Jacob de Punder
Jacob de Punder or Jacques de Punder (other name variations: Jacques de Poindre, Jacobus de Pfunder, Jacques de Pfunder, Jacobus de Poindre, Jacobus de Punder, Jacob de Punder, Jaques Pindar) (1527 – c.1570), was a Flemish Renaissance painter mainly known for his portrait paintings.
De Punder was born in Mechelen. The early Flemish biographer Karel van Mander states in the Schilder-boeck (1604) that de Punder was the pupil of the Mechelen painter Marcus Willems (1527-1561). Willems had been a disciple of Michiel Coxie, one of the leading Romanist painters in Flanders who had helped introduce Italian Renaissance painting there. Willems married de Punder's sister Katharina.
De Punder married Barbara (Barbel) Verhulst. She was the sister of Lysbeth Verhulst, the first wife of the painter and engraver Hubert Goltzius. De Punder and Goltzius would occasionally collaborate on commissions.
Van Mander describes de Punder as a skilled portrait painter. Only three paintings are currently attributed to Jacob de Punder, all three portraits.
The Walters Art Museum holds a pair of portraits dated 1543: one a Portrait of Abbot Nicholas à Spira and the other a Portrait of Saint Nicholas. On the backs of the panels are remnants of an Annunciation scene, with Gabriel on one panel and the Virgin on the other. The panels were originally part of an altarpiece, with the Annunciation forming a unified scene on the exterior of the wings when the altarpiece was closed. The panels flanked a lost central painting, perhaps a Madonna and Child. The altarpiece was commissioned by Nicholas à Spira (1510-1568) who was the abbot of the abbey of the Norbertine Order in Grimbergen in Flanders. Depicting the saintly bishop Saint Nicholas together with his namesake the living abbot in similar ecclesiastical vestments confers dignity upon the latter. The altarpiece was placed in the abbey. While the abbey was destroyed in 1566 during the Iconoclastic fury of the Beeldenstorm, the altarpiece survived. During the anticlerical campaigns of the 1790s following the French Revolution, the altarpiece was apparently dismantled, possibly to separate the portraits from the central panel, which was very likely destroyed.
The Fries Museum holds a Portrait of Viglius of Aytta dated 1564 which is attributed to de Punder. It depicts the Dutch statesman and jurist Viglius as chancellor of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
A Portrait of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy by Jacob de Punder (referred to as 'Jaques Pindar') was in the collection of John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley according to the Lumley inventories. This painting is now untraced.
- Jacques de Punder in: Karel van Mander, Het Schilder-boeck, 1604 (Dutch)
- Jacques de Punder at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Dutch)
- J. Claye, Gazette des beaux-arts, 1985, p 21 (French)
- Poindre, Jacques de in Abraham van der Aa
- Portrait of St. Nicholas at the Walters Art Museum]
- Portrait of Abbot Nicholas à Spira at the Walters Art Museum]
- Folkert Postma, Viglius van Aytta: de jaren met Granvelle, 1549-1564], Walburg Pers, 2000, p. 221 (Dutch)
- Carel van Mander, The lives of the illustrious Netherlandish and German painters: Lives : fol. 211r36 - 236v36, Davaco, 1996, p. 187
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jacob de Punder.|
- J.G. van Gelder, 'Nieuw werk van Jacob de Punder (Jacques de Poindre)', Oud-Holland 59 (1942), pp. 129-133 (Dutch)
- J. Duverger, 'Enkele gegevens betreffende schilder Jacob de Punder alias de Poindre', Gentsche bijdragen tot de kunstgeschiedenis 9 (1943), pp. 211-215 (Dutch)
- E. Melanie Gifford, 'Technical Notes on an Altarpiece by Jacob de Punder', The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery Vol. 49/50, (1991/1992), pp. 99-105