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2 January 1905|
Kodiyaganj, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India
|Died||24 December 1988(aged 83)|
|Nationality||British Indian, Republic of India|
Padma Bhushan |
Sahitya Akademi Fellowship
Sahitya Akademi Award
Jainendra Kumar (2 January 1905 – 24 December 1988), was a Hindi writer of 20th century. He wrote novels including Sunita and Tyagapatra.
He was awarded one of India's highest civil honours Padma Bhushan in 1971. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1966, for his work Muktibodh (Novelette), and its highest award, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979.
Jainendra Kumar was born as Anandi Lal on 2 January 1905, in Kodiyaganj, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He received his early education at Rishabh Bhrahmacharyashram, Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh, which was founded by his maternal uncle. It was here that he got his name Jainendra Kumar. He left the place in 1912 and went to give metric exams in private in 12 from Punjab.
Thereafter he joined Banaras Hindu University (BHU), for higher education, though he left even that in the favour of joining the Non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He started writing around 1926, after unsuccessfully trying hand at business in Calcutta. His first collection of stories title Phansi (फांसी) came out in 1930.
He was closely involved in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Along with Munshi Premchand, he established the Hindustani Sabhaa in Lahore where Dr. Zakir Hussain and Josh Malihabadi were some of the noted members. After the death of Premchand, he became the editor of Hans. He was closely associated with the luminaries of Indian Freedom Struggle like Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave, Rabindranath Tagore and others.
He died on 24 December 1988.
- Neelam Desh ki Rajkanya
- Chidiya Ki Bhachi
- Ek Raat
- Akal Purush Gandhi
- Premchand: Ek Krati Vyaktitva
- Sahitya ka Shrey Aur Prey
- Samay Aur Hum
- Jeevan Sahitya Aur Paramparayein
- Gandhi aur Humara Samay Tatha Sanskriti
- Apna Apna Bhagya
- "Atma Shikshan" (Story)
- Prem Mein Bhagwaan
- Paap Aur Prakash
Awards and honors
- Hindustan Academy Puraskar, 1929 for Parakh
- Sahitya Akademi Award, 1953 for Paap Aur Prakash
- Hastimal Dalmiya Puraskar, 1965 for Muktibodh
- Padma Bhushan, 1971
- Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, 1979