He was the youngest child of Henri Christophe, then a general in the Haitian Army, by his wife Marie-Louise Coidavid. His father became President of the state of Haiti in 1807, and on March 28, 1811 he was proclaimed King of Haiti. The Prince Royal had two older brothers who both died before the proclamation of the kingdom, so he became the heir apparent with the title Prince Royal of Haiti, which came with the style of Royal Highness.
Following the death of his father on October 8, 1820, the Prince Royal should have been proclaimed as King Henry II of Haiti, but the country was already in turmoil and he never had a chance. Ten days later, he was killed after being bayoneted by revolutionaries at the Sans-Souci Palace.