This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutrality by separating out potentially negative information. (August 2021)
His Excellency Count
|8th President of the International Olympic Committee|
16 July 2001 – 10 September 2013
|Preceded by||Juan Antonio Samaranch|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Bach|
|Honorary President of the International Olympic Committee|
10 September 2013 – 29 August 2021
|Preceded by||vacant, last held by Juan Antonio Samaranch (2010)|
|Succeeded by||vacant, expected to be Thomas Bach in 2025|
Jacques Jean Marie Rogge
2 May 1942
|Died||29 August 2021 (aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||Anne Rogge, Countess Rogge|
|Children||One son, one daughter|
|Alma mater||University of Ghent|
Jacques Jean Marie Rogge, Count Rogge (French: [ʒɑk ʁɔɡ], Dutch: [ˈrɔɣə] (listen); 2 May 1942 – 29 August 2021) was a Belgian sports administrator and physician who served as the eighth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 2001 to 2013. In 2013, Rogge became the IOC's Honorary President, a lifetime position, which he held until his death in 2021.
Life and career
Rogge was born in Ghent, Belgium, during the Nazi Germany occupation. He was the son of Suzanne and Charles Rogge, an engineer. Rogge was by profession an orthopedic surgeon and was educated at the Jesuit private school Sint-Barbaracollege and the University of Ghent.
Rogge was a noted athlete in his home country. He was a 16-time Belgian national champion in rugby and a one-time yachting world champion. He also competed in the Finn class of sailing on three Summer Olympic Games; in 1968, 1972, and 1976. In October 2016, The British School of Brussels named their new Sports Centre in his honour.
Rogge served as president of the Belgian Olympic Committee from 1989 to 1992, and as president of the European Olympic Committees from 1989 to 2001. He became a member of the IOC in 1991 and joined its executive board in 1998. He was knighted in 1992, and in 2002 made a count in the Belgian nobility by King Albert II. When Rogge stepped down as President of the IOC he was awarded by his successor a gold Olympic Order. On 25 February 2014, The Princess Royal appointed him as an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) at Buckingham Palace for his years of service to the Olympics and in particular for his work on the London 2012 Olympic Games.
On 28 April 2014, Rogge was appointed Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, to help promote sport as an empowerment tool for youth from displaced and refugee communities towards peace, reconciliation, security, health, education, gender equality, and a more inclusive society.
On 14 October 2016, The British School of Brussels opened its new sports center in Tervuren, Belgium. The building was opened and named after Rogge, titled "The Jacques Rogge Sports Centre".
In 2017 the International Paralympic Committee awarded Rogge its highest honour the Paralympic Order for saving them from financial disaster. Rogge received the International Fair Play Committee's lifetime achievement award, the Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy. The committee decided to name their youth award in honour of Rogge, calling it the Jacques Rogge Fair Play Trophy for The Youth.
President of the IOC
In October 2009 he was re-elected for a new term as President of the IOC. In September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, German Thomas Bach (who had won a gold medal in fencing at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal) was elected as his successor.
On 27 July 2011, one year prior to London 2012, Rogge attended a ceremony at Trafalgar Square where he invited athletes worldwide to compete in the forthcoming Olympic Games. Former Olympians the Princess Royal and Sebastian Coe unveiled the medals up for grabs, after both Prime Minister David Cameron and London Mayor Boris Johnson had given speeches.
Jacques Rogge's IOC Presidency came to an end at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires. German Thomas Bach was elected as the new IOC President at the session on 10 September 2013. Rogge was then made Lifetime Honorary President of the IOC, a position which he held until his death in 2021.
- PRC internet censorship
For the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China, Rogge pronounced in mid-July 2008 that there would be no Internet censorship by PRC government authorities: "for the first time, foreign media will be able to report freely and publish their work freely in China". However, by 30 July 2008, IOC spokesman Kevan Gosper had to retract this optimistic statement, admitting that the Internet would indeed be censored for journalists. Gosper, who said he had not heard about this, suggested that high IOC officials (probably including the Dutch Hein Verbruggen and IOC Director of the Olympic Games, Gilbert Felli, and most likely with Rogge's knowledge) had made a secret deal with PRC officials to allow the censorship, without the knowledge of either the press or most members of the IOC. Rogge later denied that any such meeting had taken place, but failed to insist that the PRC adhere to its prior assurances that the Internet would not be censored.
The play Dear Mr. Rogge, written by Dinah Lee Küng in 2012, depicts an imprisoned PRC dissident who wrote a letter challenging Rogge to walk from the Birds Nest stadium to Beijing Prison No. 2 in order to check the truth of Rogge's claim that hosting the Olympics would serve as a catalyst only for good in the country.
- Criticism of Bolt's jubilation
Rogge commented that Usain Bolt's gestures of jubilation and excitement[clarification needed] after winning the 100 meters in Beijing are "not the way we perceive being a champion," and also said "that he should show more respect for his competitors." In response to his comments, Yahoo! Sports columnist, Dan Wetzel, who covered the Games, described him as "a classic stiff-collared bureaucrat," and further contended that "[the IOC] has made billions off athletes such as Bolt for years, yet he has to find someone to pick on". In an interview with Irish Times' reporter Ian O'Riordan, Rogge clarified, "Maybe there was a little bit of a misunderstanding.... What he does before or after the race I have no problem with. I just thought that his gesticulation during the race was maybe a little disrespectful".
- Munich Massacre moment of silence
Rogge rejected calls for a minute of silence to be held to honor the 11 Israeli Olympians killed 40 years prior in the Munich massacre, during the opening ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympics. He did this despite the standing request of the families of the 11 Israeli Olympic team members and political pressure from the United States, Britain, and Germany, stating: "We feel that the opening ceremony is an atmosphere that is not fit to remember such a tragic incident." Speaking of the decision, Israeli Olympian Shaul Ladany, who had survived the Munich massacre, commented: "I do not understand. I do not understand, and I do not accept it." Rogge and the IOC instead opted for a ceremony at Guildhall, London, on 6 August, and one at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base on the anniversary of the attack, 5 September.
Honours and titles
Rogge received these honours and titles in Belgium and abroad for his work:
- 1992: Creation of Knight Rogge, by Royal decree of King Baudouin
- 2002: Creation of Count Rogge, by Royal decree of King Albert II
- 2011: Member of the Order of Friendship
- 2011: Officer of the Legion of Honour, by President Sarkozy
- 2013: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown (Belgium), by Royal decree of 19 September 2013
- 2014: Honorary Knight Commander in the Order of St. Michael and St. George (UK), 2014
- 2012: Knight Commander in the Order of Orange-Nassau, by Royal decree of Queen Beatrix
- 2015: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Adolphe of Nassau.
- Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Order of Merit of Ukraine
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise
- Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Order for Merits to Lithuania
- 2013: Olympic Order
- 2013: Honorary President of the International Olympic Committee
- 2017: Paralympic Order
Rogge received several honorary degrees (honoris causa) :
- Baku State University, Azerbaijan
- Semmelweis University, Hungary
- École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
- Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland
- University of Southern Denmark
- Lithuanian Sports University
- Ghent University, Belgium in 2001
- Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine, in October 2006
- Beijing Sport University, China, on 24 October 2006
- Galileo University, Guatemala, on 30 June 2007
- University of Porto, Portugal, in November 2009
- National Sports Academy of Bulgaria, in January 2009
- University of Oradea, Romania, in September 2010
- Royal Military Academy (Belgium) on 28 October 2010
- KU Leuven, Belgium in 2012
- National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, in May 2018
- Genzlinger, Neil (30 August 2021). "Jacques Rogge, Who Led Olympic Committee, Dies at 79". The New York Times.
- Viner, Brian (27 July 2012). "Jacques Rogge: The quiet Olympian". Independent. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
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- "College of Arms Foundation - Activities". Coaf.us. Archived from the original on 10 September 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Germany's Bach elected new IOC president". 10 September 2013.
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- "Secretary-General Appoints Jacques Rogge of Belgium Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport". Press release. United Nations. 28 April 2014.
- "2007 impressions," Het Laatste Nieuws, 31 December 2007
- "Sports Centre". www.britishschool.be. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- "Paralympic Order presented to former IOC President Rogge". Paralympic Movement. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Former IOC President Rogge awarded Paralympic Order". 10 February 2017.
- "Former IOC President receives lifetime achievement award in Belgium". 30 November 2017.
- "Jacques Rogge receives lifetime achievement award at World Fair Play Awards".
- "Olympic leaders remember Jacques Rogge as a man of his word".
- "IOC announces passing of former IOC President Jacques Rogge - Olympic News". 20 December 2021.
- Genzlinger, Neil (30 August 2021). "Jacques Rogge, Who Led Olympic Committee, Dies at 79". The New York Times.
- "Rogge secures Olympic presidency". 16 July 2001.
- "Olympics; Rogge Given Authority To Cancel the Olympics". The New York Times. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- "Forbes Powerful People". Forbes.com. 2011. Archived from the original on 5 November 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Rogge Awarded Legion of Honor; Arab Games End; Pin Points". Aroundtherings.com. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Zaccardi, Nick (10 September 2013). "Thomas Bach elected as ninth IOC president". NBC OlympicTalk. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "GamesBids.com - Coates Becomes Vice President, DeFrantz Joins Executive Board and Rogge is Honorary President". Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "IOC admits internet censorship deal with China – Radio Netherlands Worldwide – English". Radionetherlands.nl. 30 July 2008. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Gosper, Kevan (1 August 2008). "IOC lies on web access have hurt my reputation". The Australian. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- Amazon https://www.amazon.com/Rogge-about-Olympics-Power-Truth-ebook/dp/B006UT0HSK
- "One powerful man who does seem to be on top of things". Irish Times. 23 May 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- Wetzel, Dan (24 August 2008). "Beijing Olympics' winners and losers". Yahoo! Sports!.
- James Montague (5 September 2012). "The Munich massacre: A survivor's story". CNN. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Wilson, Stephen (21 July 2012). "1972 Olympics Munich Massacre Anniversary: IOC President Jacques Rogge Rules Out Minute Of Silence". Huffington Post.
- "Ook Jacques Rogge krijgt Franse eretitel van Sarkozy". HLN.be (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "A lifetime dedicated to sport, Jacques Rogge passes away". International Table Tennis Federation. September 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
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- "Doctors Honoris Causa".
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- (in Lithuanian) http://docplayer.net/64867338-Jacques-rogge-doctor-honoris-causa-of-lithuanian-academy-of-physical-education-lietuvos-kuno-kulturos-akademijos-garbes-daktaras.html
- "Dr Jacques ROGGE – "Doctor Honoris Causa" of the National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport".
- (in French) http://french.peopledaily.com.cn/Sports/4950487.html Archived 30 August 2019 at the Wayback Machine
- (in French) https://www.olympic.org/fr/news/le-president-du-cio-fait-docteur-honoris-causa
- (in Portuguese) https://www.dn.pt/desporto/outras-modalidades/interior/jacques-rogge-recebe-honoris-causa-no-porto-1419193.html
- (in Spanish)https://www.elconfidencial.com/deportes/2009-01-20/bulgaria-otorga-a-jacques-rogge-el-titulo-de-doctor-honoris-causa_1068407/
- "Jacques Rogge welcomed by Young Judoka in Oradea - Official Website of the Chinese Olympic Committee".
- (in French) http://www.rma.ac.be/fr/rma-dhc(fr).html Archived 17 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "EUSA President receives honorary doctorate | EUSA".