Jahula

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jahula
Jahula is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jahula
Jahula
Arabic جاحولا
Name meaning Ain Jahula=The spring of the large rock[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°07′28.33″N 35°34′02.55″E / 33.1245361°N 35.5673750°E / 33.1245361; 35.5673750Coordinates: 33°07′28.33″N 35°34′02.55″E / 33.1245361°N 35.5673750°E / 33.1245361; 35.5673750
Palestine grid 203/281
Population 420[2] (1945)
Area 3869[2] dunams
Date of depopulation May, 1948[3]

Jahula (Arabic: جاحولا‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 1, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach. It was located 11 km northeast of Safad.

In 1945, the village had a population of 420. The village had one mosque and a shrine for a local sage known as al-Shaykh Salih.

Location[edit]

Jahula was situated in the foothills of the Galilee Mountains overlooking the Hula Valley plain, by the Tiberias—al-Mutilla highway.[4]

History[edit]

The Jahula area had been occupied from the seventh through the third millennium B.C., according to archaeological excavations conducted in 1986.[4] Pottery remains from the Roman and Byzantine periods have also been found in the area.[5]

Jahula was recorded in the Ottoman census of 1596 as belonging to the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira under the liwa' (district) of Safad, and at the time it had a small population of 28 inhabitants. They paid taxes on crops such as wheat and barley, and reared goats, bees, and water buffalos.[6]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Ain Jahula "a large perennial spring, with a stream flowing to the march of the Huleh; a large supply of good water".[7]

The villagers of Jahula were predominantly Muslim and worshipped at a local mosque, situated approximately 1 km north of the village site. A shrine there was dedicated to Shaykh Salih, a local religious preacher.[4] The houses in the village were made of masonry.[4]

Most villagers were engaged in agriculture, and a spring located on the north side of the village supplied the people of Jahula with drinking water.[4]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jahula had a population of 214; all Muslims,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 357; still all Muslims, in a total of 90 houses.[9]

In 1945, Jahula had a population of 420, with 3,869 dunums of land, according to an official land and population survey.[2] 1,626 dunums were allocated to grain farming,[4][10] while 64 dunams were classified as urban land.[11]

Some villagers were also employed in the stone quarries north of the village.[4]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

Yiftach Brigade erecting fencing. Jahula. 1948
Yiftach Brigade defensive positions. Jahula. 1948

Jahula was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 1, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach.[4][12] Benny Morris writes that the cause of depopulation is unknown, while the American Historian Rosemarie Esber gives as depopuation cause: "Direct mortar attacks on civilians, siege, shooting at fleeing Arabs".[12]

Presently, the Israeli Kibbutz of Yiftach is 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) northwest of the village site; there are no settlements on village lands.[4]

Of the village site the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi wrote in 1992: "The only remains of the destroyed village are a few stone terraces. The site is enclosed by barbed wire, and cactuses and trees grow on it. The village spring is still in use by Israelis. Parts of the village land are planted in cotton and watermelons, while other parts are wooded and hilly.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 62
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 70
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #23. Morris gives date and cause of depopulation with a questionmark
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Khalidi, 1992, p.457
  5. ^ Mokary, 2009, Yiftah Final Report
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 178. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 457
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 212
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 107
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 119
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 169
  12. ^ a b Esber, 2008, p.391, village #158

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]