Jafar ibn Ali al-Hadi

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Hazrat Jafar bin Ali bin Muḥammad ( 226-271 A.H.) who was known to Ja’far Kazzab and he was the son of the tenth Imam, Ali al-Hadi. By great intelligence, actions & adventures, he established Ja’fariyyas of the sect.

Family[edit]

Jafar b. Ali b. Muḥammad ( 226-271 A.H.) was the son of the tenth Imam, Ali al-Hadi and the brother of eleventh Imam Hasan al-Askari. Also, he had one older brother, Muhammad who died before his father's death.[1]

Challenge[edit]

After Ali al-Hadi of death[edit]

After the death of Ali al-Hadi, Jafar b. Ali claimed Imamate and he founded followers.[2] The biographers attribute to him as Kazzab (liar).[3] Muhammadyyas and Twelver believes that he was immoral.[1][4] However, it is unexpected that Shia considers Imam as one who acts contrary to the orders of religion but it seems that these reports are somewhat correct.[5] For his followers in defense of him, said: "Jafar's personality changed comparison when he was young."[4] He tried to be al-Askari in jail, though he always failed in his efforts.[3] Jafar b. Ali's followers became famous Ja’fariyyas and al-Askari's followers were known Twelver.[1]

After Hasan al-Askari of death[edit]

After the death of Hasan al-Askari, even though, al-Askari's mother was still alive, Jafar requested his property.[6] He claimed that his brother never had a son.[3] On the other hand, according to the Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi, he hid his son, for fear of his brother, Jafar, who was coveted to his property.[5] Later, between Twelver, he became famous to Ja’far, The Liar (Kazzab) and when he repented, he got the title of Tawwab (the repentant).[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Reza, Saiyed Jafar. The Essence of Islam. Concept Publishing Company, 2012. p. 254. ISBN 9788180698323.
  2. ^ a b Reza, Saiyed Jafar. The Essence of Islam. Concept Publishing Company, 2012. p. 255. ISBN 9788180698323.
  3. ^ a b c Imam, Sayyid Imdad. "Misbah-uz-Zulam, Roots of the Karbala' Tragedy". Ansariyan Publications - Qum.
  4. ^ a b Modarressi, Hossein. Crisis and Consolidation in the Formative Period of Shi'Ite Islam: Abu Ja'Far Ibn Qiba Al-Razi and His Contribution to Imamite Shi'Ite Thought (English and Arabic Edition) (PDF). Darwin Press, Incorporated (June 1, 1993). ISBN 978-0878500956.
  5. ^ a b Al-majlisi, Allamah Muhammad Baqir. The Promised Mahdi. ISBN 9781546921127.
  6. ^ Momen, Moojan. An Introduction to Shiʻi Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shiʻism. Yale University Press; New edition (September 10, 1987). pp. 161–163. ISBN 978-0300035315.