Jaffa Light

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Jaffa Light
Yafo
Jaffa Phare.JPG
Jaffa Light, 2006
LocationJaffa, Tel Aviv, Israel
Coordinates32°3′12.45″N 34°45′1.82″E / 32.0534583°N 34.7505056°E / 32.0534583; 34.7505056Coordinates: 32°3′12.45″N 34°45′1.82″E / 32.0534583°N 34.7505056°E / 32.0534583; 34.7505056
Constructed1865
Constructionconcrete tower
Tower height10 metres (33 ft)
Tower shapecylindrical tower with four ribs, lantern and gallery
Markingsred and white horizontal bands tower
First lit1936
Deactivated1966
Focal height10 m (33 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicFl (4) W 14s.[1]
Admiralty no.N5962.5
NGA no.113-21258
ARLHS no.ISR-005

Jaffa Light (Hebrew: מגדלור יפו‎) is a lighthouse in Jaffa, Tel Aviv, Israel. It is located on a hilltop above the old Jaffa Port, in the historical part of the city. It operated between 1865 and 1966, although now deactivated it is still used as a daylight navigation aid.[2]

History[edit]

Jaffa Light, c. 1900

Jaffa Light was built by French engineers in 1865.[3][4] It was constructed as part of operations carried out by the Ottoman authorities to improve the port facilities, mainly due to the increase in export of citrus fruit, and especially oranges, the well known "Jaffa oranges".

The lighthouse keeper from 1875 was an Armenian who came from Jerusalem. He was trained by the same French company who built the lighthouse. Around 1938 his son was trained by the same French company and replaced him, probably as result of the lighthouse being rebuilt. His grandson, Abu George, was the "technician", responsible for keeping the lamp lit. The son was the official keeper until the lighthouse was shut down in 1966.[4]

In 1936 the British expanded the port and rebuilt the lighthouse.[1][5] The light source used in this lighthouse was a Carbide lamp.[4]

In 1965 the Port of Ashdod was built, replacing Jaffa Port. In 1966 the glass optic was taken to be used in the Ashdod Light, and the lighthouse was deactivated.[6][5] Jaffa Port become a small craft port.

The lighthouse appeared on a stamp issued on 26 November 2009 in Israel.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lighthouses in Israel". Philately News. Archived from the original on 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  2. ^ Amit Harry (25 August 2009). "טיפים לשטים בנמל יפו" [Tips for Sailing in the Jaffa Port]. Jaffa Portal. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  3. ^ "מגדלי אור והיסטוריה בחופי ישראל" [Lighthouses and History at the Shores of Israel]. Sailing News Magazine. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  4. ^ a b c "חופי הכרך תל אביב יפו" [On the waterfront Tel-Aviv Jaffa]. shezaf.net. Retrieved 27 July 2010. Note that Abu George is quoted saying "I had to watch the Carbide lamp, feed it kerosene every two hours.", which makes little sense.
  5. ^ a b "מדריך טיולים - יפו העתיקה" [Old Jaffa - Tour Guide]. travel-israel.co.il. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  6. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Israel". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2010-07-19.