A group of sarus cranes (Grus antigone) at Jagdishpur Reservoir
|Location||Jahadi, Kapilvastu District, Nepal|
|Primary inflows||Banganga River|
|River sources||Banganga River|
|Primary outflows||Banganga River|
|Catchment area||Sivalik Hills|
|Managing agency||Department of Irrigation and District Forest Office|
|Designation||Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance|
|Max. length||1.6 km (1 mi)|
|Max. width||1.4 km (1 mi)|
|Surface area||225 ha (556 acres)|
|Surface elevation||197 m (646 ft)|
|Settlements||Dhankauli, Hathausa, Jahadi, Jayanagar, Kapilvastu, Kopawa, Nigalihawa|
The Jagdishpur Reservoir is a reservoir in Jahadi Village Development Committee, Kapilvastu District, Nepal. With a surface area of 225 ha (556 acres), it is the largest reservoir in the country and an important wetland site. It is situated at an altitude of 197 m (646 ft). The maximum water depth varies between 2 m (6.6 ft) in the dry season and 7 m (23 ft) in the monsoon season.
The Jagdishpur Reservoir is listed on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention.
The Jagdishpur Reservoir was constructed in the early 1970s for irrigation purposes. It is fed by a canal from the nearby Banganga River, which drains the Chure Hills. The reservoir is surrounded by cultivated land and a few smaller lakes which serve as a buffer zone for bird movement. In 2003, the reservoir was declared a Ramsar site. Despite this, its birds and other fauna have not yet been studied in great detail.
The silt and nutrients deposited in the reservoir favour the growth of reed beds, which provide shelter for several endangered species. The habitat of the reservoir and its surroundings is important for resident, wintering and migrating wetland birds, comprising 45 different bird species. Five of these are globally threatened species. The surrounding cultivated land also provides habitat for a large numbers of birds. Some of the notable species documented in the area include:
- Asian openbill (Anastomus oscitans)
- Black-shouldered kite (Elanus axillaris)
- Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), a globally threatened species
- Greater spotted eagle (Clanga clanga), a globally threatened species
- Indian spotted eagle (Clanga hastata), a globally threatened species
- Lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), a globally threatened species
- Long-tailed shrike (Lanius schach tricolor)
- Oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
- Pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)
- Red-wattled lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
- Ruddy kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda)
- Sarus crane (Grus antigone), a globally threatened species
- Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris), a globally threatened species
- Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), a globally threatened species
- White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis), a globally threatened species
- Woolly-necked stork (Ciconia episcopus), a globally threatened species
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