Jacopo Francesco Riccati (1676-1754)
|Born||28 May 1676
Venice, Venetian Republic (now Italy)
|Died||15 April 1754
Treviso, Venetian Republic (now Italy)
|Alma mater||University of Padua|
|Notable students||Vincenzo Riccati|
|Known for||Riccati equation|
|Influences||Stefano degli Angeli|
Riccati was educated first at the Jesuit school for the nobility in Brescia, and in 1693 he entered the University of Padua to study law. He received a doctorate in law (Ll.d.) in 1696. Encouraged by Stefano degli Angeli to pursue mathematics, he studied mathematical analysis.
Riccati received various academic offers, but declined them in order to devote his full attention to the study of mathematical analysis on his own. Peter the Great invited him to Russia as president of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He was also invited to Vienna as an imperial councilor and was offered a professorship at the University of Padua. He declined all these offers.
He was often consulted by the Senate of Venice on the construction of canals and dikes along rivers.
The Riccati equation is named after him.
His father, Ars Riccati, came from a noble family who owned land near Venice. His father was the Conte Montino Riccati and his mother was from the powerful Colonna family. His father died in 1686, when Riccati was only ten, leaving the youth a handsome estate.
Jacobo Riccati was named honorary Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna in 1723.
Notes and references
- Maria Gaetana Agnesi. "The author's preface to the reader". Analytical Institutions, p. XXIII on Google Books, London, 1801
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Jacopo Riccati", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.