Jakarta LRT

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Jakarta LRT & Jabodebek LRT
LRT Jakarta - Hyundai Rotem LRV in Boulevard Utara Station.jpg
Jakarta LRT at Boulevard Utara station
Overview
Owner Government of Jakarta
Locale Jakarta, Indonesia
Transit type Light metro
Number of lines Jakarta LRT: 7
Jabodebek LRT: 3
Number of stations 18 (first phase), 41 (future)
Operation
Operation will start 2018 (planned)
Technical
System length 42.1 km (26.2 mi) (initial), 130.4 km (planned)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Planned Jabodebek LRT lines

Jakarta LRT Lines.svg

Jakarta Light Rail Transit (Jakarta LRT) and Jabodebek Light Rail Transit (Jabodebek LRT) are the light metro system currently under construction in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. It has two executing authorities. Routes within Jakarta is being implemented by DKI provincial government and routes that connect Greater Jakarta is being implemented by the central government. The system is planned to connect Jakarta city center with suburbs in Greater Jakarta such as Bogor, Depok and Bekasi.[1]

Background[edit]

Hyundai Rotem LRV leaving Velodrome station during a limited trial run on 7 September 2018
Some of the abandoned Jakarta Monorail project pillars will be used in the LRT project

The Jakarta light rail transit project is aimed to tackle Jakarta's high road traffic congestion. The LRT project is substitutes the Jakarta Monorail project which has been cancelled.[2]

The monorail project in Jakarta was planned since the early 2000s. Construction commenced in 2004 but immediately stalled due to insufficient funding. In 2005 the initial pylons were constructed, however the project was abandoned altogether in 2008, leaving the unfinished pylons blocking roads. The monorail line design, including a Green loop line and Blue line, gained criticism, as it only connected shopping malls in Jakarta's city center, and would not connect to Jakarta's suburbs, which desperately need transportation infrastructure, and thus would not be useful for Jakartan commuters. Transportation experts deemed that the city center monorail project would not address Jakarta's traffic problems, but would only serve as a novelty tourists' ride.[3] To answer the need for commuter infrastructure, a consortium of five state owned enterprises, led by PT Adhi Karya (previously part of the Jakarta Monorail consortium), proposed the construction of a 39.036 km (24 mi) monorail line connecting Cibubur-Cawang-Kuningan and Bekasi-Cawang across Greater Jakarta.[4] The line will connect the 'Green' and 'Blue' lines originally planned by PT Jakarta Monorail to Jakarta's suburbs Cibubur and Bekasi.[5]

In 2013 the Jakarta monorail project was revived and relaunched. In mid 2014 however, the project was stalled after disagreement between PT Jakarta Monorel, the developer/operator, and the Jakarta Municipal Government over land acquisition for the depot as well as the station designs.[6] Following the disagreements, by 2015 the Jakarta Municipal Government terminated its contract with PT Jakarta Monorel; thus monorail project was disbanded altogether. The numerous stalled monorail support poles will be used by state-owned construction company PT Adhi Karya to develop Jakarta's light rail transit instead.[2] The shift of choice from monorail to light rail transit (LRT) system was based on several considerations; compared to monorail, LRT has higher passenger capacity, simpler intersection and switching system, and cheaper maintenance cost.

As of May 2018, the construction progress is 39%.[7]

System Network[edit]

Jakarta LRT by DKI Provincial Government[edit]

Total cost of the project will cost around Rp 60 trillion.[8] DKI Jakarta Provincial Government plans 7 routes for LRT within the city as follows,

Under construction[edit]

  •  LRT Line A  Phase 1 - Pegangsaan Dua - Kelapa Gading - Velodrome Line along 4.7 km[9]
  •  LRT Line A  Phase 2 - Velodrome - Tanah Abang along 11.8 km[10]

Planned[edit]

  • Kemayoran - Kelapa Gading along 21.6 km
  • Joglo - Tanah Abang along 11 km
  • Puri Kembangan - Tanah Abang along 9.3 km
  • Pesing - Kelapa Gading along 20.7 km
  • Pesing - Soekarno-Hatta Airport along 18.5 km
  • Cempaka Putih - Ancol along 10 km.

Construction of Route 1 started on 22 June 2016. The first six kilometers of the route connecting the Kelapa Gading Depot to Velodrome Station was 29.61% complete by June 26, 2017. It was planned for construction to be complete by late 2017 - early 2018, 2 or 3 months ahead of schedule.[11] It was expected to be operational before the 2018 Asian Games.[12] However, this did not happen as construction is not yet finished and the Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) considered that buses would be more effective in transporting the athletes.[13][14] The test run for the LRT which was scheduled on 10 August was delayed to 15 August 2018.[15]

Jabodebek LRT by Central Government[edit]

In 2015 it was announced that the Indonesian Cabinet Secretary has endorsed to build the three light rail transit lines of the system.[16][17] Total investment cost of this project is estimated to reach 23.8 trillion rupiah (1.8 billion US dollars).[18]

  •  LRT Line 1  - Senayan-Baranangsiang Line
    • Station Name: Senayan - Gelora - Palmerah - Dukuh Atas - Kuningan Sentral - Soemantri Brodjonegoro - Kuningan - SMESCO - Pancoran - Tebet BKPM - Cikoko - Cawang - Taman Mini - Kampung Rambutan - Ciracas - Cibubur - Cimanggis - Sirkuit Sentul - Sentul City - Baranangsiang
  •  LRT Line 2  - Cawang-Bekasi Timur Line
    • Station Name: Cawang - Jaticempaka - Jatibening - Cikunir - Bekasi Barat - Bekasi Timur[19]
  •  LRT Line 3  - Palmerah-Grogol Line
    • Station Name: Palmerah - Tomang - Grogol

The construction phase of extension for the planned route from Grogol - Pesing - Rawa Buaya - Kamal Raya - Dadap - Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is proposed, but was not mentioned in Presidential Regulations No. 98/2015 (PERPRES Nomor 98/Th. 2015).[17]

Phase I[edit]

The first phase of the LRT project will cost 11.9 trillion rupiah (903.6 million US dollars).A groundbreaking ceremony was held on September 9, 2015, with the first phase of the construction connecting Cibubur in East Jakarta with Dukuh Atas in Central Jakarta, passing through Cawang intersection. This phase will be 42.1 kilometers long, which include 18 stations, and was expected to be open to the public before the 2018 Asian Games[20], though this did not happen.

The first phase of LRT by central government is planned to include three lines:[21]

  • Cibubur-Cawang: 13.7 kilometres (Phase I A)
  • Cawang-Dukuh Atas: 10.5 kilometres (Phase I A)
  • Bekasi Timur-Cawang: 17.9 kilometres (Phase I B)

Construction of Phase I began on September 9, 2015 and was initially predicted to be finished by late 2017. However, due to funding restructuring and land acquisition disputes, the project has failed to meet timeline. The development progress has reached 39% as of May 2018.

Phase II[edit]

The second phase will be the extentension of the lines of the first phase:

  • Cibubur-Bogor Baranangsiang
  • Dukuh Atas-Palmerah-Senayan
  • Palmerah-Grogol

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rencana LRT di Jakarta". Kompas (in Indonesian). Jakarta. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Ahok confirms cancellation of monorail project". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Wiji Nurhayat (27 October 2012). "Monorel Lebih Cocok Untuk Angkutan Wisata". Detik Finance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Adhi Karya Bangun Monorel Cibubur-Cawang-Kuningan". Investor Daily. 
  5. ^ "State Firms Propose Jakarta Monorail Extension". Jakarta Globe. May 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ Syailendra (16 October 2013). "Begini Desain Stasiun Monorel Jakarta". Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Embu, Wilfridus Setu (6 June 2018). "Begini prospek terbaru pembangunan LRT Jabodebek | merdeka.com". Merdeka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 July 2018. 
  8. ^ "Ini Tujuh Rute LRT Impian Ahok". 
  9. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (2018-08-24). "Kemenhub Lakukan Operasional Terbatas untuk LRT Kelapa Gading - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-09-07. 
  10. ^ "LRT Fase II Velodrome-Tanah Abang Berikan Keuntungan Investor". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-09-07. 
  11. ^ Panji Baskhara Ramadhan (July 27, 2017). "PT Jakpro Yakin Konstruksi Fisik LRT Kelapa Gading-Velodrome Rampung Desember 2017". 
  12. ^ "In August 2018, Kelapa Gading-Rawamangun LRT to Commence Operation". 
  13. ^ Wuragil, Zacharias (12 August 2018). "Duh, LRT Jakarta Akhirnya Gagal Ikut Asian Games". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  14. ^ "LRT gagal beroperasi saat Asian Games Jakarta" (in Indonesian). Antara. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  15. ^ Manurung, M Yusuf (15 August 2018). "Kantongi Izin dari Kemenhub, Hari Ini LRT Uji Operasi". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  16. ^ "The acceleration of the implementation of light rail transit in the region of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok dan Bekasi" (PDF). Indonesian Cabinet Secretary. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "The acceleration of the implementation of light rail transit in the region of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok dan Bekasi" (PDF). Indonesian Cabinet Secretary. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Besok, Proyek LRT Akan Dimulai". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). 8 September 2015. 
  19. ^ Dana Aditiasari (August 17, 2016). "LRT Bekasi-Cawang 18,5 Km, Dilengkapi 6 Stasiun". 
  20. ^ Raditya Margi (9 September 2015). "Jokowi kicks off LRT construction". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  21. ^ "Jokowi Tekan Tombol Percepatan Pembangunan LRT". Kompas (in Indonesian). Jakarta. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 

External links[edit]