Jagera, also written Yagarr, Yaggera, Yuggera, Yugarabul and Yugaapul is a tribe of Australian Aboriginal people which inhabited the territories from Moreton Bay to Toowoomba including the city of Brisbane (including Ipswich) before European settlement of Australia. The Jagera are interchangeable with the Turrbal, a different name used of roughly the same groups, but referring strictly speaking to a Jagera dialect.
This group is one of the traditional custodians of the land over which much of Brisbane is built.
Yaggera is classified as belonging to the Durubalic subgroup of the Pama–Nyungan languages, but is also treated as the general name for the languages of the Brisbane area of which Turrbal has historically been considered a dialect. The Australian English word 'yakka' (loosely meaning 'work', as in 'hard yakka') came from the Jagera language (yaga, 'strenuous work').
The Yagara language was identified in Petrie on page 319 of his "Reminiscences" recorded by his daughter Constance, by the traditional language identifier, the word for "no". Their association with central Brisbane is established by the word for Brisbane, being recorded by Petrie as "Mianjin". Mianjin is the spike of land from North Quay to Breakfast Creek, and was also known, as was the tribe there, as Miguntyun. Ludwig Leichhardt's Diaries 1842-1843 on page 253 record Miguntyun as "Megandsin" as the name for the land holding area from Brisbane CBD to Breakfast Creek and the people who spoke the Yuggara Yugarabul language.
Also wikisearch "Chepara Yugarapul" for an alternative understanding.
According to Watson, the Jagera-related peoples in the Chepara tribe inhabited the territories from Moreton Bay to Toowoomba to the west, nearly to Nanango in the north west, and encompassing Jimna and its surrounding forests, where their traditional lands adjoined those of the Waka Wakka and the Gubbi Gubbi (also Kabi Kabi or Gabi Gabi). Subgroups of the Chepara have identified with distinct areas including those concentrated in the Fassifern and Lockyer Creek areas. The Yugambeh and the Bundjalung people bordered them on the south. On 25 July 2017, the Full Federal Court decided on appeals of the Turrbal People and the Yugara People, rejecting both appeals and confirming the 2015 decision that native title does not exist in the greater Brisbane area.
- Meebatboogan, Mount Greville, Moogerah Peaks National Park.
- Cooyinnirra, Mount Mitchell, Main Range National Park.
- Booroongapah, Flinders Peak, Teviot Range.
- Ginginbaar, Mount Blaine, Teviot Range.
- Desmond Sandy
- Ruth James
- Pearl Sandy
- Neville Bonner, former Australian senator, was a Jagera tribal elder.
- Jeannie Bell, Australian linguist.
- Faye Carr, 2017 National NAIDOC Awards Winner Female Elder of the Year
- Latia Schefe, 2017 National NAIDOC Awards Winner Youth of the Year
- Susan, originally Bunjoey, daughter of Moonpago.
- Watson 1944.
- Crump 2015.
- Howitt 1904.
- Dixon, Ramson & Thomas 2006, p. 42.
- Dixon, Ramson & Thomas 2006, p. 209.
- Petrie & Petrie 1904.
- The Queenslander 1934, p. 13.
- Erdos 1967, pp. 102–104.
- Steele 2015, p. 85.
- Singleton & Testro 2017.
- CCW 2017.
- Carseldine 2017.
- NNTT 2015.
- AustLII 2015.
- Rolls & Johnson 2010, p. 38.
- Russo 2015, p. 215.
- Queensland Govt 2017.
- Morelli 2017.
- Zhou 2017.
- ABC News 2017.
- The Courier-Mail 1947, p. 2.
- The Telegraph 1936, p. 11.
- "Aboriginal Language". The Queenslander. Brisbane. 18 January 1934. p. 13. Retrieved 27 October 2017 – via Trove.
- Bell, Edin (1946). Legends of the Coochin Valley. Bunyip Press – via Trove.
- Carseldine, Amy (18 September 2017). "Negative determination of native title over Brisbane upheld". Crown Law (Queensland Govt). Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Crump, Des (16 March 2015). "Aboriginal languages of the Greater Brisbane Area". Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Dixon, R. M. W.; Ramson, W.S.; Thomas, Mandy (2006). Australian Aboriginal Words in English: Their Origin and Meaning (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-54073-4.
- Erdos, Renee (1967). Leichhardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (1813–1849). Australian Dictionary of Biography (2: 1788–1850 I-Z ed.). Melbourne: Australian National University. pp. 102–104. ISBN 0-522-84236-4.
- "Full Federal Court determines native title does not exist over a large part of greater Brisbane". Corrs Chambers Westgarth. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Howitt, A. W. (Alfred William) (1904). The native tribes of South-East Australia. Robarts - University of Toronto. London: Macmillan.
- "Last of Her Tribe-- Ugaraphul Princess Buried At Coochin". The Telegraph. 30 May 1936. p. 11. Retrieved 19 May 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Meadows, Michael (2001). Voices in the Wilderness: Images of Aboriginal People in the Australian Media. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-31566-4.
- "Mills takes out Person of the Year at NAIDOC Awards". ABC News. 2 July 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- Morelli, Laura (3 July 2017). "This Yuggera Grandmother of 47 scores Female Elder of the year award at NAIDOC". NITV. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- Petrie, Constance Campbell; Petrie, Tom (1904). Tom Petrie's reminiscences of early Queensland (dating from 1837). Cornell University Library. Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson & co.
- "QCD2015/001 - Yugara/YUgarapul People and Turrbal People". National Native Title Tribunal. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Queenslanders Honoured at National NAIDOC Awards". Queensland Government. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- Rolls, Mitchell; Johnson, Murray (2010). Historical Dictionary of Australian Aborigines. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-810-87475-6.
- Russo, Katherine E. (2015). "Semantic Change: Intersubjectivity and Social Knowledge in the Sydney Morning Herald". In Calabrese, Rita; Chambers, J. K.; Leitner, Gerhard. Variation and Change in Postcolonial Contexts. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 209–227. ISBN 978-1-443-88493-8.
- Sandy on behalf of the Yugara People v State of Queensland (No 2)  FCA 15 (27 January 2015), Federal Court (Australia).
- Singleton, Scott; Testro, Nick (26 July 2017). "Full Federal Court confirms native title does not exist over greater Brisbane". King & Wood Mallesons. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Steele, John Gladstone (2015). Aboriginal Pathways: in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 978-0-702-25742-1.
- "This Week'S Book Reviews". The Courier-Mail (3168). Brisbane. 18 January 1947. p. 2. Retrieved 19 May 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Watson, F. J. (1944). "Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland: with grammatical notes thereof and some notes on manners and customs, also, a list of Aboriginal place names and their derivations". Journal of The Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. Brisbane. 48 (34). OCLC 682056722. Retrieved 31 October 2017 – via Trove.
- Zhou, Naaman (1 July 2017). "Naidoc awards: Dianne Ryder, Ollie George and Patty Mills among winners". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 3 July 2017.