Jacques Goulet

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Jacques Goulet
Born
Baptised17 April 1615[1]
Died26 November 1688[2]
NationalityFrench
OccupationMiller,[1][2] habitant
Spouse(s)Marguerite Mulier[1]
Children12[2]

Jacques Goulet (baptised April 17, 1615 – died November 26, 1688) was a pioneer settler to Canada who was part of the Percheron immigration movement recruited to colonize the shores of the Saint Laurence River at Québec in New France (now part of the province of Québec in Canada), a miller and the ancestor of all of the Goulets in North America.[3][4]

Early life[edit]

Thomas Goulet, the father of Jacques Goulet, lived in France in ancient Perche province's Normandel hamlet in about 1593. The baptismal records of Saint-Maurice-lès-Charencey, a community two miles east of Normandel, document the birth of René Goulet on May 30, 1613 to Charles Goullet and his wife Susanne. It is likely that Charles Goullet is the brother of Thomas Goulet.[5]

Thomas married Antoinette Feillard on April 28, 1613 in Normandel's Saint-Firmin church.[1]

A notarized deed dated April 6, 1615 shows Thomas Goulet purchasing a gray horse for 25 livres from Robert Giguère, a merchant from Tourouvre and a cousin of Robert Giguère who also immigrated to New France.[3] The eldest of three children, Jacques Goulet was born in Normandel on April 17, 1615; his sisters Louise and Yvonne, being born in 1619 and 1622, respectively.[6]

Jacques Goulet worked as a miller for Noël Juchereau on his farm, Les Chatelets in L'Hôme-Chamondot, France in 1645.[3] His father Thomas, also worked as a miller in L'Hôme-Chamondot in 1632, possibly at the same mill.[5] Goulet married Marguerite Mulier, the daughter of Jean Mulier and Catherine Chauvin, on November 21, 1645 at St. Pierre Church in La Poterie-au-Perche, France.[7]

Immigration to New France[edit]

St. Firmin Church in Normandel, France where Jacques Goulet was baptized and his parents, Thomas and Antoinette were married.
St. Pierre Church in La Poterie-au-Perche, France where Jacques Goulet married his wife Marguerite Mulier a few months before moving to Québec
Parish record of Jacques Goulet's birth on April 17, 1615
Parish record of Jacques Goulet's death on November 26, 1688. Note his age is listed as 75 years, resulting in a discrepancy with his recorded date of birth.
Moulin du Petit-Pré (Little Meadow Mill) commissioned in 1695 for the Séminaire de Québec under Mgr François de Montmorency-Laval's direction (by then in his simple priest capacity).[8]

Noël Juchereau, a Company of One Hundred Associates investor, recruited Jacques Goulet to migrate to New France as Noël Juchereau's miller via a three-year-termed work contract at the end of which term Jacques Goulet was likely to be granted a land concession. Jacques Goulet was in his last year of a three-year contract to Noël Juchereau died in 1648.[9][4]

In the spring of 1646,[7] Goulet and his wife Marguerite sailed from La Rochelle for New France. In September or October, they arrived at Québec with 73 other immigrants on one of a fleet of four ships: the 300-ton Cardinal, the 150 ton Saint-Sauveur (or Neuf), the 50-ton Petit Saint-Christophe and the 250-ton Notre-Dame (destined for Montreal).[citation needed] In 1646, there were only around 1,000 colonists in Canada.[10]

Life in Canada[edit]

Shortly after arriving at Québec, Goulet's wife Marguerite gave birth to their first child, Geneviève, on October 28, 1646. Geneviève died about six weeks later. She was buried on December 14, 1646.[11]

Goulet was employed by Noël Juchereau, until Juchereau died in 1648, soon after a visit to France.[6]

In December 1651, Goulet acquired land with one arpent of frontage on côte St. Michel near Sillery, Quebec City.[2] He later sold the property along with another property with one-and-a-half arpents of land to Simon Legendre for 200 livres on December 26, 1655.[2]

In Château-Richer, Goulet owned land consisting of six arpents of frontage.[2] He sold this property to partners Jacques Dodier and Pierre Pointel on November 30, 1656.[2] On March 4, 1657, Dodier gave the property back to Goulet who then sold it to Lauzon de la Citière for 860 livres, a significant sum.[2]

On May 30, 1658, Olivier Le Tardiff, seigneur and judge for côte de Beaupré, a concession of land at L’Ange-Gardien.[2] The land consisted of three arpents of frontage on the North shore of the St. Lawrence River near L'Ange-Gardien,[2] near the stream Ruisseau des Originaux.[4]

As of the 1667 census, Goulet was farming 15 arpents of land and had five head of cattle.[2] By the 1681 census, he had doubled his arable land. He also owned a gun and one of the New France's 78 horses.

From 1673 to 1676, Goulet worked as a miller at the mills of the seigneurie de Beaupré, Château-Richer's wind mill and the water mill of Sault à la Puce.[2] He was also a miller at the water mill at Petit Pré (pictured) until at least 1682.[7]

1666 Census of New France
1667 Census of New France
1681 Census of New France

Children[edit]

Jacques and Marguerite had 11 children, of whom five died or were not recorded in subsequent census records because they did not marry.[12][13][14][15]

  • Geneviève: October 28, 1646 - December 14, 1646
  • Nicolas: December 14, 1647 - August 24, 1721; married Sainte Cloutier on November 24, 1672.
  • Jacques: April 9, 1649 - 1666.
  • René: October 27, 1650 - July 28, 1717; married Catherine Leroux on October 29, 1672.
  • Louis: August 26, 1653 - 16; married Marie Godin on July 8, 1682.
  • Charles: 1656 - November 10, 1717; married Marie-Anne Rancin on November 11, 1686.
  • Thomas: March 24, 1660 - February 19, 1728; married Marie-Marguerite-Louise Pancatelin on October 25, 1683.
  • Francois: 1664-1665.
  • Antoine: August 20, 1666 - February 4, 1712; married Madeleine Guyon on February 19, 1692.
  • Joseph: March 27, 1669 - May 5, 1741; married Jeanne Julien on July 20, 1692.
  • Marguerite: June 27, 1675 - 1680.

Death[edit]

Jacques Goulet died November 26, 1688 and was interred in the church cemetery at L'Ange-Gardien two days later.

In 1694, Goulet's estate was inventoried.[3] It consisted of one plow, more than 700 sheaves of wheat, two horses, 10 head of cattle, three pigs, 10 chickens, a stone house, a barn, a stable, 33 arpents of cleared land and various other items.[3]

A plaque affixed to La Poterie's St. Pierre church reads:

Jacques Goulet né le 17 Avril 1615 a Normandel et Louise Goulet née a La Poterie le 26 Juillet 1628 epouse de René Le Tartre partis de La Poterie pour Le Canada. 'Je me souviens'"[12]

Translation:

Jacques Goulet born on April 17, 1615 in Normandel and Louise Goulet, born in La Poterie on July 26, 1628, wife of René Le Tarte, left La Poterie for Canada. I remember

Name variations[edit]

In Canada and the United States, other name variations have evolved including Goulette, Goulait, Goulais,[16] Desgoulets, Gooely, Gooley, Goula, Goulat, Goulah, Goulin and Gooler.[citation needed] A miniscule proportion of Goulets had the Mathurin dit name or nickname.[16]

Newspaper article from The Winnipeg Tribune

Flute[edit]

Goulet once owned a flute that had been passed down from generation to generation. A brief history of the flute was written about in an article in The Winnipeg Evening Tribune - June 7, 1934. The last person to have possession of the flute was Robert Leon Goulet (1890-1955). It is not known what happened to the flute after Robert died. In June 2015, descendants of Jacques Goulet's, including the great grandson of Robert Leon Goulet, attempted to locate the flute, but was unsuccessful. In an attempt to locate the flute, the descendants of Goulet have created FindTheFlute.com.[citation needed]

Notable descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Fichier Origine 241856
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Langlois 1998
  3. ^ a b c d e Lebel 1990, pp. 67, 73
  4. ^ a b c perche-quebec.com. "Jacques et Louise Goulet". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b Lefebvre & March 1964
  6. ^ a b PREFEN Fiche 12813, Notice, p. 2
  7. ^ a b c Lebel, Gérard; Laforest, Thomas John (1988). Our French-Canadian Ancestors, vol. 11. Palm Harbor, Florida: LISI Press. pp. 83–94. ISBN 0-914163-11-6.
  8. ^ laautrevoix.com, CHRONIQUE HISTORIQUE. Vestige de la Nouvelle-France, le Moulin du Petit-Pré a approvisionné la ville de Québec en farine durant deux siècles et demi.
  9. ^ Trudel, Marcel (1983). Catalogue des Immigrants 1632-1662 (in French). Québec: Hurtubise HMH. pp. 159–165. ISBN 978-2-89045-579-5.
  10. ^ "Population of Quebec 1605-1844". Marianopolis College. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  11. ^ Nos Origines 43997
  12. ^ a b Prévost, Robert (1993). Portraits de Familles Pionnieres. Montréal: Libre Expression. pp. 112–116. ISBN 978-2-89111-567-4.
  13. ^ Parish Records of Québec (in French)
  14. ^ Dictionnaire généalogique des familles du Québec, Réné (1983). Le texte scientifique (in French). Montréal: Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal. ISBN 9782760606456.
  15. ^ Tanguay, Cyprien (1871). TANGUAY Dictionnaire Généalogiques des Familles Canadienne. Montreal.
  16. ^ a b "Le Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique". Québec Name Variants. Université de Montreal. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  17. ^ Marchildon, Jérôme. "The story of Elzear Goulet". Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Descendance de Thomas Goulet". Roots Web.com. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  19. ^ "Ancestry of Robert Goulet". Genealogy.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fichier Origine 241856. "Jacques Goulet".
  • Langlois, Michel (1998). Dictionnaire biographique des ancêtres québécois : (1608-1700) Tome 2 Lettre D à I. Sillery, Québec: Maison des Ancêtres/Archives nationales du Québec. ISBN 2980030562.
  • Lebel, Gérard (1990). "Nos ancêtres : biographies d'ancêtres". publication place: Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada: published by: Revue Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, vol. 11. ISBN 2-89238-211-4. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Lefebvre, Jean-Jacques (March 1964). "Jacques Goulet avant son départ pour le Canada". Mémoires de la Société Généalogique Canadienne-Française. 15 (1): 138–142.
  • PREFEN Fiche 12813, Notice Complémentaire. "Famille Letartre-Goulet" (PDF).

External links[edit]