Jaipur Metro

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Jaipur Metro
Jaipur Metro Logo.png
Jaipur Metro on Double Storey.jpg
Jaipur Metro running on double-storey elevated track
Native nameजयपुर मेट्रो
OwnerJaipur Metro Rail Corporation Limited (JMRC)
LocaleJaipur, Rajasthan, India
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines1
Number of stations11[1]
Daily ridership17,649(November 2017)[2]
Chief executiveNihal Chand Goel, Chairman & MD[3]
HeadquartersKhanij Bhavan, C-Scheme, Jaipur
WebsiteJaipur Metro
Began operation3 June 2015; 5 years ago (2015-06-03)[1]
Operator(s)Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation (JMRC)
Train length4-5 coaches
Headway10 minutes (peak)
15 minutes (off-peak)[4]
System length11.97 km (7.44 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV AC, OHE
Average speed32 km/h (20 mph)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)[5]
System map

Map of Jaipur Metro created using Inkscape.png

The Jaipur Metro is a rapid transit system in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.[6] Construction on the mostly elevated part of the first line, called Phase 1A, comprising 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi) of route from Mansarovar to Chandpole Bazaar,[1] started in November 2010,[7] and was completed in 2014. The Jaipur Metro began commercial service between Chandpole and Mansarovar on 3 June 2015.[5] The Jaipur Metro Rail system is India's sixth metro rail system after those in Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Gurugram and Mumbai. The Jaipur Metro is the first metro in India to run on triple-storey elevated road and metro track. Phase 1-B, from Chandpole to Badi Chaupar, began operation on 23rd September 2020.[8][9]



With the rapid industrialization and commercial development of Jaipur, teamed with a growing population, the transport infrastructure of the city was found to be overburdened. As a result, the government mulled over establishment of Jaipur Metro on the lines of Delhi Metro which had proved to be a great success

JMRC Ltd.[edit]

The Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd., abbreviated to JMRC, is a state-owned company[10] that operates the Jaipur Metro. The Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. was created on 1 January 2010 with Nihal Chand Goel serving as the managing director.[11] Among the Rapid Transit systems of India, it has been recorded fastest to conduct of trial run after starting construction, when it commenced trial runs in Jaipur on 18 September 2013 flagged off by the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan Shri Ashok Gehlot.


Physical construction work on the Jaipur Metro started on 24 February 2011.[1] JMRC consulted the DMRC on rapid transit operation and construction techniques.

The first line of the Jaipur Metro was opened to public by Vasundhara Raje, the Chief Minister of Rajasthan, on 3 June 2015,[12] and thus, it became the sixth rapid transit system in India. Phase 1-B of the project started operating on 23rd September 2020.[8][9]


The Jaipur Metro is being built in 2 phases. Phase I consists of the Pink Line[1] and Phase II consists of the Orange Line. Currently[when?], the Orange Line is under construction. The implementation of Phase 1A of the project (Mansarover to Chandpole having the length of about 9.63 km) including the civil works, permanent way, depot and traction and power supply, etc. was being managed by DMRC.[13][14] Phase I-A completed 9 stations and 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi) of route length,[1] of which 0.95 kilometres (0.59 mi) is underground and 9.13 kilometres (5.67 mi) is elevated.

The remainder of the first line, Phase I-B [2.34 kilometres (1.45 mi), 2 stations], got completed by 23rd September 2020.[15] Phase II (23.099 kilometres (14.353 mi), 20 stations)[15] is planned to be completed by 2021.[citation needed] With the completion of Phases 1 and II, the network will span 35.078 kilometres (21.796 mi) and 31 stations.[15]

Current route[edit]

As of September 2020, with the completion and the beginning of operations of Phase 1, the Jaipur Metro network comprises 1 line, serving 11 metro stations[16] and operating on a total route length of 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi).[1]

Line First operational Last extension Stations Length
Termini Rolling stock Track gauge
Pink Line 3 Jun 2015 23 Sep 2020 11 11.97 Mansarovar Badi Chaupar 10 trains[17] 1435 25 kV OHE
TOTAL 11 11.97

Pink Line[edit]

Exterior of the Railway station halt on Pink line

The first route of Jaipur Metro (East-West Corridor) connect Mansarovar to Badi Chaupar via Civil Lines and Chandpole. In Phase I-A, the metro was operating between Mansarovar to Chandpole. The construction of Phase-1B between Chandpole and Badi Chaupar is completed. This is the Metro line that got flagged off on 5 June 2015, and has been named as Pink Line, as it takes passengers to the Pink City.[1] The depot for this line is situated at Mansarovar.[18]

Jaipur Metro was planned to be built in phases. Phase-1A (9.63 km) was completed in 2014, and Phase-1B was completed in 2020 and Phase II is scheduled for completion in 2020.[19]

Phase 1B[edit]

The Pink Line was realized with the completion of Phase 1B (2.34 kilometres (1.45 mi), 2 stations), which is got completed in September 2020.[19][8][9] The tunnel excavation work between Chandpole and Badi Chaipar completed in August 2017,[20] civil work to complete by October 2019.[21] Trial running completed in January 2020.[22] On 23rd of September, 2020 it has been opened to public. It now completes the Pink Line. Details of the line are:

Line Stations Length
Terminals No. of interchanges
Pink Line extension 2 2.349 Chandpole Badi Chaupar 0

Phase 1C[edit]

For Phase 1C, Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation (JMRC) plans to extend the Pink Line from Badi Chaupar to Transport Nagar. For the same, the corporation has prepared a detailed project report (DPR) of Phase 1C by taking public suggestions. According to the DPR, the estimated project cost will be Rs 856 crore, including cost of land and taxes, The total length of the project will be 2.85km (2.26km Underground and 0.59km Elevated). This project is expected to be completed till March 2025 if the construction takes place. Once constructed, the estimated ridership between the entire stretch, Mansarovar to Transport Nagar, will be over 1.38 lakh till 2031.[23][24]

Line Stations Length
Terminals No. of interchanges
Pink Line extension 3 2.85 Badi Chaupar Transport Nagar 0

Phase 2[edit]

Phase 2 (North-South Corridor) which is scheduled for completion in 2021. The Orange Line will be 23.099 kilometres (14.353 mi) and serve 20 stations when complete.[15] This will connect Sitapura Industrial Area in the South to Ambabari in the North via Ajmeri Gate and MI Road. The tracks will be elevated between Sitapura and Ajmeri Gate and then will go underground. There might be some changes in plan before actual construction starts on these lines.


Estimated cost of the East-West corridor of the Jaipur Metro is 3,149 crore (US$440 million).[17] The state government would be directly funding 600 crore (US$84 million) while the rest would be borne by other wings of state urban development and housing departments. The Phase-II is expected to cost 6,583 crore (US$920 million) crore for which government is mulling over PPP mode.[25]


A concession for operation and maintenance of the Stage 1 and Stage 2 is to be let on PPP basis.[26]

Trains operate at a frequency of 10 to 15 minutes between 6:45 and 21:00 depending peak and off-peak time. Trains operating within the network typically travel at speed up to 40 km/h (25 mph), and stop for about 20–40 seconds at each station. Automated station announcements are recorded in Hindi and English. Many stations have services such as Parking lot, ATMs and mobile recharge. Eating, drinking, smoking, and chewing of gum are prohibited in the entire system. The metro also has a sophisticated fire alarm system for advance warning in emergencies, and fire retardant material is used in trains as well as on the premises of stations. Navigation information will sooner be available on Google Transit. The first coach of every train is reserved for women.


The responsibility of security of Jaipur Metro has been entrusted to Rajasthan Police. A strength of 789 police personnel has been sanctioned for security and policing of Jaipur Metro. Latest security equipments have been provided at all Metro Stations.[1] Closed-circuit cameras from IndigoVision are used to monitor trains and stations, and feed from these is monitored by Rajasthan Police and Jaipur Metro authorities at their respective control rooms. In addition metal detectors, X-ray baggage inspection systems, and dog squads are also deployed which are used to secure the system. Each of the underground stations has about 45 to 50 cameras installed while the elevated stations have about 16 to 20 cameras each. The monitoring of these cameras is done by the Rajasthan Police, which is in charge of security of the Metro, as well as the Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation. Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the train operator. Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.

Ticketing & Recharge[edit]

For the convenience of customers, Jaipur Metro commuters have three choices for ticket purchase. The RFID tokens are valid only for a single journey on the day of purchase and the value depends on the distance travelled, with fares for a single journey ranging from 5 (7.0¢ US) to 15 (21¢ US). Fares are calculated based on the origin and destination stations using a fare chart and it also depends on peak rush in Metro.[1] Travel cards are available for longer durations and are most convenient for frequent commuters. They are valid for three years from the date of purchase or the date of last recharge, and are available in denominations of 100 (US$1.40) to 1,000 (US$14). 10%-15% discount is given on travels made on it depending on actual fare.[1] A deposit of 50 (70¢ US) needs to be made to buy a new card which is refundable on the return of the card any time before its expiry if the card is not physically damaged. Tourist cards can be used for unlimited travel on the Jaipur Metro network over short periods of time. There are two kinds of tourist cards valid for one and three days respectively. The cost of a one-day card is 50 (70¢ US) and that of a three-day card is 150 (US$2.10), besides a refundable deposit of 50 (70¢ US) that must be paid at the time of purchasing the card. Jaipur Metro also has introduced a Combo Card. JMRC has already entered into a MoU with HDFC Bank and accordingly co-branded Combo Cards will be issued by HDFC Bank which will be used on Jaipur Metro system just like Daily Commuter Smart Cards issued by Jaipur Metro.

Rolling stock[edit]

Fleets of Jaipur Metro

The Metro uses 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge rolling stock. Trains are maintained at Mansarovar Deport for Pink Line. In December 2011 BEML was awarded a 318 crore (US$45 million) contract to supply 10 four-car trains for Phase 1.[13] The Jaipur Metro plans to lengthen the trains later to 6 coaches as the traffic increases.[27] BEML expects a follow-on order worth 60 crore (US$8.4 million)

Thus these rolling stocks are said to be indigenous and are manufactured by BEML at its factory in Bangalore. The trains are four-car consists with a capacity of 1506 commuters per train, accommodating 50 seated and 292 standing passengers in each coach. These trains will have CCTV cameras in and outside the coaches, power supply connections inside coaches to charge mobiles and laptops, humidity control, microprocessor-controlled disc brakes, and will be capable of maintaining an average speed of 32 km/h (20 mph) over a distance of 1.1 km (0.68 mi).

Trains on the metro operate at a maximum speed of 80 km/h (50 mph), and an average speed of 32 km/h (20 mph). Maximum speed is limited to 42 km/h (26 mph) at curves.[28]

Signalling and Telecommunication[edit]

The Jaipur Metro uses cab signalling along with a centralised automatic train control system consisting of Automatic Train Protection and automatic train signalling modules.[17] Jaipur Metro has proposed that it will have automatic train operation also in future. A 380 MHz digital trunked TETRA radio communication system from Cassidian is used on all lines to carry both voice and data information. An integrated system comprising optical fibre cable, on-train radio, CCTV, and a centralised clock and public address system is used for telecommunication during train operations as well as emergencies.[17]

Environment and aesthetics[edit]

A major advantage of metro is that it reduces per person carbon emission by a very significant amount.

Jaipur Metro has been decorated by the artwork of heritage wall of Jaipur inside and outside of the Metro. Metro stations also have the same kind of artwork.


On 10 March 2011, the Rajasthan High Court issued show cause notices to state authorities, JMRC, and JDA's land acquisition officer, on petition by some shop owners from Station Road, asking them to justify the Jaipur Metro Project, as petitioners alleged no proper survey was done before construction of the Pink Line began.[29]

There were some accidents at the Metro project site, injuring laborers and passers-by, attracting criticism for lack of security measures.[30] In one incident, an 18 feet wall collapsed killing two men. A case was registered against the firm DSC Limited which was involved in construction.[31] There were reports of heightened fears among people that sub-letting of the work by the major contractors could be compromising the safety standards.[32]

The Phase I-B of Jaipur Metro has recently come up with huge uproar because its construction can result in risks to some UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar and Isarlat Swargasuli Tower. As per JMRC data, the stretch from Chandpole to Badi Chaupar, which lies in the Walled City of Jaipur, is just 2.349 km (1.460 mi) long. Construction on this section of the Pink Line would have costed 1,126 crore (US$160 million).[33]

Phase I-B is also not in accordance with Jaipur's archaeological laws, which states that any kind of digging/tunneling work in the vicinity of heritage sites is not allowed. The Badi Chaupar and Choti Chaupar have already been removed for Metro work.[further explanation needed] According to the archaeological laws, whoever destroys, injures, mutilates, defaces, alters, removes, disperses, misuses, imperils or allows to fall into decay a protected monument, or removes from a protected monument any sculpture, carving image, bas-relief, inscription or other like object, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months with a fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or with both.[34][35]

The project also caused huge losses of business activities of shopkeepers, as the city's market will remain either closed or operative in barricades only.[36][37]

Network Map[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Jaipur Metro A Brief Note on the Project" (PDF). JMRC. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Jaipur Metro witnesses steep fall in ridership | Jaipur News - Times of India".
  3. ^ "JMRC". Jaipurmetrorail.in. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  4. ^ "No more long wait as Metro set to up trips to 170 per day from Friday - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Jaipur Metro gets final safety nod, may start in May end". The Times of India.
  6. ^ "How metro rail networks are spreading across India". 26 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Jaipur: Metro project to begin on Saturday". NDTV. 12 November 2010.
  8. ^ a b c https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/jaipur/jmrc-all-set-to-start-metro-on-phase-ib-corridor-by-mid-nov/articleshow/71883116.cms
  9. ^ a b c https://www.firstindia.co.in/we-are-not-going-to-implement-caa-in-the-state-dhariwal/
  10. ^ "Project Introduction". Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  11. ^ "About JMRC". JMRC. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Rajasthan CM launches Jaipur metro". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  13. ^ a b "BEML wins Jaipur metro train contract". Railway Gazette International. 22 December 2011.
  14. ^ "Execution of Stage 1 and 2". JMRC. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d "Present Status of the Project". JMRC. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Metro Station Numbers". JMRC. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  17. ^ a b c d "DPR Phase I" (PDF). JMRC. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  18. ^ "New Metro MD reviews project". www.daily.bhaskar.com. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  19. ^ a b https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/jaipur/work-on-metro-1b-to-start-next-year/articleshow/69640673.cms
  20. ^ "Tunnel excavation for Jaipur Metro between Chandpole and Badi Chaupar completed". 11 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Phase 1-B of Jaipur Metro to be completed by October, likely to be operational by year-end". 4 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Jaipur Metro completes important link". 30 January 2020.
  23. ^ "JMRC plans to extend Badi Chaupar corridor". 31 January 2021.
  24. ^ "Jaipur Metro Publishes Phase 1C & Phase 2 DPRs for Finalization". 1 February 2021.
  25. ^ "DPR Phase II" (PDF). JMRC. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  26. ^ "Urban rail news in brief". Railway Gazette International. 17 July 2011.
  27. ^ Ajay Singh (22 February 2011). "First phase Metro to have four coaches". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  28. ^ "Jaipur Metro run delayed again as safety check yet to be done". The Times of India.
  29. ^ "Court to state: Justify Jaipur Metro project". The Times of India. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  30. ^ "5 injured in yet another metro worksite accident". The Times of India. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  31. ^ "Case registered in Jaipur Metro rail accident". Press Trust of India. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  32. ^ "Subletting raises fears of compromising Metro work". The Times of India. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  33. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ "Department of Archaeology & Museums, Rajasthan" (PDF).
  35. ^ http://rajasthanpatrika.patrika.com/news/archaeological-against-the-law-subway-tunnel/1173901.html#login_form
  36. ^ http://rajasthanpatrika.patrika.com/news/market-may-shut-down-three-year-in-jaipur/1177167.html#login_form
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]