Jadunath Sarkar

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Jadunath Sarkar
Jadunath Sarkar.jpg
Jadunath Sarkar, c. 1926[1]
Born 10 December 1870
Karachmaria, Singra, Natore, British India
Died 19 May 1958
Calcutta, India
Occupation Historian
Spouse(s) Kadambini, Lady Sarkar

Jadunath Sarkar (10 December 1870 – 19 May 1958) was a prominent Indian Bengali aristocrat and historian.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Karachmaria village, he was the son of Rajkumar Sarkar, the Zamindar of Karachmaria in Natore in Bengal. In 1891, he passed the B.A. examination with honours in English and History from Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1892, he stood First in the First Class in the M.A. examination of Calcutta University in English. In 1897, he received the Premchand-Roychand Scholarship.[2]

He became a teacher in English literature in 1893 at Ripon College, Calcutta (later renamed Surendranath College). In 1898, he started teaching at Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1899, he was transferred to Patna College, Patna, where he would continue teaching until 1926. In between, in 1917-1919, he taught Modern Indian History in Benaras Hindu University and during 1919-1923 he taught in Ravenshaw College, Cuttack, now in Odisha. In 1923, he became an honorary member of the Royal Asiatic Society of London. In August 1926, he was appointed as the Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University. In 1928, he joined as Sir W. Meyer Lecturer in Madras University.

Sarkar was honored by Britain with a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire CIE and knighted in the 1929 Birthday Honours list.[3] He was invested with his knighthood at Simla by the acting Viceroy, Lord Goschen, on 22 August 1929.[4]


The Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta[5] an autonomous research centre has been located at 10, Lake Terrace, Sarkar's house, from 1973 to 2000. This house was handed over to the state government by Sarkar's wife, Kadambini Sarkar, just before she died. The building now houses the newly established Jadunath Sarkar Resource Centre for Historical Research, which has been established under the aegis of the CSSSC. The Jadunath Bhavan Museum and Resource Centre, a museum-cum-archive was set up at Jadunath Bhavan on 1 February 2015.[6]

Academically, Jos J. L. Gommans compares Sarkar's work with those of the Aligarh historians, noting that while the historians from the Aligarh worked mainly on the mansabdari system and gunpowder technology in the Mughal Empire, Sarkar concentrated on military tactics and sieges.[7] Kaushik Roy notes that the works of Jadunath Sarkar along with those of Jagadish Narayan Sarkar are now "forgotten due to pressure of Marxism and Postmodernism".[8]



  • A History of Jaipur (1984)
  • The Fall of the Mughal Empire (in 4 volumes), (1932–38)
  • Military History of India
  • The House of Shivaji
  • The Rani of Jhansi
  • Famous Battles of Indian History
  • Chronology of Indian History
  • Shivaji (in Bengali)
  • History of Aurangzib (in 5 volumes), (1912–24)[9]
  • Mughal Administration (1920)
  • Shivaji and his Times (1919)
  • Anecdotes of Aurangzib
  • Studies in Mughal India
  • India of Aurangzib (1901)
  • A Short History of Aurangzib
  • A History of Bengal

Edited books[edit]

  • Later Mughals by William Irvine (in 2 volumes), (1922)
  • Edited, translated and compiled the collection of Mirza Raja Jai Singh I's letters titled Haft Anjuman.



Further reading[edit]

  • Pawar, Kiram (1985). Sir Jadunath Sarkar: a profile in historiography. Books & Books. 

External links[edit]