Jacques Daviel

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monument to Jacques Daviel in Bernay

Jacques Daviel (11 August 1696 – 30 September 1762[1]) was a French ophthalmologist credited with originating the first significant advance in cataract surgery since couching was invented in ancient India.[2] Daviel performed the first extracapsular cataract extraction on April 8, 1747.[2]

Daviel earned his medical degree from the Medical School of Rouen, practiced in Marseille where he was affiliated with the medical school there, then restricted his practice to ophthalmology in 1728.[3] He was on the staff of Hospital d'Invalides and became oculist to Louis XV.[3]

In March 1756 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society [4] In 1759, He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Daviel died of apoplexy in 1762 while on a trip to Geneva, Switzerland.[3]


  1. ^ Dolezalova V (Jan 2005). "Jacques Daviel, 11 August 1696--30 September 1762". Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 61 (1): 73–5. PMID 15782862.  NOTE: Many other references give year of birth as 1693.
  2. ^ a b Obuchowska I, Mariak Z (2005). "[Jacques Daviel--the inventor of the extracapsular cataract extraction surgery.]". Klin Oczna. 107 (7–9): 567–71. PMID 16417025. 
  3. ^ a b c Mathew J, Mathen MM. "Clinical Practice Module: Quality Assurance in Cataract Surgery." Accessed September 23, 2006.
  4. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010.