Jaffna Lagoon

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Jaffna Lagoon
LocationJaffna District, Sri Lanka
Kilinochchi District, Sri Lanka
Coordinates9°35′N 80°15′E / 9.583°N 80.250°E / 9.583; 80.250Coordinates: 9°35′N 80°15′E / 9.583°N 80.250°E / 9.583; 80.250
Primary outflowsIndian Ocean
Surface area400 square kilometres (150 sq mi)
Surface elevationSea level

Jaffna lagoon is a large lagoon off Jaffna District and Kilinochchi District, northern Sri Lanka.

The lagoon is surrounded by the densely populated Jaffna peninsula containing palmyra palms, coconut plantations, and rice paddies. There are numerous fishing villages and some salt pans.

The lagoon has extensive mudflats, sea grass beds and some mangroves. The lagoon attracts a wide variety of water birds including American flamingoes, ducks, gulls, terns and other shorebirds.


  • S.W. Kotagama, Leonard Pinto and Jayampathi L. Samarakoon. "Sri Lanka" (PDF). Wetlands International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2009.