Jaipur International airport is the only international airport in the state of Rajasthan. It was granted the status of international airport on 29 December 2005. The civil apron can accommodate 14 aircraft the size of an Airbus A320 and the new terminal building can handle up to 1000 passengers at a time. There are plans to extend the runway to 12,000 ft (3,658 m) and expand the terminal building to accommodate 1,000 passengers per hour.
Runway expansion work at Jaipur Interñational Airport started in February 2014 and was scheduled to be completed by July 2015 at an estimated cost of Rs.98 crore. The expansion will allow Jaipur to accommodate operations of aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 that mainly fly to international destinations. Even though Jaipur airport was given international status in 2006, it failed to function fully as an international airport since the runway's length was less than the mandatory 11,500 feet (3,500 m).
The new domestic terminal building at Jaipur International Airport was inaugurated on 1 July 2009. The new terminal has an area of 22,950 sqm, is made of glass and steel structure having modern passenger friendly facilities such as central heating system, central air conditioning, inline x-ray baggage inspection system integrated with the departure conveyor system, inclined arrival baggage claim carousels, escalators, public address system, flight information display system (FIDS), CCTV for surveillance, airport check-in counters with Common Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE), car parking, etc. The International Terminal Building has peak hour passenger handling capacity of 500 passengers and annual handling capacity of 400,000.
The entrance gate, made of sandstone and Dholpur stones along with Rajasthani paintings on the walls, give tourists a glimpse of the Rajasthani culture. Two fountains on both sides of the terminal, dotted with palm trees, maintain normal temperature within the airport premises. The transparent side walls of the building have adjustable shades that control the passage of sunlight into the airport premises, thereby cutting down heavily on electricity bills.
The cargo terminal is adjacent to the old passenger terminal building, and has an area of approximately 700 square metres (7,500 sq ft). The cargo facility is being provided by Rajasthan Small Scale Industries Co. Ltd., a public sector undertaking of Government of Rajasthan.
On 18 February 1969, Douglas DC-3 VT-CJH of Indian Airlines crashed on take-off on a scheduled passenger flight. The aircraft was overloaded and take-off was either downwind or with a crosswind. All 30 people on board survived.
On 9 August 1971, Vickers Viscount VT-DIX of Indian Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair when it overran the runway. The aircraft was landed with a tailwind on a wet runway.
On 5 January 2014, Flight AI-890 VT-ESH of Air India from Imphal to Delhi via Guwahati was diverted to Jaipur International Airport due to heavy fog in Delhi. During landing the rear tyre of the plane got burst and its right wing got damaged. The plane received substantial damage. All 173 passengers and 6 crew members survived. The aircraft was written off.