The Count Rogge
|Honorary President of the International Olympic Committee |
10 September 2013 
|Preceded by||Vacant, last holder Juan Antonio Samaranch (2010)|
|8th President of the International Olympic Committee|
16 July 2001 – 10 September 2013
|Preceded by||Juan Antonio Samaranch|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Bach|
2 May 1942 |
|Spouse(s)||Anne Rogge, Countess Rogge|
|Children||One son, one daughter|
|Alma mater||University of Ghent|
Jacques Jean Marie Rogge, Count Rogge (French: [ʒɑk ʁɔ.ge]; Dutch: [ˈrɔɣə] ( listen); born 2 May 1942) is a Belgian sports administrator and physician who served as the eighth president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 2001 to 2013. In 2013, the IOC announced that Rogge would become their Honorary President.
Life and career
Born in Ghent, Belgium, under the Nazi-occupation, Rogge is by profession an orthopedic surgeon and was educated at the Jesuit private school Sint-Barbaracollege and the University of Ghent.
Rogge served as President of the Belgian Olympic Committee from 1989 to 1992, and as President of the European Olympic Committees from 1989 to 2001. He became a member of the IOC in 1991 and joined its Executive Board in 1998. He was knighted in 1992, and in 2002 made a Count in the Belgian nobility by King Albert II. On 25 February 2014, The Princess Royal appointed him as an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) at Buckingham Palace for his years of service to the Olympics and in particular for his work on the London 2012 Olympic Games.
On 28 April 2014, Rogge was appointed Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, to help promote sport as an empowerment tool for youth from displaced and refugee communities towards peace, reconciliation, security, health, education, gender equality and a more inclusive society.
President of the IOC
On 27 July 2011, one year prior to London 2012, Rogge attended a ceremony at Trafalgar Square where he invited athletes worldwide to compete in the forthcoming Olympic Games. Former Olympians HRH The Princess Royal and Sebastien Coe unveiled the medals up for grabs, after both Prime Minister David Cameron and London Mayor Boris Johnson had given speeches.
Jacques Rogge's IOC Presidency came to an end at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires. German Thomas Bach was elected as the new IOC President at the session on 10 September 2013. He then went on to become the Honorary President of the IOC.
- Chinese internet censorship
For the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, Rogge pronounced in mid-July 2008 that there would be no Internet censorship by Chinese government authorities: "for the first time, foreign media will be able to report freely and publish their work freely in China". However, by 30 July 2008, IOC spokesman Kevan Gosper had to retract this optimistic statement, announcing that the Internet would indeed be censored for journalists. Gosper, who said he had not heard about this, suggested that high IOC officials (probably including the Dutch Hein Verbruggen and IOC Director of the Olympic Games, Gilbert Felli, and most likely with Rogge's knowledge) had made a secret deal with Chinese officials to allow the censorship, without the knowledge of either the press or most members of the IOC. Rogge later denied that any such meeting had taken place, but failed to insist that China adhere to its prior assurances that the Internet would not be censored.
- Criticism of Bolt's jubilation
Rogge commented that Usain Bolt's gestures of jubilation and excitement after winning the 100 meters in Beijing are "not the way we perceive being a champion," and also said "that he should show more respect for his competitors." In response to his comments, Yahoo! Sports columnist, Dan Wetzel, who covered the Games, described him as "a classic stiff-collared bureaucrat," and further contended that "[the IOC] has made billions off athletes such as Bolt for years, yet he has to find someone to pick on". In an interview with Irish Times' reporter Ian O'Riordan, Rogge clarified, "Maybe there was a little bit of a misunderstanding.... What he does before or after the race I have no problem with. I just thought that his gesticulation during the race was maybe a little disrespectful".
- Munich Massacre moment of silence
Rogge rejected calls for a minute of silence to be held to honor the 11 Israeli Olympians killed 40 years prior in the Munich Massacre, during the opening ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympics. He did this despite the standing request of the families of the 11 Israeli Olympic team members and political pressure from the United States, Britain, and Germany, stating: "We feel that the opening ceremony is an atmosphere that is not fit to remember such a tragic incident." Speaking of the decision, Israeli Olympian Shaul Ladany, who had survived the Munich Massacre, commented: "I do not understand. I do not understand, and I do not accept it." Rogge and the IOC instead opted for a ceremony at Guildhall, London on 6 August, and one at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base on the anniversary of the attack, 5 September.
Honours and titles
Rogge received these honours and titles in Belgium and abroad for his work:
- 1992: Creation of Knight Rogge by Royal decree of King Baudouin
- 2002: Creation of Count Rogge, by Royal decree of King Albert II
- 2013: Grand Cordon; Order of Leopold; royal decree of 19 September 2013
- 2014: Knight Commander; Order of St. Michael and St. George, UK 2014
- 2012: Knight Commander; Order of Orange Nassau, by royal decree of Queen Beatrix
- 2015: Grand Cross; Order of Adolf van Nassau 
- Order of Merit of Ukraine
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise
- Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 2011: Order of Friendship
- Order for Merits to Lithuania
- 2011: Officer: Legion of Honour by President Sarkozy
- Knight Grand Cross; Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Doctor hon. Causa: Universiteit Gent in 2001
- Doctor hon. Causa: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in 2012,
- Doctor hon. Causa: Baku State University
- Doctor hon. Causa: Semmelweis University, Budapest
- Doctor hon. Causa: École polytechnique, Lausanne
- Philip Craven, current President of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
- Presidents of the International Olympic Committee
- "FactSheet IOC Members" (PDF). Olympic.org. July 2014. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Count Jacques ROGGE - Comité Olympique et Interfédéral Belge, IOC Member since 1991". Olympic.org. 1942-05-02. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "College of Arms Foundation - Activities". Coaf.us. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "HRH The Princess Royal honours Jacques Rogge at Buckingham Palace - News articles". GOV.UK. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Secretary-General Appoints Jacques Rogge of Belgium Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport". Press release. United Nations. 28 April 2014.
- "2007 impressions," Het Laatste Nieuws, 31 December 2007
- [dead link]
- "Olympics; Rogge Given Authority To Cancel the Olympics". The New York Times. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- "Forbes Powerful People". Forbes.com. 2011. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Rogge Awarded Legion of Honor; Arab Games End; Pin Points". Aroundtherings.com. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- Zaccardi, Nick. "Thomas Bach elected as ninth IOC president". NBC OlympicTalk. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- "IOC admits internet censorship deal with China – Radio Netherlands Worldwide – English". Radionetherlands.nl. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Gosper, Kevan (1 August 2008). "IOC lies on web access have hurt my reputation". The Australian.
- "One powerful man who does seem to be on top of things". Irish Times. 23 May 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- Wetzel, Dan (24 August 2008). "Beijing Olympics' winners and losers". Yahoo! Sports!.
- James Montague (5 September 2012). "The Munich massacre: A survivor's story". CNN. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Wilson, Stephen (21 July 2012). "1972 Olympics Munich Massacre Anniversary: IOC President Jacques Rogge Rules Out Minute Of Silence". Huffington Post.
- "Jacques Rogge Commandeur in de Orde van Oranje Nassau". Pers.nocnsf.nl. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Henri reikt Jacques Rogge Grootkruis uit - Vorsten". Vorsten.nl. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- "Ook Jacques Rogge krijgt Franse eretitel van Sarkozy". HLN.be (in (Dutch)). Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- Media related to Jacques Rogge at Wikimedia Commons
|President of the Belgian Olympic Committee (BOIC)
Adrien Vanden Eede
Juan Antonio Samaranch
|President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)