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Jaime Hernandez at Heroes Con 2006. Gilbert Hernandez is visible on the left.
|Area(s)||Penciller, Inker, Writer|
|Love and Rockets|
Jaime Hernandez grew up in Oxnard, California. He is the youngest of his family, with four older brothers and one sister. His family embraced comics: their mother read them frequently and old issues were kept in large quantities in the house, to be read and re-read by all over the years. "We grew up with comics," Hernandez said. "I wanted to draw comics my whole life."
They read all types of comics and enjoyed those that gave a fairly realistic depiction of family life as well as the standard superhero adventures. Hernandez was particularly influenced by Hank Ketcham's Dennis the Menace and Dan DeCarlo's Archie' comics. The children in his otherwise rather realistic stories are often drawn to resemble Ketcham's, and Jaime's characters often strike very "DeCarlo-esque" poses. The work of Alex Toth, Charles Schulz, Jesse Marsh and Jack Kirby were also hugely influential.
Hernandez has a lifelong fascination with pro wrestling, especially women's wrestling, and it has been a regular part of his work. Hernandez has also been a lifelong punk rock fan. In addition to playing in bands himself it has been a constant element of his work. His heroine Maggie and her friends are almost all punk fans; he also has done a series of stories about the career of another main character (Hopey) as a bass player for a luckless punk band.
Jaime's main contribution to Love and Rockets is the ongoing serial narrative Locas which follows the tangled lives of a group of primarily Latina characters, from their teenage years in the early days of the California punk scene to the present day. The two central characters of Jaime's cast are Margarita Luisa "Maggie" Chascarrillo and Esperanza Leticia "Hopey" Glass, whose on-again, off-again, open romance is a focus for many Locas storylines. Early on, the stories switched back and forth between Maggie's sci-fi adventures journeying around the world and working as a "prosolar" mechanic repairing rocketships, and much more realistic stories of Maggie and her friends in a grungy, mostly Latin California neighborhood known as "Hoppers". Eventually Hernandez dropped almost all of the sci-fi elements, although he does still occasionally include references to the earlier stories and he still does very occasional short stories about superheroines, robots and other sci-fi genre elements.
The Hernandez brothers announced they were ending Love and Rockets with issue 50, and that they would be doing solo books from then on. For the next few years, both brothers released many solo books, with Jaime doing several books featuring his Locas characters (including Whoa Nellie, Penny Century, and Maggie and Hopey Color Fun) and Maggie generally occupying a supporting role. Eventually they resumed doing Love and Rockets and Maggie again took center stage, but instead of the large, magazine-style format of the original issues, the book was now released in a more traditional comic book format.
The entire Locas storyline to date was collected into one 700 page graphic novel in 2004.
Hernandez has been praised for the physical beauty of his female characters as well as their complex personalities, and for years he struggled to create comparably nuanced male characters. Hernandez has often said that Maggie and Ray Dominguez both represent different aspects of his own personality.
In an interview with The Comics Journal, Hernandez admitted he'd had difficulty aging his characters, because while he'd known girls like Maggie and Hopey when he was young, he'd never known them long enough to find out what they did in adulthood.
In addition to his Locas stories, Hernandez has also done occasional work for DC Comics and The New Yorker, and he has done many album covers for such artists as Michelle Shocked. Earlier in his career Hernandez also did album covers for some "Nardcore" punk bands, such as Ill Repute and Dr. Know, the latter of whom featured his younger brother Ismael on bass. In September 2006, Hernandez also created the artwork for the critically acclaimed Los Lobos album The Town and the City. In 1984-85 Gilbert, Mario and Jaime collaborated on Mister X, a sci-fi comic book series from Vortex Press, with Jaime handling the art and Gilbert and Mario plotting. The book's noirish look has been cited as an influence by the creators of Batman: The Animated Series among other retro-futuristic works. The Hernandez brothers themselves hold little affection for it, however, with Gilbert once describing it being "like a bad zit... it just sort of happened." The Hernandez brothers left the book when Vortex failed to pay them in full. Responding to the non-payment accusations, publisher Bill Marks said "I don't dispute that one bit. And they'll be paid every nickel of it, or every quarter of it." The Hernandez brothers were indeed ultimately paid for their work on Mister X in 1988.
- 1986 Kirby Award – Best Artist, Best Black-and-White Comic (Love and Rockets)
- 1986 Inkpot Award
- 1989 Harvey Award – Best Continuing or Limited Series (Love and Rockets)
- 1990 Harvey Award – Best Continuing or Limited Series (Love and Rockets)
- 1992 Harvey Award – Best Inker (Love and Rockets)
- 1998 Harvey Award – Best New Series (Penny Century)
- 1999 Harvey Award – Best Single Issue (Penny Century #3)
- 2000 Harvey Award – Best Inker (Penny Century)
- 2001 Harvey Award – Best Artist or Penciller (Penny Century)
- 2003 Harvey Award – Best Inker (Love and Rockets)
- 2004 Harvey Award – Best Single Issue or Story (Love and Rockets #9)
- 2006 Harvey Award – Best Single Issue (Love and Rockets, Volume 2, #15)
- 2007 Harvey Award – Best Cartoonist (Love and Rockets)
- 2012 Ignatz Award - Outstanding Artist (Love and Rockets New Stories)
- 2013 Harvey Award - Best Cartoonist (Love and Rockets New Stories)
- 2014 Eisner Award - Best Writer/Artist (Love and Rockets New Stories #6)
- 2014 Los Angeles Times Book Prize - Best Graphic Novel/Comics
- Aldama, p. 119.
- Art Baxter. "Locas: The Maggie And Hopey Stories by Jaime Hernandez". National Association of Comics Art Editors. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Aldama, p. 120.
- "Dean Motter's Retro-Futurist Masterpiece 'Mister X' Returns to the City of Nightmares in 'Eviction'". Comics Alliance. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Hernandez Brothers Leave Mister X Over Payment Dispute," The Comics Journal #101 (August 1985), pp. 19-20.
- Herzog, Marty (November 1986). "Bill Marks". Comics Interview (40). Fictioneer Books. p. 59.
- "Hernandez Brothers Paid," The Comics Journal #122 (June 1988), p. 22.
- "The First Annual PW Comics Week Critic's Poll". Publishers Weekly Online. Publishers Weekly. 2006-12-19. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "1986 Jack Kirby Awards". Hahn Library. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "Inkpot Awards". Comic-Con. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "1990 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "1992 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "1998 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "1999 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2000 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2001 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2003 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2004 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2006 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2007 Harvey Awards". Harvey Awards. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2012 Ignatz Awards". Small Press Expo. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2013 Harvey Award Winners". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "2014 Eisner Awards Winners". Comic-Con. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- Aldama, Frederick Luis (2006). Spilling the Beans in Chicanolandia: Conversations with Writers and Artists. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71312-3. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Aldama, Frederick Luis (2006). "Jaime Hernandez (of Los Bros Hernandez)". Spilling the Beans in Chicanolandia: Conversations with Writers and Artists. University of Texas Press. pp. 119–128. ISBN 978-0-292-71312-3. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- Aldama, Frederick Luis (2009-06-01). "Jaime Hernandez of Los Bros Hernandez". Your Brain on Latino Comics: From Gus Arriola to Los Bros Hernandez. University of Texas Press. pp. 182–201. ISBN 978-0-292-71973-6. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- Gaiman, Neil (July 1995). "The Hernandez Brothers". The Comics Journal. Fantagraphics Books (178): 91–123.
- Hignite, Todd (2006). "Jaime Hernandez's Locas". Strips, Toons, and Bluesies: Essays in Comics and Culture. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 46–59. ISBN 978-1-56898-621-0. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- Hignite, Todd (2007). "Jaime Hernandez". In the Studio: Visits with Contemporary Cartoonists. Yale University Press. pp. 132–163. ISBN 978-0-300-13387-5. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- "artbomb.net". artbomb.net creator profile:Jaime Hernandez. Retrieved 2005-06-06.
- Nericcio, William (December 1995). "Artif[r]acture: Virulent Pictures, Graphic Narrative and the Ideology of the Visual". Mosaic. University of Manitoba (28.4): 79–109.
- Jaime Hernandez at Fantagraphics
- Review of Jaime's solo work at The Comics Interpreter
- Review of Love & Rockets
- Jaime Hernandez interview with Suicide Girl
- Long list of Love and Rockets links
- Character index for Jaime's Hoppers/Locas stories - About 187 characters appear at least once in Jaime's work; 65 of these appear more than once.
- Jaime Hernandez interview
- Scholarly article that sets Jaime Hernandez's work in historical/theoretical context