Jaime, Duke of Braganza

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Jaime
Jaime I Braganca.jpg
Duke of Braganza
Tenure 20 June 1483 – 20 September 1532
Predecessor Fernando II
Successor Teodósio I
Born 1479
Vila Viçosa Castle, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 20 September 1532
Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Spouse
  • Leonor Pérez de Guzmán
  • Joana of Mendoça
Issue
House House of Braganza
Father Fernando II
Mother Isabella of Viseu
Religion Roman Catholicism

Jaime of Braganza (1479 – 20 September 1532) was the 4th Duke of Braganza and the 2nd Duke of Guimarães, among other titles. He is known for reviving the wealth and power of the House of Braganza which had been confiscated by King John II of Portugal.

Life[edit]

Born in 1479, Jaime I of Braganza was young when he witnessed the arrest and execution of his father, Fernando II, Duke of Braganza, and of his uncle, Diogo, Duke of Viseu and Duke of Beja. They were both executed for treason when King John II discovered a plot among the nobility against the Crown. After his father's death, Jaime's family, the House of Braganza, were banished to Castile and their properties and vast wealth were seized by the Portuguese Crown.

After King John II's death in 1495, the throne passed to his first cousin, King Manuel I of Portugal. In 1498, King Manuel I, having been a powerful nobleman before his ascension to the throne, forgave the House of Braganza and welcomed them back to Portugal. He returned all their possessions and then some, but demanded devout loyalty from Duke Jaime of Braganza. Seeking to demonstrate the power of the House of Braganza after his wealth was returned, Jaime declined to live at Vila Viçosa Castle (owing to its association with his father's betrayal and murder) and built the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa as his seat. It was a sumptuous Portuguese Renaissance palace in the Alentejo province of Portugal.

Royal favour[edit]

Later in 1498, King Manuel I was to go on a diplomatic journey to Castile. This was shortly after Portugal had witnessed a succession crisis, and the King, who had no heirs, saw to it that Parliament (the Cortes) named Jaime, son of his sister Isabella of Viseu, as heir presumptive to the throne of Portugal.

Duke Jaime married Leonor Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. She was murdered in 1512 by order of Jaime who suspected her of adultery. King Manuel I decided that his nephew Jaime, in order to escape imprisonment for this crime, would have to prepare and fully finance a fleet to conquer the city of Azamor, on the Moroccan Atlantic coast. The city was easily conquered by the Duke's forces and he returned to Portugal forgiven and a hero.

Marriages and children[edit]

In 1500, Jaime of Braganza had married Leonor Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. They had two children before she was murdered in 1512.

Name Birth Death Notes
Isabella of Braganza 1510 16 September 1576 Married Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães
Teodósio I of Braganza 1503 22 September 1563 12th Count of Barcelos, 9th Count of Ourém, 6th Count of Arraiolos and Neiva, 5th Duke of Braganza, 4th Marquis of Vila Viçosa

In 1520, Jaime I married Joana of Mendoça, daughter of Diogo of Mendonça, High-Alcaide of Mourão. They had eight children, most of whom saw successful lives.

Name Birth Death Notes
Joana of Braganza 1521 1588 Married Bernardino de Cardenas, 3rd Marquis of Elche
Jaime of Braganza 1523 1562 Clergyman
Eugénia of Braganza 1525 1559 Married Francisco de Melo, 2nd Marquis of Ferreira
Maria of Braganza 1527 1586 Abbess at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa
Constantino of Braganza 1528 1575 7th Viceroy of India, 9th Captain of Ribeira Grande
Fulgêncio of Braganza 1529 1582 Grand-Prior of the Collegiate of Guimarães
Teotónio of Braganza 1530 1602 Archbishop of Évora, Bishop of Fez, parliamentary member of the Portuguese Cortes of Tomar (1581) and Lisbon (1583)
Vicência of Braganza 1532 1603 Abbess at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • ”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. II, page 442 to 445. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.

External links[edit]

Media related to Jaime, Duke of Braganza at Wikimedia Commons

Jaime, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1479 Died: 1532
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Fernando II
Duke of Braganza and Guimarães;
Marquis of Vila Viçosa; Count of Barcelos,
Ourém, Neiva, and Arraiolos

1498–1532
Succeeded by
Teodósio I