Jacques Hugues Sylla (July 1946 – 26 December 2009) was a Malagasy politician. He was the Prime Minister of Madagascar under President Marc Ravalomanana from February 2002 to January 2007. He subsequently served as the President of the National Assembly of Madagascar from October 2007 to March 2009.
Life and career
Sylla was born on the island of Sainte-Marie, Analanjirofo, off the east coast of Madagascar. He was the son of Albert Sylla, who served as Foreign Minister under Madagascar's first President, Philibert Tsiranana, until being killed in a plane crash in July 1967. He served as Foreign Minister himself from 1993 to 1996, under President Albert Zafy. He was an opponent of President Didier Ratsiraka and was one of the lawyers advising Marc Ravalomanana when he was elected Mayor of Antananarivo in 1999. Sylla was also a founder of the Toamasina section of the National Committee for the Observation of Elections.
Sylla backed Ravalomanana in the crisis that followed the December 2001 presidential election and argued Ravalomanana's case before the High Constitutional Court. On February 26, 2002, in the midst of the crisis, Ravalomanana named Sylla as Prime Minister, a few days after Ravalomanana declared himself president. After Ravalomanana was sworn in for a second time in early May, Sylla was reappointed as Prime Minister on May 9.
Sylla resigned as Prime Minister on 19 January 2007, at the end of Ravalomanana's first term; his resignation was accepted by Ravalomanana, who appointed Charles Rabemananjara as Prime Minister on 20 January.
In the September 2007 parliamentary election, Sylla stood as a TIM candidate in the Sainte-Marie constituency, winning with 51.04% of the vote according to provisional results. When the new session of the National Assembly began, Sylla was elected as President of the National Assembly on October 23, 2007; he was the only candidate and received 123 votes from the 124 deputies present, with one blank vote.
Role in 2009 political crisis
During the 2009 Malagasy political crisis, Sylla participated in negotiations between President Ravalomanana and opposition leader Andry Rajoelina on February 24, 2009. Subsequently, at an opposition rally on March 14, 2009, Sylla announced that he was joining the opposition and said that Ravalomanana should resign; according to Sylla, that was the only solution and "as President of the National Assembly, I have to recognise reality."
Rajoelina appointed Sylla as President of the Transitional Congress on 8 September 2009; he also appointed a new government on the same date. He ostensibly did so in the spirit of the Maputo agreement between Malagasy political leaders, which called for the creation of a national unity government, but the opposition denounced Rajoelina's appointments, and Sylla was considered to have completely broken with Ravalomanana.
Sylla died on 26 December 2009 after a long illness.
- "IPU PARLINE database: MADAGASCAR Antenimieram-Pirenena - Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) ELECTIONS IN 2007". archive.ipu.org.
- "Jacques Sylla reconduit Premier ministre" Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express, number 262, January 15, 2003 (in French).
- Jean-Dominique Geslin, "Jacques Sylla, diplomate par filiation", Jeune Afrique, August 12, 2002 (in French).
- "Jacques Sylla, le Premier ministre de Marc Ravalomanana" Archived 2007-08-23 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express, number 246, March 14, 2002 (in French).
- "Madagascar: Ravalomanana swears in "prime minister"", IRIN, February 26, 2002.
- "Rival Madagascar premier named", BBC News Online, February 26, 2002.
- "Jacques Sylla, reconduit Premier ministre, forme un gouvernement bien éloigné de l’ouverture politique" Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express, number 250, May 24, 2002 (in French).
- "Charles Rabemananjara 1er Ministre de Madagascar" (presidential decrees) Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Sobika.com, January 20, 2007.
- "T.I.M : Jacques Sylla candidat à Sainte-Marie"[permanent dead link], Midi Madagasikara, August 14, 2007 (in French).
- "Jacques Sylla devant les catholiques; S’abstenir des déclarations politiques", Madagascar Tribune, number 5,632, August 16, 2007 (in French).
- Provisional results for Sainte-Marie[permanent dead link] at Ministry of the Interior and Administrative Reform website (in French).
- "Assemblée nationale; Jacques Sylla, plébiscité !", Madagascar Tribune, October 24, 2007 (in French).
- "Bureau politique du TIM; Rajemison écarté", Madagascar Tribune, May 22, 2008 (in French).
- "Madagascan rivals fail to reach agreement in 3rd meeting", Xinhua, February 25, 2009.
- "Madagascar opposition claims presidential authority", Reuters, March 14, 2009.
- Lovasa Rabary-Rakotondravony, "Madagascar's leader in trouble"[permanent dead link], Associated Press, March 15, 2009.
- "SADC 'rejects, condemns' new Madagascar govt", AFP, 8 September 2009.
- "Adhésion de Rajemison Rakotomaharo et Jacques Sylla", Madagascar Tribune, 9 September 2009 (in French).
- "Madagascar: décès de Jacques Sylla". Le Figaro. 27 December 2009.
| Prime Minister of Madagascar