Jai Hind

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the nationalist greeting used in India. For the Indian newspaper of the same name, see Jai Hind (newspaper).
An old building in Katni built in commemoration of India's freedom, with statues of Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohandas K. Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose, with "Jai Hind" written in Roman letters and Devanagari script.

Jai Hind is a salutation, slogan, and battle cry most commonly used in India to indicate patriotism towards India (also known as Hind). It translates roughly to "Victory to India"[1] or "Long live India".[2] The term was coined by Major Abid Hasan Safrani of the Indian National Army as a shortened version of Jai Hindustan Ki and apparently popularised by Chembakaraman Pillai.[3][4]

In popular culture[edit]

The book "Jai Hind" authored by Ramchandra Moreshwar Karkare

A follower of Indian nationalist Subhas Chandra Bose, Ramchandra Moreshwar Karkare, of Gwalher (Gwalior) Madhya Bharat, wrote a patriotic drama Jai Hind in March 1947 and published a book in Hindi, with the same title. Later, Karkare became Congress president of Central India Province.[citation needed]

Indian commemorative post-mark of "Jai Hind"

The Jai Hind postmark was the first commemorative postmark of Independent India, and was issued on the day of independence, 15 August 1947.[citation needed]

The phrase is used on All India Radio at the end of a broadcast.[citation needed] It occurs in the patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo" sung by Lata Mangeshkar in 1963.[5]

Mahatma Gandhi sent a piece of crocheted, cotton lace made from yarn personally spun by himself, with the central motif Jai Hind, to British Royal couple Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip as a wedding gift in 1947.[6]

The phrase has also given its name to

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chopra, Pram Nath (2003). A comprehensive history of modern India. Sterling Publishing. p. 283. ISBN 81-207-2506-9. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  2. ^ James, Lawrence (1997). The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. Macmillan. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-312-16985-5. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Leonard A. Gordon (1990). Brothers Against the Raj. Columbia University Press. 
  4. ^ "A tale of two cities". The Hindu. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Chaturvedi, Mamta (2004). Filmi & non-filmi songs. Diamond Pocket Books. p. 38. ISBN 81-288-0299-2. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 8, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ Jai Hind at the Internet Movie Database