Jain community

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The Jains in India have been the last direct representatives of the Shramana tradition in India. They follow Jainism, the religion taught by the twenty-four propagators of faith called tirthankaras.


Jainism has a fourfold order of male monastics (muni), female monastics (aryika), sravaka (layman) and sravika (laywoman). This order is known as a sangha.

Cultural influence[edit]

The Jains have the highest literacy rate, 94.1.% compared with the national average of 65.38%. They have the highest female literacy rate, 90.6.% compared with the national average of 54.16%.[1] It is believed that the Jains also have the Highest per capita income in India.[2] Jains though very small in numbers, they alone pay 24% Income tax of India.[3]


There are about 110 different Jain communities in India and overseas. They can be divided into six groups based on historical and current residence.

Central India[edit]

Western India[edit]

Northern India[edit]

Southern India[edit]

Eastern India[edit]

Overseas Jains[edit]


The Jain population in India according to 2001 census is 4,225,053 out of the total population of India 1,028,610,328. The states or regions with largest populations are:

It is likely that the actual population of Jains may be significantly higher than the census numbers.

The Jain population in USA is estimated to be about 10,000 to 200,000.

See also[edit]