Jainism in Gujarat

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Jainism has had a significant influence in Gujarat.[1]

History[edit]

Jains believe that their 22nd Tirthankara (propagators of Jain religion) Neminath attained salvation on Girnar in Gujarat. Many other monks have also got salvation; especially on the holy mountains of Girnar and Shatrunjaya. The Jain councils were held in Vallabhi c. 5th century CE.[2] Their canonical scriptures were written down during this council. King Vanaraja Chavda (c. 720-780 CE) of the Chavda dynasty was brought up by a Jain monk named Shilaguna Suri.

Jain temples are found in Gujarat from as early as the 6th and 7th centuries CE. It was patronized by the Chaulukyas and Chavadas.[3] Dhank Caves (3rd-7th century CE) in Rajkot district has Jain Tirthankara carvings. Northern Gujarat became a principle center of Jainism in the 13th century CE.[4]

The earliest known Old Gujarati text Bharat-Bahubali Ras, was written by a Jain monk. Of the most important people in Gujarat's Jain history were the Acharya Hemachandra Suri and his pupil, the Chaulukya ruler Kumarapala.

Major Centers[edit]

Major ancient Jain centers include:


Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jainism". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Jainism". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Al-Hind the Making of the Indo-Islamic World". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Cultural History of India". Retrieved 21 January 2016.

References[edit]