Jagdverband 44

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Jagdverband 44
Jagdverband 44.svg
Unit insignia
ActiveMarch 1945 – May 1945
Country Nazi Germany
BranchLuftwaffe
TypeFighter Aircraft
RoleBomber destroyer
EngagementsDefense of the Reich
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Adolf Galland
Heinz Bär
Aircraft flown
FighterMe 262, Fw 190D

Jagdverband 44 (JV 44) was a German air unit during World War II. It was formed during the last months of World War II to operate the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter.[1]

The commander of JV 44 was General Adolf Galland, the former General der Jagdflieger (General of Fighter pilots) who had recently been sacked from his staff post by Hermann Göring for criticizing the operational policies, strategic doctrine, and tactics mandated by the Luftwaffe High Command. Galland was charged with setting up a small Me 262 unit to demonstrate the capabilities of the jet fighter.[citation needed]

JV 44 comprised a core of experienced pilots (Experten) chosen from Galland's former staff or recruited from units which had been disbanded or were being re-equipped. JV 44 performed well during its brief history, achieving a 4-to-1 kill ratio. However, it had relatively few operational jet planes available for any single sortie and was repeatedly forced to relocate due to the approach of Allied ground forces. Its complement included 50 pilots and 25 airplanes.

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Forsyth, Robert (2008). Jagdverband 44 : Squadron of Experten. Aviation Elite Units. 28. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-294-3. Retrieved 27 November 2017.

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