Jacobite Peerage

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After the deposition by the English parliament in February 1689 of King James II and VII from the thrones of England and Ireland (the Scottish Estates followed suit on 11 April 1689), he and his successors continued to create peers and baronets, which they believed was their right. These creations were not recognised by James's de facto successors or British law, but the titles were used in Jacobite circles in Continental Europe and recognised by France, Spain and the Papacy. The following tables list the peerages and baronetcies created by the Stuart claimants in exile. The tables present the situation from the Jacobite perspective, and so titles granted after 1689 by King James II & VII's de facto successors to the throne, whose authority was not recognised by Jacobites, are represented in inverted commas.

Creations of 1689[edit]

The seven Irish peerages (the Duke of Tyrconnell, Viscount Kenmare, Viscount Mountcashell, Viscount Mount Leinster, Baron Bourke, Baron Nugent, Baron Fitton of Gawsworth, and their subordinate peerages) created by James II in 1689 are in an anomalous legal position, even from the Hanoverian viewpoint. He was held to have abdicated the English (and Scottish) thrones in December 1688; but the Government of Ireland was carried on solely in his name until August 1689. The creations were recorded in the Irish Patent Roll, and have never been struck out.

It is the usual British maxim that the actions of a King in possession are valid, even when his title is unsound; but there was also a law of the Kingdom of Ireland that the King of England is automatically King of Ireland – and William and Mary, considered by Jacobites as usurpers, were crowned in England on 11 April 1689.

Four of the seven grantees died without male heirs; two peerages (if valid) have merged with pre-existing Irish Earldoms; and the heir of the 1st Viscount Kenmare was granted the same titles by the Hanoverian George III in 1798 – and then raised to an Irish Earldom. Thus even if the Irish House of Lords still met, the questions here would only be academic.[1]

(Similar considerations may apply to the Scottish Countess of Almond, who was elevated before James's deposition was proclaimed in Edinburgh. This first Jacobite Earldom of Almond was a life peerage, and is therefore extinct.)

Dukes[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Peerage Notes Current holder (if any)
Duke of Powis 12 January 1689 Herbert extinct 8 March 1748 England for William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis
Duke of Albemarle 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 27 December 1702 England for Henry FitzJames, an illegitimate son of King James II. He also bore the title of Grand Prior of England.
Duke of Northumberland 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 England for Philip Wharton, 6th Baron Wharton ("2nd Marquess of Wharton")
Duke of Albemarle 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 England for George Granville ("1st Baron Lansdowne")
Duke of Arran 2 January 1722 Butler extinct 17 December 1758 England for Charles Butler ("1st Earl of Arran"), also 3rd Duke of Ormonde from 16 November 1745
Duke of Strafford 5 January 1722 Wentworth extinct 10 March 1791 England for Thomas Wentworth. 3rd Baron Raby ("1st Earl of Strafford")
Duke of York shortly after 6 March 1725 Stuart merged in the crown 31 January 1788 England for Prince Henry Benedict Stuart
Duke of Melfort 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct since 28 February 1902[2] Scotland for John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort, holder also Duke of Perth from 2 July 1800 until extinction
Duke of Perth before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant Scotland for James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth, also Duke of Melfort from 2 July 1800 to 28 February 1902 John Eric Drummond, 15th Duke of Perth (b. 1935)
Duke of Mar 22 October 1715 Erskine extant Scotland for John Erskine, 22nd Earl of Mar Margaret of Mar, 11th Duchess of Mar (b. 1940)
Duke of Rannoch 1 February 1717 Murray extant Scotland for William, Earl of Tullibardine ("Titular Marquess of Tullibardine", and after 9 July 1724 "2nd Titular Duke of Atholl", by which title he was known among Jacobites, and even by King James VIII & III) Bruce George Ronald Murray, 12th Duke of Rannoch (b. 1960)
Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant Scotland for José de Rozas, Conde de Castelblanco, Knight of the Order of Alcántara, Captain-General of Guatemala, son-in-law of the 1st Duke of Melfort (see above)
Duke of Inverness 4 April 1727 Hay extinct 1740 Scotland for John Hay of Cromlix, created Earl of Inverness 5 October 1718
Duke of Fraser 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 Scotland for Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
Duchess of Albany 24 March 1783 or before Stuart extinct 14 November 1789 Scotland for Charlotte, illegitimate daughter of King Charles III by Clementina Walkinshaw
Duke of Tyrconnell 30 March 1689 Talbot extinct 14 August 1691 Ireland for Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell
Duke of Mar 13 December 1722 Erskine extinct 16 March 1766 Ireland also Duke of Mar in Scotland

Marquesses[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Peerage Notes Current courtesy title-holder
Marquess of Montgomery 12 January 1689 Herbert extinct 22 October 1745 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Powis
Marquess of Trelissick 20 June 1715 Paynter extinct in the 18th century England for James Paynter, Cornish gentleman.
Marquess of Woburn 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland
Marquess Monck and Fitzhemon 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Marquess of Seaforth circa 1690 Mackenzie extinct 11 January 1815 Scotland for Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth
Marquess of Forth 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Marquess of Drummond before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth James David Drummond, Marquess of Drummond (b. 1965)
Marquess of Kenmure 1707 Gordon dormant or extinct Scotland for William Gordon, 6th Viscount of Kenmure
Marquess of Stirling 22 October 1715 Erskine extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar. This Marquessate is sometimes recorded as "Marquess Erskine" None - current Duchess of Mar has no sons
Marquess of Blair 1 February 1717 Murray extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch Michael Bruce John Murray,Marquess of Blair (b. 1985)
Marquess of Borland 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Marquess of Beaufort 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Marquess of Tyrconnell 30 March 1689 Talbot extinct 14 August 1691 Ireland subsidiary title of the Duke of Tyrconnell

Earls[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes Peerage Current holder (if any)(non-subsidiary earldoms only)
Earl of Dover July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 England for Henry Jermyn, 1st Baron Dover, also 1st Baron Dover and 3rd Baron Jermyn of St. Edmundsbury
Earl of Portland 1690 Herbert extinct 5 November 1698 England for Sir Edward Herbert, Chief Justice of the King's Bench during the reign of James II
Earl of Tenterden 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829 England for Sir Edward Hales, 3rd Baronet
Earl of Rochford 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 27 December 1702 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Earl of Monmouth between 16 September and 17 October 1701 Middleton extinct February 1747 England for Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton in the Peerage of Scotland, Secretary of State to King James II & VII and King James III & VIII
Earl of Bolingbroke 26 July 1715 St John extinct 12 December 1751 England for Henry St. John, "Secretary of State" of the usurpress Princess George of Denmark, by whom he was created "Viscount Bolingbroke and St John" in 1712
Earl of Macclesfield 1716 Dorrington extinct 1841 England for William Dorington or Dorrington, Colonel of the King's Royal Irish Regiment of Foot Guards
Countess of Jersey April 1716 Villiers extinct circa 1735 England Title granted for life to Barbara, née Chiffinch, widow of Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey
Earl of Jersey April 1716 Villiers extant England for William Villiers, "2nd Earl of Jersey", holder of the "Earldom of Jersey" created by the usurper William of Orange-Nassau in 1697 William Villiers, 9th Earl of Jersey (b. 1976)
Earl of Malmesbury 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland
Earl of Mar 10 November 1717 Erskine extinct 16 March 1766 England also Duke of Mar in Scotland
Earl of Chester shortly after 31 December 1720 Stuart merged in the crown 1 January 1766 England subsidiary title of the Prince of Wales
Earl of Bath 6 October 1721 Granville dormant 2 July 1776 England also Duke of Albemarle from 3 November 1721
Earl of Bath 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 England subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Earl North 6 January 1722 North extinct upon the death of the grantee 31 March 1734 England for William North, 6th Baron North of Kirleton and 2nd Baron Grey of Rolleston. Appointed by King James III Lieutenant-General (2 January 1722), Commander-in-Chief, City of London and Westminster (5 January 1722), one of the nine Lords Regent (26 May 1722)
Earl of Falkland 13 December 1722 Cary extant England for Lucius Cary, 6th Viscount Falkland Lucius Cary, 10th Earl of Falkland (b. 1935)
Earl of Westminster 12 August 1759 Murray extant England for George Murray, also 6th Lord Elibank in the peerage of Scotland from 27 February 1778 Alan D'Ardis Erskine-Murray, 11th Earl of Westminster (b. 1923)
Countess of Almond 13 January 1689 Davia-Montecuculi extinct April 1703 Scotland title for life, created for Donna Anna Victoria Davia Montecuculi, who accompanied the Queen on her escape from Whitehall on 9 December 1688
Earl of Fortrose circa 1690 Mackenzie extinct 11 January 1815 Scotland subsidiary title of the Marquess of Seaforth
Earl of Isla and Burntisland 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Earl of Almond 12 April 1698 Davia unknown Scotland for Virgilio Davia, the husband of the Countess of Almond, above
Earl of Stobhall before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth N/A - current courtesy Marquess of Drummond has no sons
Earl of Dundee[3] shortly before 12 November 1705 Gualterio extant Scotland for John Baptist/Giovanni Battista Gualterio, brother of Cardinal Filippo Antonio Gualterio, Cardinal Protector of Scotland, as of 1706, and England, as of 1717, "to secure political support at Rome".[4] Giovanni Battista was also Marquis of Corgnolo, near Orvieto (created 1723, Pope Innocent XIII), patrician of Rome and Orvieto, noble of Viterbo and Loreto; between 1713 and 1720, also Duke of Cumia, near Messina (created by Philip V of Spain)
Earl of Kildrummie 22 October 1715 Erskine extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar None - current Duchess of Mar has no male-line grandsons
Earl of Glen Tilt 1 February 1717 Murray extant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch N/A - current courtesy Marquess of Blair has no sons
Earl of Fordan 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Earl of Inverness 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 Scotland for John Hay of Cromlix, also Duke of Inverness from 4 April 1727
Earl of Dunbar 2 February 1721 Murray extant Scotland for James Murray, from August 1770 also Viscount of Stormont (cr. 1621), Lord Scone (cr. 1605) and Lord Balvaird (cr. 1641, all in the Peerage of Scotland). From 20 March 1793, also "Earl of Mansfield" (cr. 1792 by the Elector George III of Hanover). From 13 June 1843, "Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield" (cr. 1776 in the "Peerage of Great Britain".). Alexander David Mungo Murray, 9th Earl of Dunbar (b. 1956)
Earl of Dillon 24 June 1721 Dillon extant Scotland for Arthur Dillon, also Viscount Dillon of Costello Gallen in the peerage of Ireland (created 1622) from February 1737 Henry Benedict Charles Dillon, 14th Earl of Dillon (b. 1973)
Earl of Nairne 24 June 1721 Murray extant Scotland for William Murray, 2nd Lord Nairne (cr. 1681). From 7 December 1837, also Earl of Dunmore (cr. 1686) Malcolm Murray, 12th Earl of Nairne (b. 1946)
Earl of Stratherrick and Upper Tarf 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 Scotland subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Earl of Alford 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773 Scotland For John Graeme, Jacobite Minister at Vienna and subsequently Secretary of State
Earl of Lucan January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719 Ireland for Patrick Sarsfield, Jacobite leader in the Williamite War in Ireland
Earl of Newcastle 1692 Butler extinct 18 June 1740 Ireland also Viscount Galmoye in the peerage of Ireland.
Countess Oglethorpe of Oglethorpe 9 November 1722 Oglethorpe extinct 1756 Ireland for Anne Oglethorpe, Jacobite agent who worked to restore James II and James III
Earl of Browne 12 April 1726 Browne extinct 19 December 1803[5] Ireland for General George Browne, also Count von Browne of the Holy Roman Empire.
Earl of Moenmoyne 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830 Ireland for Thomas Arthur, comte de Lally, general in the Jacobite rising of 1745
Earl Walsh 20 October 1745 Walsh extinct 26 October 1884 Ireland for Anthony Vincent Walsh, shipbuilder at Nantes.
Earl of Lismore 11 October 1746 O'Brien extinct before 1789 Ireland for Daniel O'Brien, Jacobite envoy.

Viscounts[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes Peerage Current holder (if any) - substantive and courtesy
Viscount Cheveley 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover England
Viscount Tunstall 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829 subsidiary title of the Earl of Tenterden England
Viscount Clermont between 16 September and 17 October 1701 Middleton extinct February 1747 subsidiary title of the Earl of Monmouth England
Viscount Dartford April 1716 Villiers extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Jersey England George Henry William Child-Villiers, Viscount Dartford (b. 2015) (courtesy peer)
Viscount Winchendon 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland England
Viscount Bevel 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle England
Viscount Goring 2 January 1722 Goring extant also Baronet Goring, of Burton, co. Sussex (Baronetage of England), regrant 1678 with precedence 14 May 1622 England William Burton Nigel Goring, 10th Viscount Goring
Viscount of Rickerton 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort Scotland
Viscount of Moneydie 12 April 1698 Davia unknown subsidiary title of the Earl of Almond Scotland
Viscount Cargill before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth Scotland N/A - current courtesy Marquess of Drummond has no grandsons
Viscount Gualterio? shortly before 12 November 1705 Gualterio extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dundee Scotland
Viscount of Garioch 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar Scotland None - current Duchess of Mar has no male-line great-grandsons
Viscount of Glenshie 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch Scotland N/A - current courtesy Marquess of Blair has no grandsons
Viscount of The Bass 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco Scotland
Viscount of Innerpaphrie 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 subsidiary title of the Earl of Inverness Scotland
Viscount of Drumcairn 2 February 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dunbar Scotland William Philip David Mungo Murray, Viscount of Drumcairn (b. 1988) (courtesy peer)
Viscount of Stanley 24 June 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Nairne Scotland None - Earl of Nairne's only son is adopted
Viscount of the Aird and Strathglass 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser Scotland
Viscount of Falkirk 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773 subsidiary title of the Earl of Alford Scotland
Viscount Mountcashell 1 May 1689 MacCarthy extinct 1 July 1694 for Lieutenant-General Justin MacCarthy Ireland
Viscount Kenmare 20 May 1689 Browne extinct 1952 for Sir Valentine Browne, 3rd Baronet, also Baronet of Killarney, County Kerry (created 1622 by King James I) Ireland
Viscount Mount Leinster 23 August 1689 Cheevers extinct 1709 for Edward Cheevers, aide-de-camp to King James II at the Battle of the Boyne, brother-in-law of Patrick Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan (q.v.) Ireland
Viscount Cahiravahilla 1689 or 1690 Roche either extinct 5 June 1807, or dormant for Dominick Roche, Mayor of Limerick, who died in 1701; his sons appear to have let it lapse Ireland
Viscount of Tully January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lucan Ireland
Viscount Dillon 1 February 1717 Dillon extant elevated to Earl of Dillon,1721 (q.v.) in the Peerage of Scotland Ireland N/A - identical to earldom
Viscount Everard 20 June 1723 Everard extinct 1740 also Baronet of Fethard, County Tipperary (created 1622 by King James I) Ireland
Viscount Breffney 31 July 1731 O'Rourke extinct on the death of the grantee for Owen (or Audeonus or Eugenius) O'Rourke, Ambassador of King James III & VIII to the Imperial Court at Vienna[6][7][8][9] Ireland
Viscount Breffney July 1742 O'Rourke dormant since the 18th century see above. New patent with precedence of former grant, with remainder to his cousin Constantine O'Rourke, Count of the Russian Empire, and the heirs male of his body Ireland
Viscount Ballymole 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830 subsidiary title of the Earl of Moenmoyne Ireland
Viscount Tallow 11 October 1746 O'Brien extinct before 1789 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lismore Ireland

Barons and Lords of Parliament[edit]

Barons in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Baron of Esk 21 January 1689 Graham extinct 1739 for Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston of Haddington in the peerage of Scotland (cr. 1681)
Baron Jermyn 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover
Baron Ipswich 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover
Baron Cleworth 7 August 1689 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 also Earl of Melfort in Scotland, Duke of Melfort from 17 April 1692 and Duke of Perth from 2 July 1800
Baron Hales 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829 subsidiary title of the Earl of Tenterden
Baron Romney 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 17 December 1702 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Baron Caryll of Durford Before 29 January 1698 Caryll extinct 1788 for John Caryll, poet, dramatist and diplomat
Baron Hoo April 1716 Villiers extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Jersey
Baron Cottington 1717 Cottington extinct 1758 for Francis Cottington of Fonthill Gifford[10]
Baron Oglethorpe 20 December 1717 Oglethorpe extinct 1 July 1785 for Theophilus Oglethorpe, Jr., former Member of Parliament for Haslemere under the usurpress Princess George of Denmark
Baron Lansdowne 6 October 1721 Granville dormant 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Earl of Bath
Baron Lansdown 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Baron Bullinghel 2 January 1722 Goring extant subsidiary title of the Viscount Goring
Baron Hay 3 April 1727 Hay extinct 1740 also Earl of Inverness in Scotland, Duke of Inverness from 4 April 1727

Lords of Parliament in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes Current holder (if any)(non-subsidiary titles only) Heir (non-subsidiary titles only)
Lord Castlemains and Galston 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Lord Davia 12 April 1698 Davia unknown subsidiary title of the Earl of Almond
Lord Concraig before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth
Lord Sempill of Dykehead 1712 (?) Sempill dormant for Francis Sempill, 2nd Lord Sempill of Dykehead, Jacobite agent in Paris, 1740–1745, who died 9 December 1748
Lord Alloa, Ferriton and Forrest 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar
Lady Clanranald 28 September 1716 Mackenzie extinct 1743 for Penelope Louisa Mackenzie, widow of Allan Macdonald, 14th Chief of Clanranald
Lord of Clanranald 28 September 1716 Macdonald of Clanranald extant For Ranald MacDonald of Clanranald, younger son of Donald Macdonald of Clanranald Ranald Alexander Macdonald, 10th Lord of Clanranald, 24th Chief and Captain of Clanranald[11][12] - one of the MacDonalds of Boisdale - inherited titles in 1944 following the death of Angus Roderick, 9th Lord of Clanranald, 23rd Chief and Captain of Clanranald Ranald 'Og' Angus Macdonald of Clanranald, younger, Master of Clanranald (b. 1963)
Lord MacLeod 8 December 1716 MacLeod of MacLeod extant For Norman MacLeod, 19th/22nd Chief of Clan MacLeod Present holder uncertain since the death of Sir Reginald Macleod, KCB, 27th Chief of Macleod and titular 8th Lord Macleod (leaving two daughters, the elder of whom succeeded him in the name of Macleod)
Lord MacDonell 9 December 1716 MacDonell of Glengarry extant For Alastair MacDonell, or MacDonald, 11th Chief of Glengarry, attainted 1690, fought at Sherriffmuir, again attainted 1716, died 1724 Aeneas Ranald Euan MacDonell, 13th Lord MacDonnell (b. 1941)[13]
Lord Maclean 17 December 1716 Maclean extant For Sir Hector Maclean, 5th Baronet, of Morvaren (or Morvern) in the County of Argyll, in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia created on 3 September 1631 Lachlan Maclean, 8th Lord Maclean (b. 1942)[14] Malcolm Lachlan Charles Maclean, Master of Maclean (b. 1972)
Lord Sleat 23 December 1716 MacDonald extant For Sir Donald Macdonald, 4th Baronet Macdonald of Sleat in the Isle of Skye in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia, created 28 May 1625 (Titular "Baron Macdonald of Slate" in the County of Antrim in the Peerage of Ireland, created 1766, between 1766 and 1832) Ian Godfrey Bosville Macdonald, 14th Lord of Sleat(b. 1947) Somerled Alexander Bosville Macdonald, Master of Sleat (b. 1976)
Lord Lochiel 27 January 1717 Chief of Cameron extant For John Cameron of Lochiel, 18th Chief of Clan Cameron Donald Angus Cameron, 10th Lord Lochiel[15] Donald Andrew John Cameron, younger of Lochiel, Master of Lochiel (b. 1976)
Lord Strathbran 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch
Lord Divron 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Lord Cromlix and Erne 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 subsidiary title of the Earl of Inverness
Lord Mackintosh 21 January 1721 Mackintosh of Mackintosh extant For Lachlan Mackintosh, 20th chief of Clan Mackintosh John Lachlan Mackintosh, 11th Lord Mackintosh [16]
Lord Hadykes 2 February 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dunbar
Lord Grant 24 June 1721 Grant of Grant extant for Sir James Grant, the Chief of Clan Grant, Also 6th baronet Colquhoun of Colquhoun of Nova Scotia (cr. 1625), who subsequently supported the House of Hanover. From 5 October 1811, the 4th Lord Grant and 9th baronet of Colquhoun, succeeded as 5th "Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reidhaven and Lord Ogilvie of Deskford and Cullen" (cr. 1701 by the usurper William of Orange-Nassau, which titles remained united with the Lordship of Grant until 12 November 1915, when the honours of Lord Grant and Chief of Clan Grant, together with the baronetcy of Colquhoun, passed to the "4th Baron Strathspey of Strathspey" (cr. 1884 by the usurpress Alexandrina Viktoria, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) and his heirs James Patrick Trevor Grant of Grant, 13th Lord Grant[17] Michael Patrick Grant of Grant, Master of Grant (b. 1953)
Lord Fraser 20 July 1723 Fraser extant for Charles Fraser of Inverallochy - from 13 December 1792, this title was inherited by the 3rd Duke of Fraser and upon the extinction of the Dukedom of Fraser, 8 December 1815, passed to the 14th Lord Lovat and his heirs Simon Fraser, 18th Lord Lovat and 8th Lord Fraser[18] Jack Fraser, Master of Lovat and Fraser (b. 1984)
Lord Lovat and Beauly 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Lord Appin 6 June 1743 Stewart of Appin extant for Dugald Stewart, 9th Chief of Appin Andrew Francis Stewart of Lorn, Appin and Ardsheal, 17th of Appin & 12th of Ardsheal (b. 1949)
Lord Newton 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773 subsidiary title of the Earl of Alford
Lord Oliphant 1760 Oliphant of Gask extinct 1847 for Laurence Oliphant, Jacobite army officer

Barons in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Baron Bourke of Bophin 2 April 1689 Bourke extinct 12 April 1916 also Earl of Clanricarde from 1702
Baron Nugent of Riverston 3 April 1689 Nugent extant for Thomas Nugent, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, holder also Earl of Westmeath from 1871
Baron Castleinch 1 May 1689 MacCarty extinct 1 July 1694 subsidiary title of the Viscount Mountcashell
Baron Fitton of Gawsworth 1 May 1689 Fitton extinct November 1698 for Alexander Fitton who was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1687–1690
Baron Castlerosse 20 May 1689 Browne extinct 1952 subsidiary title of the Viscount Kenmare
Baron Bannow 23 August 1689 Cheevers extinct 1709 subsidiary title of the Viscount Mount Leinster
Baron Tarbert 1689 or 1690 Roche extinct 5 June 1807 subsidiary title of the Viscount Cahiravahilla
Baron Loughmore 1690 Purcell extant for Nicholas Purcell of Loughmoe, Colonel of a regiment of horse in James II's army - also Baron of Loughmoe (created 1328)
Baron Rosberry January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lucan
Baron Hooke of Hooke Castle 19 February 1708 Hooke extinct 20 August 1744 for Colonel Nathaniel Hooke, special envoy of King James III & VIII and later of Louis XIV of France to prepare abortive Jacobite rising in 1708
Baron Redmond 15 December 1721 Redmond extinct before 26 March 1732 for Sir Peter Redmond, knight of the Order of Christ, created a baronet 1717 (q.v.)
Baron MacMahon 19 January 1723 MacMahon unknown for Colonel Donald MacMahon
Baron Castle Lyons 17 March 1726 O'Brien extinct before 1789 also Earl of Lismore from 11 October 1746
Baron Bourke 3 February 1727 Bourke unknown for Toby (Theobald) Bourke, descended from the Bourkes of Clanricarde
Baron Butler 1 April 1727 Butler unknown for Richard Butler
Baron O'Rourke 18 April 1727 O'Rourke extinct on the death of the grantee for Owen (or Audeonus or Eugenius) O'Rourke of Carha, Ambassador of King James III & VIII to the Imperial Court at Vienna in 1741 - also Viscount Breffney from 31 July 1731
Baron Crone 16 February 1728 Crone unknown for Matthew Crone
Baron Carha July 1742 O'Rourke dormant since the 18th century subsidiary title of the Viscount Breffney
Baron Tollendally 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830 subsidiary title of the Earl of Moenmoyne

Baronets[edit]

Baronets of England[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Ashton 8 November 1692 unknown  
Ronchi 24 July 1715 unknown  
Redmond 20 December 1717 extinct before 26 March 1732 also Baron Redmond in the peerage of Ireland from 15 December 1721
Ronchi 5 October 1722 unknown  
Connock 22 February 1732 unknown  
Constable 17 September 1753 unknown  

Baronets of Nova Scotia[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Nairne of Sandfurd 7 February 1719 extinct after January 1740 For David Nairne, Under Secretary of State, 1689–1713 (with intervals), Clerk of the King's Council, 1706–1713, Secretary of the Closet, 1713–1733
MacLeod 5 September 1723 extant
Robertson of Struan 1725 extant For Alexander Robertson of Struan, 13th Chief of Clan Donnachaidh and the only man to take part in all three Jacobite uprisings
Robertson of Fascally 10 May 1725 extinct in the 18th century  
Graeme 6 September 1726 extinct 3 January 1773 also Earl of Alford from 20 January 1760
Forrester (fforrester) 31 March 1729 unknown  
Ramsay 23 March 1735 extinct 6 May 1743 known as the "Chevalier Ramsay", leading exponent of Scottish Freemasonry
Lumisden 5 January 1740 extinct 1751  
MacGregor 14 March 1740 unknown For Alexander Macgregor Drummond of Balhaldie, elected Chief of Clan Gregor and a distinguished Jacobite
Macdonald (or MacDonnell) of Keppoch 6 June 1743 dormant since 1838 For Alexander Macdonald, 17th of Keppoch
Hay 31 January 1747 unknown  
Edgar of Keithock 1759 Extinct 1925  
Hay of Restalrig 31 December 1766 extant after 1825, also "Baronets of Alderston" (created by Princess George of Denmark in 1703)
Stewart 4 November 1784 unknown  

Baronets of Ireland[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Lally 7 July 1707 extinct 11 March 1830 also Earl of Moenmoyne from 1746
Sherlock 9 December 1716 unknown  
Wogan June 1719 unknown  
Higgins 6 May 1724 unknown  
Sheridan 17 March 1726 extinct circa 1747  
O'Gara 2 May 1727 extinct 1776  
Hely 28 June 1728 unknown  
Worth 12 September 1733 unknown  
Forstal 22 January 1734 unknown  
Gaydon 29 July 1743 unknown  
Butler 23 December 1743 unknown  
Warren 3 November 1746 extinct 21 June 1775  
Rutledge 23 December 1748 unknown  
O'Sullivan 9 May 1753 extinct 24 March 1895  

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle[edit]

Knights of the Most Honourable Order of the Garter[edit]

Name Date of creation Notes
Richard Talbot, Duke of Tyrconnell November 1690  
James Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 19 April 1692 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 16 September 1701
William Herbert, 1st Duke of Powis 19 April 1692  
John Drummond, 1st Duke of Melfort 19 April 1692 Created Knight of the Order of the Thistle, 1687
Antoine Nompar de Caumont, marquis de Puyguilhem, duc de Lauzun 19 April 1692 Duke and Peer of France, Marshal of France. At the Court of King James II, 1685–1688, accompanied Queen Mary Beatrice and the Prince of Wales to France, December 1688. With King James II in Ireland, 1689–1691. Confidant of Queen Mary Beatrice after 1701.
Henry Fitz-James, Duke of Albemarle 1696 Grand Prior of the English Commandery of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta
James Drummond, 1st Duke of Perth 21 June 1706 Created Knight of the Order of the Thistle, 1687
Piers Butler, 3rd Viscount of Galmoye, 1st Earl of Newcastle (in the Peerage of Ireland) after 26 January 1715 Nominated to succeed the Duke of Melfort (see above)
John Erskine, 1st Duke of Mar 8 April 1716 Created "Knight of the Order of the Thistle" by Princess George of Denmark, 1706. "Degraded" 1715
Charles Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 25 December 1722 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 1 January 1766
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton 30 July 1723 Created "Knight of the Order of the Thistle" by the usurper Elector George I of Hanover, 1726
Philip Wharton, Duke of Northumberland 5 March 1726  
James Fitz-James Stuart, Earl of Tynemouth 3 April 1727 Succeeded as 2nd Duke of Berwick and 2nd Duque de Liria y Jérica, Grandee of Spain 1734
Henry Benedict, Duke of York Before 1729 Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, 1747. Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 31 January 1788
Daniel O'Brien, 1st Earl of Lismore November 1747  

Knights of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle[edit]

Name Date of creation Notes
James Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 1692 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 16 September 1701
David Graham of Claverhouse, 3rd Viscount of Dundee 1692  
Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale 1692  
James Seton, 4th Earl of Dunfermline 1692  
James Drummond, Marquis of Drummond March 1705 Succeeded his father as 2nd Duke of Perth, 11 May 1716
Charles Hay, 13th Earl of Erroll March 1705  
William Keith, 9th Earl Marischal February 1708  
Giovanni Battista Gualterio, 1st Earl of Dundee 10 May 1708  
James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 3rd Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland 8 April 1716 Created Knight of the Garter by King James II, 1688. "Degraded" 1715
James Maule, 4th Earl of Panmure 8 April 1716  
William Mackenzie, 2nd Marquess of Seaforth Before December 1716  
Arthur Dillon, 1st Viscount Dillon (I) and 1st Earl of Dillon (S) 26 May 1722  
Charles Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 25 December 1722 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 1 January 1766
George Keith, 10th Earl Marischal 29 December 1725  
John Hay, 1st Earl and 1st Duke of Inverness 31 December 1725  
William Maxwell, 5th Earl of Nithsdale 31 December 1725  
James Murray, 1st Earl of Dunbar 31 December 1725  
James Drummond, 3rd Duke of Perth 15 May 1739  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton 27 July 1740 Created Knight of the Garter, 1723 (see above)
Henry Benedict, Duke of York Before 1742 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 31 January 1788
John Caryll, 3rd Baron Caryll of Dunford (in the Peerage of England) 1768 Secretary of State of King Charles III
Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany 30 November 1784 Natural daughter of King Charles III

References[edit]

  1. ^ Complete Peerage, Vol I.
  2. ^ Ruvigny,P 149, entry 'Duke of Perth'
  3. ^ Complete Peerage, 2nd edition, vol.IV , p 525
  4. ^ 'The Stuart Court in Exile and the Jacobites', by Eveline Cruickshanks, p. xvii
  5. ^ General Philipp Browne, son of Maximilian Ulysses Browne, who in turn was the son of a cousin of the grantee. George Browne (soldier) was, according to his DNB article, an illegitimate son of the grantee. Ruvigny's Jacobite Peerage says that the grantee was "apparently" the father of the subject of that article.
  6. ^ "Count Owen O'Rourke ... married Catharine Diana de Beauveau, sister to the Prince of Craon, but left no issue" - The Case of Count O'Rourke, Presented to His Majesty, in June, 1784, Etc, page 9
  7. ^ "Owen O'Rourke ... is son to Con O'Rourke, son to Con, son to Tiernan, son to Owen, etc., ancient heirs and possessors of the estate of Carha in Leitrim and to Dorothy O'Connor, daughter to Bryan, son to Charles, son to Charles, all hereditary chiefs of the house of O'Connor, Sligo" - Calendar of Stuart Papers, iv, 5
  8. ^ "126. Owen: son of Brian Ballach. 127. Tiernan Bán: his son. By referring to the Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1590, it will be seen that this man was in alliance with his kinsman Brian Oge O'Rourke, in resisting the encroachments of Sir Richard Bingham, then the Queen's Governor of Connaught. Doubtless, he was among "wild Breffny's warlike band,"[4] who, led "by gallant Brian Oge, turned the scale of victory"[5] against Sir Conyers Clifford, at "Curlieu's Pass," near Boyle, on that memorable Feast of the Assumption, A.D. 1600. 128. Owen: son of Tiernan Bán; fought against Sir Frederick Hamilton. Had two sons: 1. Hugh; 2. Owen.[6] This Owen had two brothers—1. Brian, 2. Con: the former slain during the events of 1641-9, and the latter executed during the same unhappy period. Tradition tells that this execution took place in the presence, or within view, of his brother Owen, and in front of, or convenient to their father's house." - O'ROURKE (No.3)Of Innismagrath, County Leitrim - From Irish Pedigrees; or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation by John O'Hart
  9. ^ "Con of Castle Car, beside Manorhamilton ... was sheriff of Leitrim in 1641, but was afterwards captured and hanged by Sir Frederick Hamilton from the walls of his castle, on January 2nd, 1641." - Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 1906, P139
  10. ^ Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1987). Crowley, D.A., ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 13 pp155-169 – Fonthill Gifford". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  11. ^ The Captain and Chief of Clanranald
  12. ^ Clan MacDonald of Clanranald History
  13. ^ MacDonnell of Glengarry
  14. ^ Clan Maclean Heritage Trust - Trustees
  15. ^ Biography - Donald Cameron of Lochiel
  16. ^ The Peerage page does not mention any children
  17. ^ Clan Grant - Chief
  18. ^ From the Jacobite perspective, the attainder of Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat is not recognised and his sons Simon Fraser of Lovat and Archibald Campbell Fraser of Lovat are counted in the list of Lords Lovat.

External links[edit]