Jai Singh Prabhakar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jai Singh Virendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Dharam Prabhakar
Maharaja of Alwar
Reign 1892–1937
Coronation 1892
Predecessor Mangal Singh Prabhakar Bahadur
Successor Tej Singh Prabhakar Bahadur
Born (1882-06-14)14 June 1882
Died 20 May 1937(1937-05-20) (aged 54)
Paris, France
Issue one daughter
House Kachwaha of Alwar
Father Mangal Singh Prabhakar Bahadur

Jai Singh Prabhakar GCSI GCIE (14 June 1882 – 19 May 1937) was a Maharaja of the princely state of Alwar from 1892 to 1937. The only son of the previous ruler, Sir Mangal Singh Prabhakar Bahadur. Sir Jai Singh initially was noted as brilliant, erudite and charming, however was later forced into exile. He died in 1937 at the age of 54. He was succeeded by a distant relative, Tej Singh Prabhakar Bahadur.

Biography[edit]

Jai Singh was born on 14 June 1882. He was educated in Mayo College, Ajmer, and by a private tutor.

As a ruler, Jai Singh took pride in his infantry regiments and had them sent to China during the anti-Christian uprising in China and in the following relief operations. It also served in the World War I; recognizing his services, he was awarded the GCIE in 1919.[1].

Jai Singh was a highly regarded Indian English orator and scholar.[2] He supported Hindu nationalism through organisations such as the Hindu Mahasabha and Kshatriya Mahasabha, however did not encourage and potentially opposed Mahatma Gandhi's Non-cooperation movement.[3] He lived a lavish lifestyle and spent treasury money on hunting and palaces such as Sariska Palace (now a tiger reserve and hotel).[2] He assisted the farming community with the construction of a number of bunds (irrigation dams).[2]

Rolls-Royce incident[edit]

Jai Singh was a connoisseur of cars. A popular story is that once while visiting a Rolls-Royce showroom in London in civilian attire, the Maharaja was snubbed. He returned in full regal dress and was given finer treatment and purchased the 7 cars on display. They were apparently used for garbage collection in his capital as a revenge for the original snub.[4][5]

Exile[edit]

After running treasury reserves down[2] and an emerging peasantry revolt,[6] culminating in a mass shooting in May 1925 by State police at Neemuchana where 156 people died, and about 600 wounded,[7] which Mahatma Gandhi compared alongside the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre,[2] eventually he was unable to control peasant opposition and sought the help of the British. Jai Singh was accused by the British of misrule.[8] Jai Singh was forced from admistrative rule with a British governor, Francis Verner Wylie taking administrative authority in 1933. He died in excile in Paris in 1937[9] and was given a state funeral in Alwar. He was survived by a daughter, who as per custom was unable to take the monarchy. No will was ever declared or made public, so an heir was selected by the Viceroy of India from a few distant relatives - Jai Singh's distant cousin Tej Singh was declared the next Maharaja by the Viceroy two months after Jai Singh's death. However administrative control never really fully returned to the monarch making Jai Singh the last effective Maharaja of Alwar.[2]

Titles[edit]

  • 1882-1892: Yuvaraja Shri Jai Singh Sahib, Yuvaraja Sahib of Alwar
  • 1892-1909: His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar
  • 1909-1911: His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, KCSI
  • 1911-1915: His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1915-1919: Hon Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, KCSI, KCIE
  • 1919-1921: Hon Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, GCIE, KCSI
  • 1921-1924: Hon Colonel His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, GCIE, KCSI
  • 1924-1937: Hon Colonel His Highness Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Jai Singh Veerendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Prabhakar Bahadur, Maharaja of Alwar, GCSI, GCIE

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maharaja of Alwar Dead". Malaya Tribune. 21 May 1937. p. 14. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f http://www.indiaofthepast.org/contribute-memories/read-contributions/life-back-then/535-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-princely-state-of-alwar
  3. ^ The Indian Princes and their States By Barbara N. Ramusack p.142
  4. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/expat/4193893/Bejewelled-carriageways.html
  5. ^ http://m.indiatvnews.com/amp/news/india/latest-news-maharaja-alwar-rolls-royce-cars-municipal-waste-33200.html/page/4
  6. ^ The Companion to British History By Charles Arnold-Baker p.691
  7. ^ Modern India 1885-1947 by Sumit Sarkar p.207
  8. ^ http://research-repository.uwa.edu.au/files/3216814/Groenhout_Fiona_Elizabeth_2007.pdf
  9. ^ B. Ramusack, The Princes of India, pp.179-180

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Maharaja Mangal Singh Prabhankar
Maharaja of Alwar
1892 – 1937
Succeeded by
Tej Singh Prabhakar Bahadur