Jainism in Pakistan
Jainism in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although Jains form a very small community in the Islamic Republic today. Jainism might be originated from Indus Valley Civilization now Sindh.
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Baba Dharam Dass
Baba Dharam Dass was a holy man whose tomb is located near the bank of a creek called (Deoka or Deokay or Degh) near Chawinda Phatic, behind the agricultural main office in Pasrur, near the city of Sialkot in Punjab, Pakistan.
The original home region of the Bhabras is now in Pakistan. While practically all the Bhabras have left Pakistan, many cities still have sections named after Bhabras.
- Sialkot: All the Jains here were Bhabra and mainly lived in Sialkot and Pasrur. The Serai Bhabrian and Bhabrian Wala localities are named after them. There were several Jain temples here before partition of India.
- Pasrur: Pasrur was developed by a Jain zamindar who was granted land by Raja Maan Singh. Baba Dharam Dass belonged to the zamindar family who was murdered on a trading visit.
- Gujranwala: Two old Jain libraries managed by Lala Karam Chand Bhabra were present here which were visited by Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar.
- Rawalpindi: Bhabra Bazar is named after them.
- Mianwali: A well known cast still present in majority there nowadays.
Some also lived in Sindh.
- Jain Shwetambar Temple with Shikhar, Thari Bhabrian Lahore City.
- Jain Digambar Temple with Shikhar, Thari Bhabrian Lahore City.
- Jain Shwetambar Dada Wadi (Mini Temple), Guru Mangat in Lahore Cantt., foot prints in stone.
- Jain Digambar Temple with Shikhar, Old Anarkali Jain Mandir Chawk: This temple was destroyed in the riots of 1992. Now an Islamic school is run from the former temple .
- Jain Temple, Nagarparkar
- Gori Temple, Tharparkar
- Jain Shwetamber Temple with Shikhar, Ranchod Line, Karachi
- Jain Shwetamber Temple, Hyderabad
Prominent Jains from Pakistan (includes pre-partition Jains):
- Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1879-84 By J. A. L. Montgomery, p. 35
- Census of India, 1901 By India Census Commissioner, Sir Herbert Hope Risley, p. 137-140
- Gazetteer of the Sialkot District, 1920 - Page 51
- Baba Dharam Dass Tomb in Pasrur
- The two Jain Libraries at Gujranwala by Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar in A Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts in the Library of the Deccan College, by Deccan College Library, Franz Kielhorn- 1884 -- Page 12
- "jainrelicsinpakistan - abafna". Abafna.googlepages.com. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- A gazetteer of the province of Sindh by Albert William Hughes - 1876, - Page 224
- TEPA to remodel roads leading to Jain Mandir Chowk
- Ghauri, Aamir (5 December 2002). "Demolishing history in Pakistan". BBC News.
- LIST OF JAIN TEMPLES IN PAKISTAN
- A ravaged Jain temple corroding away with time, Daily Times (Pakistan)
- Malaiya, Yashwant K (18 May 2012). "As Mumbai Jain temple wraps up celebrations, silence shrouds its predecessor in Pakistan". Express Tribune. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- List of Jain temples in Pakistan, Jain World
- Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-31337-462-3.