Jaffa Clock Tower
|Jaffa Clock Tower|
(برج الساعة (يافا
|Alternative names||מגדל השעון יפו|
|Location||Tel Aviv, Israel|
The Jaffa Clock Tower (Hebrew: מגדל השעון יפו, Migdal haShaon Yafo, Arabic: يافا برج الساعة, Turkish: Yafa Saat Kulesi) stands in the middle of the north end of Yefet Street in Jaffa, part of Tel Aviv, Israel. The tower, built of limestone, incorporates two clocks and a plaque commemorating the Israelis killed in the battle for the town in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
It is one of seven clock towers built in Palestine during the Ottoman period. The others are located in Safed, Acre, possibly Nazareth, Haifa, Nablus. Jerusalem also had a clock tower built during the Ottoman period, but the British army demolished it.
The construction of the tower was initiated by Moritz Schoenberg, a Jewish businessman and clockmaker who also built the adjacent Bustrus St. (now Raziel St.) to commemorate the silver jubilee of the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II. The tower was built with contributions of the residents of the city, Arabs and Jews, headed by Joseph Bey Moyal.
The cornerstone was laid in September 1900. Within a year two floors were built and the construction of a third floor had begun. In 1903 the clock tower had been erected and Schoenberg designed and installed four clocks at its top. It is similar to the clock tower of Khan al-Umdan in Acre that is dedicated to the same purpose. More than a hundred similar clock towers were built throughout the Ottoman Empire due to this occasion.
In 1966 the Jaffa Clock Tower was renovated, new clocks were installed and colorful mosaic windows describing the history of Jaffa and designed by Arie Koren were added.
In 2004 the clock tower appeared on an Israeli stamp worth 1.3 sheqels. It was together with the clock towers in Safed, Acre, Haifa and Jerusalem featured in a series of Ottoman Clock Towers In Israel.
- "Jaffa - Clock-Tower". planetware.com. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
- מגדל השעון. Tel-Aviv-Yafo Municipality (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2009-01-30.
- "Jaffa's Clock Tower". archnet.org. Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2009-01-30.
- מגדל השעון ביפו. lib.cet.ac.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2009-01-30.
- "The Jaffa Clock Tower, Clock Square". boeliem.com. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology). I. Oxford University Press. pp. 174−175. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0.