Jacques Clarion

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Jacques Clarion (12 October 1779 in Saint-Pons, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – 28 September 1844 in Garches) was a French physician, pharmacist and botanist.

In his youth, he served as an apprentice-pharmacist in the town of Seyne, while in the meantime studying plants native to the Alps.[1] Up until 1799, he performed military service as a pharmacist third-class in Italy. He later studied medicine in Paris, and in 1805 began work as a pharmacist in the service of Emperor Napoleon. In this role, he served as director of the pharmacy at the Palace Saint-Cloud, a position he maintained during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X.

In 1819 he became an assistant professor at the Ecole de Pharmacie de Paris, and in 1825 a professor of botany.[1] From 1822 to 1830 he was a member of the Académie de Médecine.

In 1812, the botanical genus Clarionea (Lagasca ex A. P. de Candolle, 1812) was named in his honor.[2][3]

Published works[edit]

  • Observations sur l'analyse des végétaux suivies d'un travail chimique sur les rhubarbe exotique et indigène, 1803 - Comments on botanical analysis, followed by chemical studies of exotic and native rhubarb.[4]
  • Abrégé de médecine pratique, ou Manuel médical d'après les principes de la doctrine physiologique, 1832 - Medical manual on principles of physiological doctrine.
  • Nouveau Précis des maladies des enfans fondé sur la doctrine, 1833 - On childhood diseases based on physiological doctrine.[5]


  • "This article incorporates translated text based from an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia, source listed as: Amédée Dechambre (1875). Dictionnaire encyclopédique des sciences médicales, tome dix-septième. G. Masson (Paris).
  1. ^ a b JSTOR Global Plants (biographical information)
  2. ^ Biodiversity Heritage Library Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  3. ^ Index Nominum Genericorum database Clarionea
  4. ^ IDREF.fr (bibliography)
  5. ^ Google Search (publications)
  6. ^ "Author Query for 'Clarion'". International Plant Names Index.