Jahrom

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Jahrom

جهرم
City
from left to right : Jahrom bazaar-a palm garden-ghadamgah-sangshekanan cave-south star twin towers-a Panoramic view of the city
from left to right : Jahrom bazaar-a palm garden-ghadamgah-sangshekanan cave-south star twin towers-a Panoramic view of the city
Jahrom is located in Iran
Jahrom
Jahrom
Coordinates: 28°30′00″N 53°33′38″E / 28.50000°N 53.56056°E / 28.50000; 53.56056Coordinates: 28°30′00″N 53°33′38″E / 28.50000°N 53.56056°E / 28.50000; 53.56056
Country Iran
ProvinceFars
CountyJahrom
BakhshCentral
Population
(2016 Census)
 • Urban
141,634 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Jahrom (Persian: جهرم‎, also known as Jahrūm)[2] is a city and capital of Jahrom County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 114,208, in 25,946 families.[3]

Jahrom is located 170 kilometres (110 mi) southeast of Shiraz, the capital of Fars Province. The majority of people in Jahrom are Persians. Many tropical and sub-tropical plants are grown in Jahrom (i.e. palm date, citrus ,and wheat).

Name[edit]

Based on Ahmad Kasravi, the late Iranian historians and philologist, the name Jahrom can be analyzed to render a "warm-place". But a more satisfactory etymology interprets the name as a "green-place".[4]

History[edit]

Ghadamgah in Jahrom

Jahrom's history goes back some 2500 years when the Achaemenids established the Persian Empire. The Sassanid monument of Qadamgāh is located to the south-east of the city 190 km from Shiraz, experts believe the monument was constructed during the late Sasanian dynastic era (224-651 AD), and it was a Zoroastrian shrine, probably a fire temple. The monument was registered in Iran’s National Heritage list in 1956 but sadly the site in danger as the result of unprofessional restorations. Jahrom is the birthplace of Barbod, who became the main lyricist and musician in the court of the great Sassanid king Khosrau II(Parviz).

Climate[edit]

In a 24-years period research, it is expressed that the coldest month is January with 10.42 °C average temperature and the hottest month is July with 33.16 °C average temperature. yearly average temperature is 21.78 °C.[5]

Climate data for Jahrom
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20
(68)
23
(73)
27
(81)
34
(93)
37
(99)
41
(106)
42
(108)
40
(104)
39
(102)
33
(91)
30
(86)
24
(75)
42
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(63)
23
(73)
29
(84)
34
(93)
36
(97)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
19
(66)
13
(55)
36
(97)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
7
(45)
12
(54)
17
(63)
22
(72)
24
(75)
23
(73)
19
(66)
13
(55)
7
(45)
4
(39)
1
(34)
Record low °C (°F) −12
(10)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
−2
(28)
7
(45)
11
(52)
16
(61)
13
(55)
7
(45)
3
(37)
−5
(23)
−5
(23)
−12
(10)
Source: my forecast[6]

Demographics[edit]

The main ethnic group in Jahrom constitutes of Persians (including the Basseri), while Turks, Lurs, and Arabs constitute minorities who have usually nomadic life or descent. [7]Due to the geographical characteristics of Jahrom ,specially good Rangeland for nomads, Jahrom has long been a residing area for these nomadic peoples.

Economic[edit]

a palm garden in Jahrom

Jahrom's economic is based on agriculture. there are 350,000 palm trees and 5.3 million citrus trees in Jahrom which makes Jahrom an agricultural pole in Iran.

Jahrom also has several factories including flour, dairy, brick, rug, plaster, plastic, jam, lemon juice, macaroni and cake factory.[8]

Infrastructures[edit]

  • Jahrom combined cycle power plant
  • Jahrom Petrochemistry
  • Jahrom especial economic zone
  • Jahrom economic town
  • Kosar economic town[9]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Jahrom University of Medical Sciences nursing and paramedical school

universities in city iclude :

Health[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Peymanieh hospital
  • Motahhari hospital
  • Seyyedoshshohada hospital[10]

Health houses[edit]

Jahrom has 65 health houses.

Transport and communications[edit]

Communication roads[edit]

The most important roads in Jahrom are:

  • Jahrom-Shiraz highway
  • Jahrom-Lar road
  • Jahrom-Fasa road
  • Jahrom-Ghir road
  • Jahrom-Khavaran-Sarvestan road
  • Jahrom-Hakan road
  • Jahrom-Simakan-Meymand road[11][12]

Airport[edit]

Jahrom Airport, established in 1969, has weekly flights to Tehran Mehrabad Airport.[13]

Railway[edit]

There is an under construction railway project Connecting Shiraz to Bandar abbas which will have a astation in Jahrom.[14]

Bus terminal[edit]

Shahid Rahmanian is the only bus terminal in Jahrom with daily buses to Shiraz, Tehran, Bandar abbas, etc.

Notable Jahromis[edit]

  • Barbad, one of the first musicians in the world
  • ModernFA International Group, International Researchers in the world

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Jahrom can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3067522" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ http://www.jahrom.org/htmls/history.html
  5. ^ Persian wikipedia
  6. ^ Jahrom climate
  7. ^ P. Oberling, "FĀRS vii. Ethnography", Encyclopaedia Iranica>"FĀRS vii. Ethnography". 31 May 2014.
  8. ^ Persian wikipedia
  9. ^ http://www.idro.ir/fa-ir/ActivityScopes/EconomicZones/Pages/Jahrom.aspx
  10. ^ Hospitals of Fars province
  11. ^ IRIB news
  12. ^ IRNA
  13. ^ Tehran-Jahrom flights
  14. ^ Milad Larestan magazine

External links[edit]