Jai Hind

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Jai Hind (Hindi: जय हिन्द) (Bengali: জয় হিন্দ) is a salutation, slogan, and battle cry most commonly used in India to indicate patriotism towards India (also known as Hind). It translates roughly to "Victory to India"[1] or "Long live India".[2] The term was coined and was used by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose[3][4] of the Indian National Army as a shortened version of Jai Hindustan Ki.

In popular culture[edit]

A follower of Indian nationalist Subhas Chandra Bose, Ramchandra Moreshwar Karkare, of Gwalher (Gwalior) Madhya Bharat, wrote a patriotic drama Jai Hind in March 1947 and published a book in Hindi, with the same title. Later, Karkare became Congress president of Central India Province.[citation needed]

The Jai Hind postmark was the first commemorative postmark of Independent India, and was issued on the day of independence, 15 August 1947.[citation needed] "जय हिन्द" is also stated on the first, Independence series of Indian stamps.

The phrase is used on All India Radio at the end of a broadcast.[citation needed] It occurs in the patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo" sung by Lata Mangeshkar in 1963.[5]

Mahatma Gandhi sent a piece of crocheted, cotton lace made from yarn personally spun by himself, with the central motif Jai Hind, to British Royal couple Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip as a wedding gift in 1947.[6]

The phrase has also given its name to

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chopra, Pram Nath (2003). A comprehensive history of modern India. Sterling Publishing. p. 283. ISBN 81-207-2506-9. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
  2. ^ James, Lawrence (1997). The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. Macmillan. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-312-16985-5. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
  3. ^ Leonard A. Gordon (1990). Brothers Against the Raj. Columbia University Press.
  4. ^ "A tale of two cities". The Hindu. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  5. ^ Chaturvedi, Mamta (2004). Filmi & non-filmi songs. Diamond Pocket Books. p. 38. ISBN 81-288-0299-2.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 8, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Jai Hind on IMDb