Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval

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"d'Arsonval" redirects here. For the lunar crater, see d'Arsonval (crater).
Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval
Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval.jpg
Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval
Born June 8, 1851
La Porcherie
Died December 31, 1940 (aged 89)
Nationality French
Fields Electrophysiology
Known for Galvanometer

Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval (June 8, 1851 – December 31, 1940) was a French physician, physicist, and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer and the thermocouple ammeter. D'Arsonval was an important contributor to the emerging field of electrophysiology, the study of the effects of electricity on biological organisms, in the nineteenth century.


D'Arsonval was born in the Château de la Borie, in La Porcherie, Haute Vienne, France. He studied medicine in Limoges and Paris and obtained his medical degree in 1877. In 1892, he became director of the new laboratory of biophysics at the College de France and in 1894 was appointed professor.

In 1881, d'Arsonval proposed tapping the thermal energy of the ocean. d'Arsonval's student, Georges Claude, built the first OTEC plant in Cuba in 1930.

d'Arsonval has a phenomenon named after him. An alternating current having a frequency of 10 kilohertz or greater produces no muscular contractions and does not affect the sensory nerves. It is also called the Tesla Current.

He was awarded the Prix Montyon in 1882 and was appointed a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1884, with Grand Cross in 1931. [1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lance Day, Ian McNeil, Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology Routledge, 2003 ISBN 0-203-02829-5 pp. 45–46

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