An old market road of Jagadhri
|Elevation||263 m (863 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
Jagadhri is a city and a municipal council in the Yamunanagar district of the Indian state of Haryana. This town lies adjacent to the city of Yamunanagar. The demarcation line between the two is difficult to discern. Jagadhri is around 100 km away from Chandigarh, the capital city of Haryana state.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Surrounding places of interest
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Jagadhri, corrupted form of its old name Yugandhari, was named after the king of the Yugandharas. Yugandharas find mention in Mahabharata as well as Buddhist texts as region with warriors or mountains. Yugandhara likely was used for a region inhabited by a tribe of that name and it comprised some mountainous tracts also which were given the same name.
Excavations have found the punch marked square coins, a Greek hemidrachm coin of Indo-Greek king Apollodotus I or Apollodotus II (1st and 2nd century BCE ) and one of Antimachus I/Antimachus II (2nd century BCE), a gold coin of Samudragupta (ruled 336-380 CE) and other coins of the period up to the Prithviraj Chauhan and Tomara dynasty kings of Delhi. It was likely the capital city of a Janapada. There are few places which have signs of Ashoka like Topra kalan, Chaneti, Sugh and Lohgarh. Topra kalan is the place where the Ashoka pillar having Pali inscriptions was originally installed by Ashoka. This pillar was uprooted by Mughal invader Ferozeshah Tughlaq and was moved to Delhi and reinstalled. Chaneti has one full size Buddhist stupa excavated similar to those found in saanchi and sarnath. Sugh also had signs of Buddhism which have been razed by local natives. Lohgarh is the place where Banda Singh Bahadur established the first Sikh capital of the world and the Sikh kingdom coins were also minted here.
The town was known historically for its metal work and brass ware including utensils. Nowadays[when?] production of brass ware has fallen off, due to high costs and the city has successfully transitioned to the manufacture of aluminium and stainless steel products. Moreover, Jagadhri has also witnessed the growth of a new timber trade in the last decade.[when?]
There are many old temples, such as LathMar Mandir, Khera Mandir, Gauri Shankar Mandir and Guga Madi Mandir, Devi Mandir (Mansa Devi).
As of the 2011 Census of India[update], the town had 26,716 households with a total population of 124,894 of which 67,685 were male and 57,209 female. Jagadhari has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Jagadhari, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Most of the people speak a combination of Hindi-Urdu-Punjabi. Hindi is spoken by most of the people. Some refugees from Pakistan speak Punjabi. Urdu is spoken by 4% of the population.
Surrounding places of interest
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Tajewala Barrage, completed in 1873, is where the Yamuna loses its waters to the Western and Eastern Yamuna Canals that supply water for irrigation and the Delhi waterworks. The Tajewala was replaced by the Hathnikund Barrage in 1999.
Buria is a famous town situated 8 km away from Jagadhari. It is said that Humayun came here for hunting in Shivalik forests and constructed Rang-Mahal. Many people guess the relation of 'Rang-Mahal' to Raja Birbal, one of the Navaratnas of Akbar.
Buria is also known as Buria Sahib because of a well-known Gurudwara related to Guru Teg Bahadur, ninth guru of Sikhs. An old Shiva Temple is also located in Buria. In nearby Dayalgarh, is the renovated old temple of Shree Paataaleshvar Mahadev with a garden and some ashrams of saints made during medieval times.
Bilaspur & Kapalmochan
Bilaspur town, named after the writer of the Mahabharata - Maharishi Vyasa, is a historical place. It is supposed that there was an Ashram of Ved Vyas on the bank of a pond situated here. The statue of Uma Mahadev made in 9th-10th century, and statue of Ganesha made in 11th-12th century and remains of Gupta Empire prove the antecedence of Kapalmochan. People come from all parts of the country feel spiritual elevated by taking holy bath here in ponds (kunds) known as Rinmochan, Kapalmochan and Surya kund. There is also a Hindu temple and Gurudawara of Dasham patshahi where the tenth guru of the Sikhs Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji stayed. On the occasion of Guru Nanak Dev Jayanti, a huge gathering of devotees of both Sikh and Hindu origin takes place.
Panchmukhi Shri Hanuman Ji Mandir
The temple is situated on the road coming from Bilaspur to Chhachhrauli, 4 km away from Bilaspur and attracts large numbers of people. This temple has a Vigrah of ShriHanuman Ji with five faces, contributing to temple's name, Panchmukhi (five faces). It is believed that wishes come true here, after the 20th day of the Diwali on the Occasion.It is believed that the five Pandavas visited this place and prayed to Lord Hanuman by creating his five faces. The premises of the Temple has been greatly renovated during the recent years and has good facilities for the devotees.
The main tehsil situated in north east and 11 km from Jagadhri. In the past it was the capital of the Sikh state of Kalsia. Created by Raja Gurbaksh Singh in 1763. Today 'Ravi Mahal', Ghantaghar, Janak Niwas and the fort have their own dignity. There is also a Sainik Parivar Bhawan & Bal-kunj social welfare institution at Chhachrauli. It is known as "Cherapunjji of Haryana" as it receives the highest rainfall in Haryana.
This village is situated north east from Chhachhrauli near Kalesar - it is supposed to be connected with King Shantanu of Mahabharata.
It lies 23 km north of Yamuna Nagar town. It is approachable by road via Bilaspur and is about 2 km from the nearest village Kathgarh. Located in the foothills of the Shivalik Hills, it has the Adi-Badri Narayana, Shri Kedar Nath and Mantra Devi Temples in the background. Three mounds of antiquities have recently been excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Chaneti Buddisht Stupa is situated 3 km away from Jagadhri. It is round in shape, made of bricks, 8 meters in height, in the area of about 100 sq meters, is an old Buddhist Stupa. According to Hieun Tsang, this was built by the King Ashoka.
Harnol & Topra
Sugh Ancient Mound
- Yamunanagar History, Gazatteer of Haryana: Yamunanagar.
- "Jagadhri town". Census of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- Tak, Prakash C.; Jagdish P. Sati; Anjum N. Rizvi (April 2010). "Status of waterbirds at Hathnikund Barrage wetland, Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India" (PDF). 2 (4): 841. Retrieved 10 July 2011.