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A View from Iveks Caffe - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Jagodina
Coat of arms of Jagodina
Coat of arms
Location of Jagodina within Serbia
Location of Jagodina within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°58′N 21°15′E / 43.967°N 21.250°E / 43.967; 21.250Coordinates: 43°58′N 21°15′E / 43.967°N 21.250°E / 43.967; 21.250
Country Serbia
District Pomoravlje
City status December 2007
Settlements 53
 • Mayor Ratko Stevanović (JS)
 • Ruling parties JS-SPS-PUPS
 • Urban 470 km2 (180 sq mi)
Elevation 111 m (364 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City proper Increase 43,311
 • Urban Increase 76,712
 • Urban density 153/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 35000
Area code +381 35
Car plates JA
Website www.jagodina.org.rs

Jagodina (Serbian Cyrillic: Јагодина [jâɡodina]) is a city located in Serbia, 136 kilometres (85 miles) south of Belgrade, on the banks of Belica River. Its name derives from the word for strawberry (Јагода) in Serbian. It is the administrative centre of the Pomoravlje District of Serbia. The city proper has a population of 43,311 inhabitants, while administrative area has a population of 76,712. Jagodina was given the status of a city in December 2007.


The town was first mentioned in 1399 as "Jagodna", derived from the Serbian word for 'strawberry' - Jagoda. From 1946 to 1992 the town was renamed Svetozarevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозарево, [sʋetozǎːreʋo]) after the 19th-century Serbian socialist Svetozar Marković.


Further information: History of Serbia

Early history[edit]

"Juhor-type" gold bracelets dating from the Middle Bronze Age have been found in Trcevac. Remains of a Bronze Age settlement were found in a part of town called Sarina Međa. In the village of Belica, near Jagodina, the Europe's oldest sanctuary is found. In the early Neolithic settlement, the world's largest collection of prehistoric artefacts was found, with nearly a 100 manlike figures made of stone, bones and clay, about 8000 years old. Geophysical research in 2012. in the area of Belica uncovered a prehistoric settlement, surrounded by a circular trench that has a 75-metre-long (246 ft) diameter. Inside that circle, triangular, trapezoid and circular shaped foundations of monumental structures were found, unlike any found in other early Neolithic settlements.

Ancient times[edit]

On top of Juhor mountain there was a Celtic oppidum, and in the village of Novo Lanište a Triballi settlement. With the Roman conquest of 74 BCE, the territory of today's Jagodina fell under the Roman authority. Romans had a castle on the hill known as Đurđevo Brdo, and a settlement beneath it. Ad Octavium was a spot on the military road upon which the village Drazmirovac stands today.

Мedieval history[edit]

Coins of Emperor Phokas and Constantine IV from 643/4 and fibulae have been found in the region, as well as Early Slavic pottery dating to the 6th century.[3] In 1183 Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja liberated the areas of Belica, Levač and Lepenica from the rule of Byzantine Empire. Jagodina was situated in the Belica county. Jagodina was first mentioned in 1399 in a letter to Princess Milica (the wife of Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović). Its second recorded mention was in 1411, when the Parliament was held there. After the year 1458, Jagodina falls into the hands of the Ottoman Empire. During the second half of the 15th century, in the Ottoman Empire's tax registers, a certain Miloš Belmužević is mentioned as the landlord of Jagodina. He later fled to Hungary.

Ottoman period[edit]

During the middle of the 16th century Jagodina becomes a feud of a Dervish-bey Jahjapašić. A large mosque is built there in 1555, and sometime latter, another one. Jagodina had two caravan stations and a public bathroom. In Jagodina, by the command of Dervish-bey, certain German clockmaker built a clock tower, which was a rarity in Ottoman Empire at the time. In 1553-1557 the travelers refer to Jagodina as a beautiful settlement with 4 caravan stations and two mosques. In it lived more of sipahis and Ottoman soldiers, and less Christian Serbs. It had a Turkish school. With the status of a palanka (small town), Jagodina is mentioned in 1620, as a small stop on the road to Istanbul. In the year 1660, a traveler named Evlija Čelebija states that the town has 1500 houses and that the entire population is made of Christians that were converted to Islam. In the middle of the 17th century Jagodina gets its own bedesten. After the Austrian-Turkish war (1716-1718), Jagodina becomes the capital of the District of Jagodina. According to Austrian register in 1721. Jagodina had 162 families living in it. After the new Austrian-Turkish war (1737-1739), Serbia is back under the Ottoman rule.

Modern history[edit]

During the Serbian Revolution (1804–1817), when Serbs began their uprising against the centuries-long Ottoman rule, Jagodina was a scene of numerous battles, given the town's strategic importance within Serbia proper. Following the Ottoman defeat and re-establishment of the Kingdom of Serbia, Jagodina experienced a period of relative industrial and civic development. From 1929 to 1941, Jagodina was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Jagodina was heavily industrialized and underwent a period of planned expansion and growth within communist Yugoslavia.


The City of Jagodina includes the following settlements:


Historical population
of Jagodina (proper)
Year Pop. ±%
1837 5,220 —    
1866 4,429 −15.2%
1900 4,765 +7.6%
1931 6,950 +45.9%
1948 9,297 +33.8%
1953 12,270 +32.0%
1961 19,872 +62.0%
1971 27,658 +39.2%
1981 35,488 +28.3%
1991 37,560 +5.8%
2002 35,589 −5.2%
2011 37,282 +4.8%
Source: Становништво, национална или етничка припадност, подаци по насељима, Републички завод за статистику
Circle frame.svg

National structure (2002)

  Serbs (96.06%)
  Romani (1.37%)
  Others (2.57%)

According to the 2011 census, ethnic groups in the City of Jagodina include 68,898 Serbs, 764 Roma, 136 Vlachs, 109 Montenegrins, 78 Macedonians, 67 Yugoslavs, and others.

In the aftermath of the Serbian independence regained from the Turks in the early 19th century, Turkish families moved out of Jagodina. The last Turkish family left Jagodina in 1832, and the town has been ethnically homogenous (Serbian) ever since. By 1837 Jagodina had 5,220 inhabitants, while Serbia proper had a population of 41,374. In the 1866 census, there were 4,429 citizens. In 1876 Jagodina was still an agricultural town with 91.88% of the population being in some way associated with agriculture.

By the 1930s Jagodina had 6,950 citizens, and by the 1960s the town had 19,769 inhabitants. By 1971 the number grew to 27,500. In the previous census held in 1991 the Jagodina municipality had 77,000 citizens while the town itself had 36,000. In the last census from 2002, the Jagodina municipality had 70,894 residents and Jagodina town 35,589. It was given the status of a city in December 2007.


Ratko Stevanović, vice president of United Serbia party, is the mayor of Jagodina. He was elected in May 2012. President of City Assembly is Dragan Marković Palma, who was mayor of Jagodina 2004-2012.





  • Museum of Jagodina
  • Museum of Naïve and Marginal Art
  • Wax Museum

Movie theatres[edit]

Jagodina has one smaller movie theatres, that doubling as a theatre with some 400 seats.


Jagodina opened its zoo on July 10, 2006, at a cost of 30 million Serbian dinars. The municipality invested 40% and donors provided 60% of the costs while the biggest donor was the Belgrade Zoo. The zoo is located in the complex of the city park "Đurđevo brdo", a designated nature park, with an area of 20,074 square meters. It has pedestrian zones for children, the old and disabled persons, and generally a high-quality infrastructure.

The Jagodina Zoo is the third largest in Serbia, next to Belgrade and Palić. It currently houses some 100 different species of animals.

Artificial waterfall[edit]

Jagodina built the largest artificial waterfall in the Balkans in 2014-2015. It is 8 meters high, and 12 meters wide, and at night the colors on the water change to different hues. The waterfall is in the city park where outdoor performances are held in the summer; it is part of a larger plan of reconstruction of the city. In the decade of 2005-2015, the city has progressed as a tourist destination.Plans have been made to reconstruct all of the parks in the city and the city center.

Aqua Park[edit]

Aqua Park in Jagodina

Jagodina recently opened an Aqua Park on July 24, 2007. Its opening attracted many people from Belgrade and other larger cities. Musical performers attend the opening.

Vivo shopping park[edit]

Vivo shopping park,opened 19,September 2014. It spreads across 25,000 square meters,while the buildings themselves occupy 10,000 square meters.They contain around 33 stores which sell international and domestic products. Vivo shopping park attracts people not only from the local region, but from several other cities as well, including Belgrade.


When the Aqua Park and Zoo opened, the tourism rate in Jagodina started to rise exponentially. More attractions were added in order to increase tourism. In April 2015, a new artificial waterfall was opened in the park "Potok". It was constructed in only twelve days, spanning the height of twelve meters. It is one of the longest waterfalls in Serbia, and it cost around 7 million dinars to complete. Jagodina attracted around 500,000 people in 2014 and 2015, and that number is expected to increase in the future. Besides those attractions, the city has a stadium and a sport centre, which provide space for sporting events.


The first primary school in Jagodina was opened in 1808. Today, there are 11 primary schools in Jagodina of which 6 are in the city and five are in the rural area, with 36 regional offices. There are also 4 secondary schools and two universities, one public (founded in 1898) and one private (Megatrend University).


Jagodina Brewery founded in 1852

Jagodina was heavily industrialized following World War II. The biggest factory in Jagodina is the cable factory. The Cable Factory Jagodina (FKS) was founded in 1947 and regular production started in 1955. In addition to cables, FKS produces connectors and similar cable products. FKS employs about 8,000 workers, and it is the biggest Serbian cable factory. 50% of the total Serbian production of the cable industry is produced in Jagodina. FKS is one of the biggest Serbian exporters of cable products. About ⅔ of its production is placed on the foreign market, representing more than 60% of the total exports of the Serbian cable industry.

Other bigger factories include:

  • FKS Cable factory[4]
  • Jagodina Brewery (since 1852)
  • "Juhor" meat industry[5]
  • FEMAN - Cable accessories factory[6]
  • Metalka Majur - Cable accessories factory[7]
  • Biro inzenjering - Construction company[8]
  • Confezioni Andrea - Car cover factory


In the village of Lozovik there is an onyx mine, which is currently not functional.



Total length of roads in the City of Jagodina is 248 km (154 miles). There are 5 regional roads, 86 km (53 mi) long and 32 local roads, 162 km (101 mi) long. Except for the international highway E-75 (section Belgrade - Nis), which goes by the city for about 30 km (19 mi), there are no other major roads here. As for the roads of regional significance, the following pass through the city:

  • R.108 Ćuprija - Svilajnac
  • R.110 Kragujevac - Svilajnac
  • R.214 Kruševac - Paraćin - Lapovo (the old route of "Istanbul Road")
  • R.217 from Gilja to Varvarin and Kruševac
  • R.218 from regional road R.214 towards Rekovac


An electric double-track railway goes through Jagodina which connects Central Europe with Southern Europe and Asia.Total length of railway network in the city is 34 km (21 mi), of which 28 km (17 mi) are electric. Railway stations in Jagodina are:


The Jagodina Airport is situated in the close vicinity of Jagodina, about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of town centre. Jagodina Mayor Dragan Markovic Palma said on 16 January 2015 that Jagodina will get new airport and it will finish for 3 year.

Important dates in Jagodina[edit]

  • 1399 - The first mention of Jagodina
  • 1737 - Declaration of war against the Turks take place in Jagodina
  • 1808 - First primary school opened in Jagodina
  • 1846 - Glass factory opened in Jagodina called "Avramovac". It was the first glass factory in Serbia.
  • 1884 - First railway station built in Jagodina.
  • 1999 - Jagodina bombed by NATO forces

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Jagodina is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]



External links[edit]