Jaguar XK (X100)
Jaguar XK8 coupé
|Designer||Geoff Lawson (1992)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Grand tourer (S)|
|Body style||2-door coupé
|Related||Aston Martin DB7|
|Engine||4.0 L AJ26/27 V8
4.0 L AJ26S SC V8
4.2 L AJ34 V8
4.2 L AJ34S SC V8
ZF 5HP24 (NA models) 1997-2002
Mercedes-Benz W5A580 5G-Tronic (Supercharged models only) 1998-2002
ZF 6HP26 2002-2005
|Wheelbase||101.9 inches (2,590 mm)|
|Length||1997–2004: 187.4 inches (4,760 mm)
2005-06: 4,775 mm (188.0 in)
|Width||1997–2004: 1,830 mm (72.0 in)
2005–2006: 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
|Height||1997–1998 Coupe & 1999–2006 XK8 Convertible: 1,295 mm (51.0 in)
1997–98 Convertible: 1,305 mm (51.4 in)
XKR Convertible: 1,288 mm (50.7 in)
1999–2006 XK8 Coupe: 1,283 mm (50.5 in)
XKR Coupe: 1,278 mm (50.3 in)
|Successor||Jaguar XK (X150)|
The Jaguar XK8 (project code X100) is a grand tourer car that was launched by Jaguar Cars in 1996, and was the first generation of a new XK series. The XK8 was available in coupé or convertible body styles and with the new 4.0-litre Jaguar AJ-V8 engine. In 1998 the XKR was introduced with a supercharged version of the engine. 2003 the engines were replaced by the 4.2-litre AJ34 engines in both the normally aspirated and supercharged versions. The first-generation XK series shares its platform with the Aston Martin DB7. Both cars are derived from the Jaguar XJS, though the platform has been extensively changed. One of the revisions is the use of the second generation of Jaguar's independent rear suspension unit, taken from the XJ40. Development began in 1992, with design work starting earlier in late 1991. By October 1992 a design was chosen and later frozen for production in 1993. Prototypes were built from December 1993 after the X100 was given formal approval and design patents were filed in June 1994. Development concluded in 1996.
Power and performance
Both the XK8 and XKR are electronically limited to a maximum of 155.4 mph (250.1 km/h). The XK8 came standard with 17-inch alloy wheels, while 18-inch (Standard on the XKR), 19-inch, and 20-inch wheels are available for additional cost. Jaguar's Adaptive Cruise Control is an optional feature available on both models. Both come with all-leather interior, burl walnut trim, and side airbags. Jeremy Clarkson, during a Top Gear test-drive, likened the interior of the original XK8 to sitting inside Blenheim Palace. In 2004, the grille design of the XKR was refreshed.
Initially the ZF 5HP24 five-speed automatic transmission was coupled to the conventionally aspirated 4.0-litre model and a Mercedes W5A580 five-speed transmission to the Supercharged version, but in 2002 the new ZF 6HP26 six-speed automatic transmission was fitted in both versions of the 4.2-litre model.
Only 100 Silverstone models were made in Phase I and II (model year 2000 - 01, 50 Coupé, 50 Convertible original and 75 Coupé and 175 Convertible models in more), in celebration of Jaguar's return to F1 racing in 2001. It featured high gloss paint finish, specific badges and tread plates,a high-performance package (with the same engine as the standard XKR, but improved transmission, steering, suspension and brakes), 20-inch Silver BBS wheels and a custom interior (red-stitched black leather and birds-eye maple wood) . All possible factory options were included, to the exception of the telephone and the navigation system, which had to be ordered separately.
Built to celebrate the centenary of Jaguar's founder, 500 'XKR 100' coupes and convertibles combined total were made in 2002. The XKR 100 featured all the available optionals and an Anthracite paint finish, Recaro seats, 20-inch BBS alloy wheels, Brembo brakes, specific dark wood dashboard panels and GPS. As it was produced only after 2001 all the engines were fitted with upgraded metal chain tensioners and fuel pump, solving the common engine failures due to the weakness of plastic and semi-plastic tensioners.
The convertible-only Portfolio models featured either red paint with matching Recaro sports seats and interior, or blue paintwork and interiors.
In Europe the 4.2-S was unveiled at Geneva on 1 March 2005. This was the last XK to be rolled out that was based upon the original 1996 design. Features for the 4.2-S included new exterior and interior colours and two distinct veneer options for the instrument panel, polished door treadplates with chequered-flag emblems and embossed, leather-edged floor mats. The revised white Jaguar badge on the bonnet also feature chequered accents. New 20-inch Atlas wheels plus cross-drilled Brembo brake discs, red wheel badges and red brake callipers were also fitted.
Jaguar also produced a concept car called the XKR-R which was very similar to the production XKR, but boasting a more powerful 450 bhp (340 kW) engine, a manual or auto gearbox, a limited-slip differential and improved handling.
Introduced at the 2005 Los Angeles International Auto Show, the Victory Edition was offered in model year 2006, to "celebrate Jaguar's four championship wins in the North American Trans-Am road racing series and add to a successful lineage of special and limited edition XKs introduced since its launch," according to Jaguar's press statement. The statement went on to explain that "All four XK models – XK8 Coupe and Convertible and supercharged XKR Coupe and Convertible – will be offered as ‘Victory’ editions when the line-up goes on sale next summer. The new exterior styling changes introduced for the 2005 models continue to give the car a bolder, more aggressive and more muscular look." The Victory Edition was offered in all standard XK colours, plus four unique Victory Edition colours: Black Copper Metallic, Frost Blue Metallic, Bay Blue Metallic and Satin Silver Metallic. Victory Editions offered carbon fibre interior trim on XKR models, and a new Elm wood veneer on the XK8 models. Victory Editions also received special badging and accents. The "growler" badge on the hood (bonnet) had a unique checkered-flag background, and door sill plates featured checkered-flag emblems. Production of Victory Edition models was 1,050 cars.
Between 1995 and 2005, Jaguar built 90,064 XK:
- 19,748 XK8 coupe
- 46,760 XK8 convertible
- 9,661 XKR coupe
- 13,895 XKR convertible
- Popular Science - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Winter Communication Design (8 November 2010). "XK8 und XKR (X100) - Entwicklungsgeschichte". XKJaguar. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- "The Auto Channel-JAGUAR REDESIGNS ITSELF AS IT DESIGNS THE XK8". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Top Gear, Series Four, Episode Five
- "Centenary Jags up for grabs". Coventry Telegraph. 20 August 2001. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- "Jaguar-enthusiasts.org.uk". jaguar-enthusiasts.org.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- "Jaguar XK Victory 2005 Los Angeles Auto Show". Car and Driver. January 2005. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "2006 Jaguar XK Victory Edition". Car.com. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- [dead link]
Media related to Jaguar XK (X100) at Wikimedia Commons
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|Grand tourer||XJ-S||XJ-S HE||XJS||XK8 / XKR (X100)||XK / XKR (X150)|
|Compact executive car||X-Type (X400)||XE (X760)|
|Executive car||S-Type (X200-X202-X204-X206)||XF / XFR (X250)||XF (X260)|
|Full-size luxury car||XJ6 S1/S2/S3||XJ6 (XJ40)||XJ6 (X300)||XJ8 (X308)||XJ8 (X350)||XJ / XJR (X351)|
|XJ12 S1/S2/S3||XJ12 (XJ81)||XJ12 (X305)|
|Sports car||F-Type (X152)|
|Crossover SUV||F-Pace (X761)|
|Racing car||XJRs||C||R1/2/3/4/5||XKR GT3/GT2|
|Ownership||BL||Independent||Ford (PAG)||Tata Motors|