Jaime Rodríguez Calderón
Jaime Heliodoro Rodríguez Calderón
|Governor of Nuevo León|
|Assumed office |
2 July 2018
|Preceded by||Manuel Florentino González Flores (interim)|
4 October 2015 – 31 December 2017
|Preceded by||Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Florentino González Flores (interim)|
|Municipal President of García|
1 November 2009 – 31 October 2012
|Preceded by||Guadalupe Alejandra Valadez Arrambide|
|Succeeded by||Jesus Hernández Martínez|
|Local deputy of the Congress of the State of Nuevo León |
for the 10th local district
1 November 1997 – 31 October 2000
|Succeeded by||Armando Ramírez Anguiano|
|Deputy of the Congress of the Union |
1 September 1991 – 31 August 1994
|Born||28 December 1957|
Ejido Pablillo, Nuevo León, Mexico
|Political party||Independent (2014–present)|
|Institutional Revolutionary Party (1980–2014)|
María Eugenia Gutiérrez ()
Silvia Mireya González ()
Adalina Dávalos Martínez (m. 2006)
|Alma mater||Autonomous University of Nuevo León|
Jaime Heliodoro Rodríguez Calderón (born 28 December 1957 in Ejido Pablillo, Galeana, Nuevo León), sometimes referred to by his nickname "El Bronco," is a Mexican politician. He is the Governor of the northern state of Nuevo León. He is the first independent candidate to have won a governorship in Mexico. He served as mayor of García, Nuevo León (2009–2012) as a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), and was best known for his hard-line stance against organized crime. Rodríguez won the 2015 race for Governor as an independent candidate on June 7, 2015, winning half the votes of the election compared to his traditional party competitors, who split the remainder of the votes. He served as governor from 4 October 2015 until 31 December 2017, when he formally became candidate in the 2018 presidential race. He lost, only attaining 5% of the popular vote and resumed his term as governor.
Jaime Heliodoro Rodríguez Calderón was born on 28 December 1957, in Ejido Pablillo, a municipality of Galeana, Nuevo León. He was the fourth of ten children born to Lichita Calderon and Rodolfo Rodríguez.
Rodríguez attended primary school at Escuadron 201 in Ejido Pablillo. He attended secondary school at Miguel Hidalgo in Galeana.
Rodríguez majored in Agricultural Engineering in the Autonomous University of Nuevo León and graduated in 1982. According to Jaime, this was made possible by Don Protacio Rodriguez, owner of Transportes Tamaulipas (now Grupo Senda). Don Protacio gave Rodríguez a card that allowed him to travel to Monterrey for his studies. Toward the end of his studies he performed a symbolic strike at the university, calling on governor Alfonso Martínez Domínguez to increase support for public transportation. After the strike, and with the support of the governor, he established a scholarship for poor students struggling to pay for their education.
Upon graduation, he joined the Institutional Revolutionary Party and worked for Governor Martinez Domínguez.
Member of the PRI
As a member of the PRI, Rodríguez served as a federal deputy in 1992, a local MP in 1997, and Mayor of García. During his term as mayor of García, Rodríguez was the target of violent attacks by Los Zetas. As a major he fought and reduced crime in this municipality. The 2013 documentary El Bronco sin Miedo ('The Bronco Without Fear') recounted the attacks. He also invested in education and social development programs in Garcia.
Leaving the PRI and running as an independent
On 3 December 2014, disappointed by the rising corruption within the PRI, Rodríguez expressed his intentions to renounce his political party, desiring to run as an independent candidate for Governor of the state of Nuevo León. Soon after, he left the PRI and ran as an independent candidate.
First independent Governor of Nuevo León
By the second week of January his supporters collected 150,000 signatures, exceeding the 103,000 required to meet the 3% of the population minimum for independent candidates to get on the ballot. By February he had more than 334,000 signatures. In the 2015 election, Rodríguez ran against the PRI's Ivonne Alvarez and PAN's Felipe Cantu. Election authorities officially added his name on 2 March, and Rodríguez won the election.
Claims of lack of news media coverage
On 11 September 2016, during a Live-Television News broadcast from "Monterrey al Dia," Televisa news reporter, Karla Minaya said, "We have to ensure that the governor, for sure, is mentioned as little as possible." The Mexican newspaper El Universal published on social media a video of the event, which was covered by national news media although Televisa didn't mention the story and declined to comment.  Rodríguez's predecessor Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz had spent 4 biillion pesos on bribing television news media (Televisa included), to clean his image.
Rodríguez vowed to not spend a single peso in news media coverage. He claims that Televisa news unfairly mention him the least possible, or with biased news coverage of unfair criticisms and defamation. In Rodríguez's own words, "There's 314 denouncements of stolen cars, we retrieved 229, but since we didn't bribe Televisa, Multimedios and TV Azteca they don't show it. We have disbanded a band of thieves of cars and trucks. We have said it on every press round, but Televisa, Multimedios and TV Azteca don't show it."
Presidential campaign 2018
Rodríguez's bid to run in the presidential election 2018, again as an independent, initially didn't reach the required amount of signatures to appear on the ballot, but his attorney Javier Náñez Pro appealed to the Federal Electoral Tribunal, which ordered the National Electoral Institute to register him as candidate.
During a debate in April Jaime said "We have to cut off the hands of those who rob. It's that simple." As a result, Rodríguez was trending ahead of the other candidates on Twitter during the debate.
Jaime Rodríguez later proposed to bring back the death penalty (which was officially abolished in Mexico in 2005 and last used by the Mexican government in 1961) for drug traffickers, hijackers, infanticides and serial killers.
Return as Governor of Nuevo León
Following the loss, Rodríguez Calderón submitted a request to the Nuevo León government to become governor again following his presidential race venture.
Jaime Rodríguez Calderón has had six children and has been married three times. His first wife was María Eugenia Gutiérrez, with whom he had two children: Zoraida Rodríguez Gutiérrez and Jaime Lizenco Rodríguez Gutiérrez, who died in October 2009 in a vehicular accident while being pursued by criminals. His second marriage was with Silvia Mireya González, with whom had his daughter Jimena Rodríguez González. His third marriage was on 25 January 2006 with Adalina Dávalos Martínez, with whom has had three children: Valentina, Victoria and Emiliano, he also adopted Alejandro, a son whom his current wife had from another relationship.
- Archibold, Randal C. "Tough-Talking El Bronco Poised to Take Mexican Governor's Race". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- Althaus, Dudley (8 June 2014). "Independent Wins Mexican Governorship Midterm; election for lower house, other posts seen as a referendum on President Enrique Peña Nieto's term at midpoint". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- Murray, Christine. "Exclusive: Mexican leftist has 18-point lead as campaign kicks off..." U.S. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
- "El Tribunal Electoral mete a El Bronco en la carrera presidencial con una polémica decisión". El País (in Spanish). 10 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- "Ciudadanos quieren pena de muerte para narcos y asesinos, asegura 'El Bronco'". Reporte Indigo. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- García, Aracely (1 July 2018). "'El Bronco' reconoce triunfo de López Obrador". Excélsior. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
- "Jaime Rodríguez Calderón regresa a NL; espera trato cordial con AMLO". Noticieros Televisa. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- Luciano Campos Garza. "Confirm Nuevo León death of businessman and pilot; "El Bronco" expresses its condolences". Proceso. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "And with you ... the children of the presidencials". Nation 321.