Jagat Narain

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Lala Jagat Narain Chopra
Lala Jagat Narain.jpg
Personal details
Born (1899-05-31)31 May 1899
Gujranwala, Pakistan
Died 9 September 1981(1981-09-09) (aged 82)
Jalandhar, Punjab
Spouse(s) Shanti Devi
Children 2 sons: Romesh Chander and Vijay Kumar Chopra
Residence Jalandhar
Religion Hindu - Arya Samaj

Lala Jagat Narain (31 May 1899 − 9 September 1981) was the founder of the Hind Samachar group. Lala Jagat Narain, a Chopra Khatri[citation needed] and Congress Party leader, was born at Wazirabad, Gujranwala District (now in Pakistan) in 1899.[1] He graduated from D.A.V. College, Lahore in 1919, and joined the Law College, Lahore. He left his studies in 1920[citation needed]at the call of Mahatma Gandhi to join the non-co-operation movement. He was sentenced in two and a half years imprisonment, in jail he acted as Lala Lajpat Rai's Personal Secretary.[citation needed] In 1924 he became the editor of Bhai Parmanand's Weekly Hindi Paper Akashvani.[citation needed] He participated in all the Satyagraha movement and was in jail for about nine years on different occasions.[citation needed] His wife was in jail for six months.[citation needed] His eldest son, Ramesh Chandra, was arrested[citation needed] during the Quit India movement.

Narain was President of the Lahore City Congress Committee for seven years, leader of the Congress Party in the Lahore Corporation, a member of the Punjab Provincial Congress Committee for more than thirty years and member of the All-India Congress Committee for about 30 years.

Punjab Kesari, header with the founders Lala Jagat Narain & Romesh Chander)

Launch of Punjab Kesari[edit]

Narain had come to Jalandhar as a refugee from Lahore and started an Urdu daily, Hind Samachar in 1948. Urdu then was the language of the salaried urban men of Punjab,[citation needed] the people who could afford the time and money for a newspaper. But Urdu in independent India lacked government support. In the schools of Punjab, Punjabi and Hindi became the languages and Gurmukhi and Devanagari the scripts of instruction. In 1965, Jagat Narain founded Punjab Kesari, a Hindi daily.

Confrontation with Bhindranwale[edit]

Narain, an Arya Samaji,[2][3] was a prominent critic of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale.

Dilbir Singh, the Public Relations Advisor at Guru Nanak Dev University, claimed that Bhindranwale was responsible for his killing of Jagat Narain.[4] However, no evidence was found against him.

H.K. Dua, a former Editor-in-Chief of The Tribune and a close associate of Indian National Congress (I) praised Narain's Hind Samachar Group for standing up against terrorism, pointing out that 62 of his staff were gunned down over a period of time.[5]

Assassination and aftermath[edit]

The White Paper issued by the government of India, mentioned that Narain was assassinated because of his criticism of Bhindrawale.[6] He was present during the clash that occurred between Nirankaris and Akhand Kirtni Jatha Members, and stood witness at the Karnal Trial against Bhindrawale.[7] Thirteen Sikhs and two Nirankaris were killed in the clash. The Nirankaris were acquitted by court on grounds of self-defence.[citation needed]

He was shot dead on 9 September 1981, near Amaltas Motel on the national highway while returning to Jalandhar from Patiala. Both the Government and Surjeet Jalandhari, project the murder as the murder of a person deeply involved in investigating criminal cases in Punjab.[6][7] In 1981, Bhindranwale barricaded himself inside the fortified Gurudwara Gurdarshan Parkash at Mehta Chowk, but was persuaded to surrender on 20 September 1981. For 25 days, violence exploded all over Punjab, while Bhindranwale was jailed in Circuit House. India's then Home Minister, Giani Zail Singh, announced to Parliament that there was no evidence that Bhindranwale was involved in Lala Jagat Narain's assassination, and was released on 15 October 1981.

A chair in the name of Narain was established at Kurukshetra University in 1998

PM India Manmohan Singh releases postage stamp on Freedom fighter Lala Jagat Narain Chopra ji, the founder of Punjab Kesari Group, at 7 Race Course Road, New Delhi. On 9 September 2013 Punjab kesari Zee News Times of India IBN live Economic Times


  1. ^ Lala Jagat Narain
  2. ^ http://www.yale.edu/macmillan/globalization/punjab.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.sikhtimes.com/bios_060604a.html Pettigrew, Joyce, The Sikhs of the Punjab: Unheard Voices of State and Guerrilla Violence (London: Zed Books, 1995), pp. 34–35, 51
  5. ^ his tribuneindia.com/2005/20051128/punjab1.htm The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Punjab
  6. ^ a b "White Paper on Punjab Agitation". New Delhi: Government of India. 10 July 1984: 40. 
  7. ^ a b Jalandhri, Surjeet (1984). Bhindranwale Sant. Jalandhar: Punjab Pocket Books. p. 25. 

Further reading[edit]

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