Jadwiga Jędrzejowska

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Jadwiga Jędrzejowska
Jadwiga Jędrzejowska portrait.JPG
Country (sports)  Poland
Born (1912-10-15)15 October 1912
Kraków, Austria-Hungary
Died 28 February 1980(1980-02-28) (aged 67)
Katowice, Poland
Plays Right-handed
Singles
Highest ranking No. 3 (1937) [a]
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open F (1939)
Wimbledon F (1937)
US Open F (1937)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1939)
Wimbledon QF (1933, 1935–37, 1947)
US Open F (1938)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open F (1947)
Wimbledon SF (1935, 1937)
Jędrzejowska at Chiswick in 1938

Jadwiga ("Jed") Jędrzejowska [jadˈviɡa jɛndʐɛˈjɔfska] (15 October 1912 – 28 February 1980) was a Polish tennis player who had her main achievements during the second half of the 1930s. Because her name was difficult to pronounce for many people who did not speak Polish, she was often called by the nicknames "Jed" or "Ja-Ja".

Career[edit]

Jędrzejowska, a baseline player with a strong forehand, reached the singles final of a Grand Slam tournament on three occasions, a record for Polish tennis. In 1937 she lost in three sets to Dorothy Round in the Wimbledon final and at the U.S. Championships later that year she was defeated in the final by Anita Lizana.[2] In 1939 she was a runner-up at the French Championships, losing in the final to Simonne Mathieu in straight sets.

In women's doubles, Jędrzejowska won the 1939 French Championships with Mathieu, defeating Alice Florian and Hella Kovac in the final in two sets. Three years earlier Jędrzejowska's and Susan Noel were runnrs-up at the French Championships, losing the final to Mathieu and Billie Yorke. At the 1938 U.S. Championships Jędrzejowska and Mathieu lost the final to the American pair Alice Marble and Sarah Palfrey Cooke. In the mixed doubles final at the 1947 French Championships, Jędrzejowska and Christian Caralulis lost to Eric Sturgess and Sheila Summers without winning a game. At the age of 44, Jędrzejowska reached the women's doubles quarterfinals of the 1957 French Championships with partner Pilar Barril.

She won four consecutive singles titles at the London Championships between 1936 and 1939.[3] Jędrzejowska won the singles event at the Kent Championships in 1937 and 1938 and additionally won singles titles at the country championships of Ireland (1932), Austria (1934) and Wales (1932, 1935 and 1936).[4]

According to A. Wallis Myers and John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and The Daily Mail, Jędrzejowska was ranked in the world top ten from 1936 through 1939 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 3 in 1937.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Jędrzejowska married Alfred Gallert in 1947.[1]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 3 (3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1937 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Dorothy Round 2–6, 6–2, 5–7
Runner-up 1937 U.S. Championships Grass Chile Anita Lizana 4–6, 2–6
Runner-up 1939 French Championships Clay France Simonne Mathieu 3–6, 6–8

Doubles: 3 (1 title, 2 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1936 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Susan Noel France Simonne Mathieu
United Kingdom Billie Yorke
6–2, 4–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1938 US Championships Grass France Simonne Mathieu United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Alice Marble
8–6, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 1939 French Championships Clay France Simonne Mathieu Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Alice Florian
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hella Kovac
7–5, 7–5

Mixed doubles: 1 (1 title)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1947 French Championships Clay Romania Cristea Caralulis South Africa Sheila Piercey
South Africa Eric Sturgess
0–6, 0–6

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won tournament; reached (F) final, (SF) semifinal, (QF) quarterfinal; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; competed at a (RR) round-robin stage; reached a (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; or (NH) tournament not held.
Tournament 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941–1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 Career SR
Australia A A A A A A A A A A NH NH A A A 0 / 0
France 2R A 1R 3R A 3R SF A F NH R A 3R 3R 1R 0 / 9
Wimbledon 1R 3R 3R 4R QF SF F QF QF NH NH NH A 2R A 0 / 10
United States A A A A A A F QF A A A A A A A 0 / 2
SR 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 21

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 694, 715, 722. ISBN 978-0942257700. 
  2. ^ "Wimbledon players archive – Jadwiga Jedrzejowska". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. 
  3. ^ "Tennis Title Won". The Courier-Mail (1497). Queensland. 20 June 1938. p. 16 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ G.P. Hughes, ed. (1949). Dunlop Lawn Tennis Annual and Almanack 1949. London: Ed. J. Burrow & Co. Ltd. p. 269. 

External links[edit]

  • Le coup droit (French site, Jedrzejowska's tennis style appears in "Pologne")