Jacqueline de Ribes

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Jacqueline, comtesse de Ribes (born 14 July 1929)[1][2] is a French aristocrat, designer, fashion icon, businesswoman, producer and philanthropist. She has been a member of the International Best Dressed List since 1962.[3][4]

Early life[edit]

Jacqueline Bonnin de La Bonninière de Beaumont was born on July 14, 1929 in Paris to Jean de Beaumont, comte Bonnin de la Bonninière de Beaumont (1904–2002) and Paule de Rivaud de La Raffinière (1908–1999). On January 30, 1948, Jacqueline married Vicomte Édouard de Ribes, a successful banker who subsequently became comte de Ribes and Officer of the Legion of Honour,[5] Croix de guerre 1939-1945.[6][7] They had two children, Elizabeth and Jean.

In 1939, when she was 10, de Ribes's parents sent her and her siblings to Hendaye with a nanny during World War II. They lived in the concierge's cottage, as the main house was requisitioned by the Gestapo. Worried that the American army would land on the beaches of Hendaye and endanger their children, de Ribes's parents moved them again to the château of the Count and Countess Solages in central France. They shared the château with occupying German soldiers, and were liberated by American soldiers in 1942. After the war, Jacqueline returned to school at the convent of Les Oiseaux in Verneuil.[2]

Life in fashion and society[edit]

In the 1950s and 1960s, before she began designing her own collections, de Ribes employed couture dressmakers to create custom garments for her. In the 70s she began modifying these gowns to create elaborate costumes for fancy-dress balls. In 1955 she employed Oleg Cassini to make her custom gowns based on muslin patterns de Ribes cut on the floor of her attic. She employed a young and then unknown Valentino to create the sketches that accompanied them.

For twelve years de Ribes created ready-to-wear collections, using marketing techniques to attract famous and elegant international clients such as Joan Collins, Raquel Welch, Barbara Walters, Baroness von Thyssen, Cher, Danielle Steel, Olympia de Rothschild, and Marie-Hélène de Rothschild.[8]

Her first fashion show was held in the home of Yves Saint Laurent. Her creations have been positively received with fashion journalists Hebe Dorsey of the International Herald Tribune[9] and John Fairchild of Women's Wear Daily singing her praises.[10] De Ribes's collection performed well commercially, and she signed an exclusive three-year contract with Saks Fifth Avenue after her first collection debuted. By 1985, her line was grossing $3 million annually.

In 1986, Japanese cosmetics conglomerate Kanebo acquired minority a stake in the company. De Ribes was unhappy with requests to change the proportions and designs of her collections for Japanese markets.

After being hospitalized for debilitating back pain, de Ribes underwent hemilaminectomy surgery in 1994 which left her unable to walk for three years. During this time she also began to suffer from celiac disease, and due to these health problems was forced to dissolve her company in 1995.[2]

On 14 July 2010, the French President Nicolas Sarkozy decorated her as a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur[11] at the Elysée Palace.

From November 19, 2015 to February 21, 2016, the Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum in New York City will feature "The Art of Style", an exhibition featuring items from de Ribes's wardrobe. The thematic show will feature about sixty ensembles of haute couture and ready-to-wear primarily from her personal archive, dating from 1959 to the present. Also included will be her creations for fancy-dress balls, as well as numerous photographs and ephemera, recounting the story of how her interest in fashion developed over decades, from childhood "dress-up" to the epitome of international style.

Theatre artistic director and producer of Cuevas Ballet[edit]

In 1958, she produced the first play performed at the new Recamier Theatre, When five years will be passed by Federico Garcia Lorca, with Laurent Terzieff[12] and Pascale de Boysson[13] and a Raimundo de Larrain[14] scenery.[15]

After the Marquis de Cuevas died in 1961, de Ribes became the new manager of the International Ballet of the Marquis de Cuevas. With sidekick de Larrain as impresario. Together with Raymundo de Larrian, they produced a version of Prokofiev’s Cinderella with Geraldine Chaplin, daughter of Charlie Chaplin. De Ribes worked 15-hour days during her time managing the ballet, eventually dissolving it three years later due to a lack of resources.[2]

Producer, movies, television[edit]

Following this experience, she co-produced the initiative for the first French television channel, a film in three episodes from the book by Luigi Barzini "Italians", published by Gallimard in 1966. It was during this trip that Visconti asked[16] her to play the duchesse de Guermantes in his next film In Search ... based on the novel by Marcel Proust, she agreed. The film was cancelled after Visconti fell sick.[17] In the 1970s, she focused her efforts on volunteering for show production and co-produced Eurovision television shows to benefit UNICEF.

Active "mécène" of many museums and institutions[edit]

De Ribes chaired the Association of Friends of Foreign Orsay Museum[18] during the Monet exhibition in Tokyo[19] in 1996. She supports several museums and foundationsin France. She accepted, at the 2007 Biennale, the chairmanship of Venetian Heritage.

Humanitarian and charitable activities[edit]

Jacqueline de Ribes has supported humanitarian causes throughout the world.[20][21] De Ribes won the prestigious Women of Achievement Award[when?] in 1980, alongside Bette Davis, Iris Love, Ann Getty, Dame Sheila Sherlock and Jessie M. Rattley, among others.[citation needed]

Ecology[edit]

De Ribes is a pioneer in the field of nature conservation and ecology. As early as 1974 in the Balearic Islands, she advocated for the respect of the natural beauty and for the survival of the species in the area. She also orchestrated an international campaign to safeguard the Mediterranean island of Espalmaor, a migratory bird refuge, successfully fighting for the classification of the island as a nature reserve.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Recognition[edit]

Family[edit]

The Countess de Ribes, was born Jacqueline de Beaumont, she is the daughter[27] of Count Jean de Beaumont[28] (1904-2002) Commander of the Legion of Honor, vice president of the International Olympic Committee, president of the French Academy of Sports and chairman of Cercle de l'Union interalliée, and his wife, the Countess (née Paule Rivaud de La Raffinière; 1908-1999), a woman of letters.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Le Nobiliaire de France ˆ Tome II. 1976. p. 1420. 
  2. ^ a b c d Amy Fine Collins (23 August 2010). "The Last Queen of Paris". Style. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  3. ^ VF Staff (1962). "World's Best Dressed Women". The International Hall of Fame: Women. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Ultimate Style – The Best of the Best Dressed List. 2004. p. 9. ISBN 2 84323 513 8. 
  5. ^ fr:Catégorie:Officier de la Légion d'honneur
  6. ^ fr:Catégorie:Titulaire de la croix de guerre 1939-1945
  7. ^ "Suzy". Women’s Wear Daily. 24 September 2004. 
  8. ^ Menkes, Suzy, "Couture's Grand Ladies," Illustrated London News, Spring 1990.
  9. ^ Hebe Dorsey obituary, nytimes.com, 29 December 1987.
  10. ^ Women's Wear Daily
  11. ^ Olivier de Granvil (14 July 2010). "Légion d’Honneur: L'intégralité de la promotion du 14 Juillet". Ministère de la culture et de la communication. NationsPresse.Info. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  12. ^ Laurent Terzieff
  13. ^ fr:Pascale de Boysson
  14. ^ fr:Famille Larraín
  15. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/books/99/09/12/specials/lorca.html
  16. ^ http://patrimoine.editionsjalou.com/lofficiel-de-la-mode-numero_693-page_162-detailp-13-687-162.html
  17. ^ Profile, nytimes.com, 13 April 2010.
  18. ^ http://www.amis-musee-orsay.org/devenez-membre/
  19. ^ http://collection.nmwa.go.jp/en/P.1959-0148.html
  20. ^ Ecology Action, corporatedir.com; accessed 30 August 2015.
  21. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1961&dat=19840124&id=R7kzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zukFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4978,1422605
  22. ^ "Hall of Fame – Countess Jacqueline de Ribes". Vanity Fair (625): 189. September 2012. 
  23. ^ Portraits Best Dressed Hall of Fame – Countesss Jacqueline de Ribes, vanityfair.com; accessed 30 August 2015.
  24. ^ Profile, VanityFair.com; accessed 30 August 2015.
  25. ^ The Fashion Book. 2001. p. 391. ISBN 0 7148 4118 8. 
  26. ^ Profile, People.com, 16 December 1985
  27. ^ Jean de Beaumont
  28. ^ Jean de Beaumont profile, books.google.fr; accessed 30 August 2015.
Bibliography
  • Foulkes, Nicholas (2012). Bals – Legendary Costume Balls of the Twentieth Century. ISBN 978-1-614-28000-2. 

External links[edit]