Jaime de Zudáñez

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Jaime de Zudáñez (Chuquisaca, 25 July 1772 - Montevideo, 1832) was a Bolivian politician and hero of the independence of three countries in South America.


Zudáñez was born in the city of La Plata, Chuquisaca, in present-day Bolivia. He graduated as a lawyer in 1792, and continued his studies at the Academia Carolina, where he obtained a graduate degree in 1795 and was appointed Public Defender of Indigents. He was central to the independence movement that started in Chuquisaca on May 25, 1809, when after being arrested on suspicions of conspiracy, he publicly cried for help while being conducted to jail. A mob responded by taking over the city and capturing the authorities.

The Colonial authorities, after the recapture of the city, sent him as a prisoner to Callao, in Peru. From there, three months later, and after being liberated, he travelled to Chile (1811), where he worked with Generales Bernardo O'Higgins and Juan Mackenna, and became a friend of José Miguel Carrera. He had to seek refuge in Buenos Aires (1814) after the Battle of Rancagua.

Was a Vice President of the Tucumán Congress (1817–1819). He lived in Montevideo, Uruguay (1820), where he was a deputy to Congress (1828–1830). He died soon after in 1832.

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Manuel de Salas
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
José Tadeo Mancheño