Jakarta MRT

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Jakarta MRT
MRT Jakarta logo.svg
MRT Jakarta train in Lebak Bulus Depot.jpg
Jakarta MRT at Lebak Bulus depot
Overview
Native nameModa Raya Terpadu (MRT) Jakarta
OwnerGovernment of Jakarta
LocaleJakarta, Indonesia
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines2 (1 operational, 1 planned)
Number of stations13 (North-South line, first phase)
Daily ridership80,000[1]
HeadquartersWisma Nusantara, 21st Floor, Jalan Mohammad Husni Thamrin 59, Jakarta, 10350, Indonesia
WebsiteMRT Jakarta
Operation
Began operation24 March 2019; 3 months ago (2019-03-24)
Operator(s)PT MRT Jakarta
CharacterElevated & underground
Number of vehicles16 six-car MRTJ 1000 series trainsets
Headway5 minutes (peak)
10 minutes (off-peak)[2][3]
Technical
System length15.7 km (9.8 mi) (first phase)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500V DC overhead catenary
Top speed80 km/h (elevated section), 100 km/h (underground section)
System map

The Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit (Indonesian: Moda Raya Terpadu) or Jakarta MRT is a rapid transit system in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The trainset is colloquially named Ratangga which means war chariot in the ancient Javanese language.[4] The Jakarta MRT is the first subway or underground railway system in Indonesia.

The system is operated by PT MRT Jakarta, a municipally owned corporation of the city of Jakarta. Phase 1 of the project (Lebak Bulus to Bundaran HI) was officially opened on March 24, 2019.[5][6] It operates 285 trips daily from 5 AM until midnight, with 5 minutes headway.[7]

Background[edit]

Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, harbouring 10 million inhabitants, one third of the population of Greater Jakarta. It is estimated that over four million residents of the surrounding Greater Jakarta area commute to and from the city each working day. Transport issues have increasingly begun to attract political attention and it has been foreseen that without a major transportation breakthrough, the city will have complete traffic gridlock by 2020.[8]

Currently, public transportation in Jakarta serves only 56% of commuter trips.[9] This figure urgently needs to be raised, as the city's 9.5% average annual growth rate of vehicles far exceeds the increase in road length between 2005 and 2010.[10]

Public transportation now mainly consists of the TransJakarta bus rapid transit system, the World's longest BRT system with a length of 230 kilometers, and includes 1 elevated line and 12 at ground level,[11] the KRL Jabodetabek Metro Jakarta Electrified Train System, Southeast Asia’s longest electrified metropolitan transit system with 418 kilometers length consisting of 1 elevated line and 5 at ground level,[12] and various types of independent buses, starting from the very small bemo and pickup-truck sized mikrolet, to slightly larger minibuses such as the widely used MetroMini and Kopaja minibuses and full sized city buses. There are also both two and four wheeled taxis.

Funding[edit]

Phase 1 of the project was funded through a soft loan (Rp 16 trillion) from JICA with a 30 years tenure and 0.25% interest per annum.[13][14]The loan number IP is 536 (signed November 2006) for engineering services. The engineering services loan is a pre-construction loan to prepare the construction phase. It consists of:

  • Basic Design package, managed by the DGR (Directorate General of Railways, Ministry of Transport)
  • Management and Operation package, managed by the Bappeda (Jakarta Regional Planning Board)
  • Construction assistance in tender, managed by the PT MRT Jakarta

Phase 2 was funded though a similar loan scheme with a 40 years tenure, allowing a 10 years grace period. The first stage of phase 2 funding (Rp 9.4 trillion) incurred 0.1% interest per annumn.[15] Phase 2 funding (Rp 25 trillion) will cover a portion of phase 1 excess expenditure (Rp 2.5 trillion), which among other as a result of regulatory requirement update for earthquake mitigation. [16]

Construction progress[edit]

Jakarta MRT underground section between Dukuh Atas station and Bundaran HI, in March 2018
Jakarta MRT traincar being unloaded in Port of Tanjung Priok in Jakarta, April 2018

Phase 1[edit]

A total of eight contracts were awarded.

  • CP 101 (Construction of Lebak Bulus Depot, Lebak Bulus & Fatmawati stations and related tunnelling works) awarded to Tokyu Corporation-Wijaya Karya consortium.
  • CP 102 (Construction of Cipete Raya station and related tunnelling works) awarded to Tokyu Corporation-Wijaya Karya consortium.
  • CP 103 (Construction of Haji Nawi, Blok A, Block M & ASEAN stations and related tunnelling works) awarded to Obayashi Corporation-Shimizu Corporation-PT Jaya Konstruksi JV.
  • CP 104 (Construction of Senayan & Istora stations and related tunnelling works awarded to Shimizu Corporation-Obayashi Corporation-PT Wijaya Karya-PT Jaya Konstruksi JV.
  • CP 105 (Construction of Bendungan Hilir & Senayan stations and related tunnelling works awarded to Shimizu Corporation-Obayashi Corporation-PT Wijaya Karya-PT Jaya Konstruksi JV.
  • CP 106 (Construction of Dukuh Atas & Bundaran HI stations and related tunnelling works awarded to Sumitomo Mitsui Construction Company-PT Hutama Karya consortium.
  • CP 107 (Construction of railway systems, signalling and trackworks) awarded to Metro One consortium.
  • CP 108 (Construction of rolling stock) awarded to Sumitomo Corporation & Nippon Sharyo consortium.

On 1 June 2013, the first three civil contracts for the 9.2 km (5.7 mi) underground section were signed. Three civil engineering contracts for the elevated section were signed in the third quarter of 2013. Construction work began in October 2013.[17]

Tunnelling was completed on 23 February 2017. On 14 March 2017, the first phase, including the construction of tunnel and upper deck, met the target completion date.[18]

By October 2017, the construction of both elevated and underground line sections were completed.[19] Construction of the elevated section from Lebak Bulus to Senayan was 78.37% complete, while the underground section from Senayan to Bundaran HI reached 93.95 percent as of 26 November 2018.[20]

By December 2017, construction progress had reached 98.01% and was on track to be operational by March 2019. On 31 January 2019, the administration updated that the construction progress for the elevated section had reached 98.59% (98.43% for the elevated section and 98.74% for the underground section).

On 28 February 2019, construction progress reached 99.06%, and the remaining works left were the finishing touches for station entrances and signs. Ahead of its official opening, a limited public trial run was conducted from 12 March 2019 to 23 March 2019. The official opening ceremony was held on 24 March 2019 by the Indonesian president.

Phase 2[edit]

A total of 6 contracts were put up.

  • CP 200 (Construction of underground electrical substation near Monas station) awarded to PT Trocon Indah Perkasa.
  • CP 201 (Construction of Sarinah & Monas stations and related tunnelling works).
  • CP 202 (Construction of Harmoni, Sawah Besar & Mangga Besar stations and related tunnelling works).
  • CP 203 (Construction of Glodok & Kota stations and related tunnelling works).
  • CP 205 (Construction of railway systems, signalling & trackworks).
  • CP 206 (Construction of additional rolling stock).

Groundbreaking for Phase 2 was initially planned to begin on 19 December 2018. However, due to land acquisition issues, it was pushed back a month, to January 2019. On 30 January 2019, President Director of PT MRT Jakarta, William Sabandar announced that the groundbreaking ceremony is delayed again as the State Secreteriat has yet to issue a land-use permit for the area near Medan Merdeka.[21]

The groundbreaking of MRT Jakarta Phase 2 was finally held on 24 March 2019. Construction will begin later in 2019 and is expected to be completed by 2024. The depot for the second phase is to be constructed at Ancol.[22]

Network[edit]

The Jakarta MRT is expected to stretch across over 108 kilometers, including 21.7 kilometers for the Red (North-South) Line (from Lebak Bulus to Kota) and 87 kilometers for the Yellow (East-West) Line (from Cikarang to Balaraja).

The following table lists the MRT lines that are currently operational, under construction or planned:

Name and color Commencement Terminus Stations Length Depot Operator
Operational
North-South line
(Phase 1)
24 March 2019 Lebak Bulus
Bundaran HI
13 15.7 km (9.8 mi) Lebak Bulus
Ancol Barat
PT MRT Jakarta
Planned
North-South line
(Phase 2)
2024 Bundaran HI
Kota
7 7.8 km (4.8 mi) Lebak Bulus
Ancol Barat
PT MRT Jakarta
North-South line
(Phase 2 Extension)
TBA Mangga Dua
Ancol Barat
4 5.2 km (3.2 mi) Lebak Bulus
Ancol Barat
PT MRT Jakarta
East-West line
(Phase 3)
TBA Kembangan
Ujung Menteng
24 31.7 km (19.7 mi) TBA PT MRT Jakarta

Red Line (North–South)[edit]

Jakarta MRT
North–South MRT line
Kota
 K1   K2   K6 Roundeltjk1.png Roundetjk12.png
Glodok
Roundeltjk1.png
Mangga Besar
Roundeltjk1.png
Sawah Besar
Roundeltjk1.png
Harmoni
Roundeltjk1.png Roundeltjk2.png Roundeltjk3.png
Monas
Sarinah
 M2  Roundeltjk1.png
Phase 2: opening 2024
Phase 1: operational
Bundaran HI
Roundeltjk1.png
Dukuh Atas BNI
 K3   ARS   L2 
Roundeltjk1.png Roundeltjk4.png Roundeltjk6.png
Setiabudi Astra
Roundeltjk1.png
Bendungan Hilir
Roundeltjk1.png
Roundetjk9.png
Istora Mandiri
Roundeltjk1.png
Senayan
Roundeltjk1.png
Roundeltjk4.png
ASEAN
Roundeltjk1.png
Blok M BCA
Roundeltjk1.png
Roundetjk13.png
Blok A
Haji Nawi
Cipete Raya
Fatmawati
Lebak Bulus Grab
Roundetjk8.png
Jakarta MRT passengers waiting for the train
Inside the train
Platform screen doors at ASEAN MRT station
MRT Jakarta System Map

The Red (North–South) line will be built in two phases. After completion of MRT Phase 1 and 2, the MRT together with TransJakarta are predicted to serve 60 percent total trips made by Jakartans. A groundbreaking ceremony was held on 10 October 2013, targeting to conduct Integration Test & Commissioning in August 2018, followed by an operational test from December 2018 through February 2019.[20][23]

Region Station Name Interchange/Notes
Phase 2 (planned, to be ready by 2024)
West Jakarta Kota Planned interchange with KRL Icon Red.svg KRL Icon Blue.svg KRL Icon Pink.svg
Glodok
Mangga Besar
Central Jakarta Sawah Besar
Harmoni
Monas
Sarinah Planned interchange with  M2 
Phase 1
Central Jakarta Bundaran HI Terminus until the completion of Phase 2.
Dukuh Atas BNI Interchange with KRL Icon Yellow.svg  ARS 

Planned interchange with  LA   L1 

Setiabudi Astra
Bendungan Hilir
Istora Mandiri
Senayan
South Jakarta ASEAN[24] Initially named 'Sisingamangaraja'
Blok M BCA
Blok A
Haji Nawi
Cipete Raya
Fatmawati
Lebak Bulus Grab Terminus

Phase 1[edit]

Phase 1 connects Lebak Bulus to Bundaran HI along 15.7 kilometres and consists of 13 stations (7 elevated stations and 6 underground stations).[25] The Indonesian Ministry of Transport approved this plan in September 2010 and invited tenders. Construction began in October 2013.[23]

Phase 1 was opened for free service on 24 March 2019. Commercial service began on 1 April 2019.[26] Phase 1 is expected to serve 212,000 passengers per day. This expected capacity may be maxed out to 960,000 per day. The 15.7 kilometre distance is covered in under 30 minutes.[27] Within its first month of operations, 82,000 passengers used the line daily.[28]

Phase 2[edit]

Phase 2 will extend the Red (North–South) line northwards, from Bundaran HI to Kota and consists of 7 stations over 7.8 kilometres. It is planned to be operational by 2024.

Initially, the plan was to connect the Bundaran HI to Kampung Bandan in North Jakarta. However, land acquisition issues hindered the process, prompting the administration to find an alternative location, which will also be designed as the train’s depot.

On 1 January 2019, president director of MRT Jakarta, William Sabandar said the city administration had decided to make Kota the final station for Phase 2. On 20 February 2019, it was announced that Phase 2 will be extended further, towards Ancol. It is currently under feasibility studies. The extension has been called Phase 2 Extension.[29] Phase 2 construction is expected to cost Rp 22.5 trillion.[30]

Yellow Line (East–West)[edit]

A second line is planned to run east-west, from Cikarang (West Java) to Balaraja (Banten) via Central Jakarta. It is envisioned to be 87 kilometres long. Just like the North-South line, the East-West line will also be built in phases. The East-West line is planned to interchange with the North-South line at Sarinah Station.[31]

Phase 3[edit]

Phase 3 will be 31.7 kilometres long and stretches from Kembangan in West Jakarta to Ujung Menteng in East Jakarta. It is currently under architectural design studies and construction is targeted to begin in Q2 2020.[32]

Fares and ticketing[edit]

Kartu Jelajah (single trip) by MRT Jakarta

The charged fare for a trip on the MRT starts at Rp 3,000, increasing by Rp 1,000 for every station passed. A trip spanning the entire existing line in 2019 would cost a passenger Rp 14,000.[33]

The Jakarta MRT employs a cashless fare payment system. A dedicated contactless smart card known as the 'Jelajah' can be purchased from the ticketing machines or ticket offices located at every station. Other accepted forms of payment include electronic prepaid cards such as the JakLingko, E-Money (Mandiri), Brizzi (BRI), Tap Cash (BNI), Flazz (BCA) and JakCard (DKI). [34]

Passengers are required to tap their cards at the ticket gates when entering and exiting the paid area of the stations.

Safety and security[edit]

Half-height Platform Screen Doors (PSDs) are installed at platforms of elevated stations, while full-height Platform Screen Doors are used at platforms of the underground stations.

Trains and stations are equipped with CCTVs, which are monitored from the control room. Medical rooms are also available at every station to provide first-aid to passengers and workers, if necessary.[35] Security officers are regularly stationed at stations and trains.

Rolling stock[edit]

Jakarta MRT train
Jakarta MRT identification mark, this particular trainset is K1 1 18 19

Contract CP 108 for the procurement of rolling stock for the Jakarta MRT was awarded to a consortium led by Sumitomo Corporation, on 3 March 2015.[36] 16 six-cars trainsets were ordered at a cost of ¥ 10,835,357,676 and Rp 145,425,714,615, paid in mixed currencies.[37] The trains were built in Nippon Sharyo's Toyokawa Plant in Aichi, Japan.[38]

Each car measures 20 m (65 ft 7 in) in length, 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in) in width and 3.9 m (12 ft 10 in) in height.[39] These trains utilizes CBTC signaling system and equipped to Automatic Train Operation (ATO) GoA 2, with drivers operating the doors and driving in case of emergency. [40]. Like the KRL Commuterline, the MRT trains are also powered via overhead catenary.[41]

Jakarta MRT trains in operation

On 10 January 2018, the Governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan gave first batch of MRT Jakarta trainsets the name "Ratangga". The name was derived from the old Javanese word for chariots.[42] It offers a women-only carriage during morning peak hours from 7AM to 9AM and in the afternoon from 5PM to 7PM.[43]

PT Mass Rapid Transit Jakarta[edit]

PT Mass Rapid Transit Jakarta (PT MRTJ) is a limited company (perseroan terbatas, PT) founded by the Government of Jakarta Province. Its establishment was approved by the provincial parliament (DPRD) on 10 June 2008 and the company was officially incorporated on 17 June 2008. Its purpose is to operate the Jakarta MRT system. 99% of the shares are owned by the Government of Jakarta and 1% Perusahaan Umum Daerah Pasar Jaya (a municipal public corporation of Jakarta mainly operating marketplaces).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tarif Normal Tak Pengaruhi Jumlah Penumpang MRT". Republika. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Kereta MRT Jakarta Tambah Jadi 16 Rangkaian Mulai 1 Mei". Detaik. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Perbaikan Rel Selesai, "Headway" MRT Kembali Normal 10 Menit". KOMPAS (in Indonesian). 21 March 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Anies aims to make local language 'great again'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  5. ^ Bernhart Farras & Chandra Gian Asmara (March 24, 2019). "Resmikan MRT Jakarta, Jokowi: Sebuah Peradaban Baru Dimulai".
  6. ^ "Jakarta metro inaugurated". Metro Report. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  7. ^ "MRT Jakarta cuts train operations by half over Idul Fitri". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/dsd/susdevtopics/sdt_pdfs/meetings2010/egm0310/presentation_Rini.pdf
  10. ^ "United Nations Forum On Climate Change Mitigation, Fuel Economy And Sustainable Development Of Urban Transport" (PDF). Urban Public Transport System in Jakarta. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
  11. ^ "Koridor – PT Transportasi Jakarta". transjakarta.co.id. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  12. ^ "Tentang Kami".
  13. ^ https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/10/25/indonesia-jica-sign-deal-on-loan-for-mrt-phase-ii-project.html
  14. ^ https://industri.kontan.co.id/news/foke-pembangunan-fisik-mrt-harus-kelar-tahun-2016
  15. ^ Simorangkir, Eduardo. "Mengintip Skema Pembayaran Utang Pembangunan MRT Jakarta". detikfinance. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  16. ^ Simorangkir, Eduardo. "Mengintip Skema Pembayaran Utang Pembangunan MRT Jakarta". detikfinance. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  17. ^ "Jakarta metro contracts signed". Railway Gazette. 13 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Pengeboran Jalur "Underground" di MRT Fase I Sudah Selesai". March 14, 2017.
  19. ^ "MRT Jakarta focuses on constructing stations, depot". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Inilah Progres Terbaru Konstruksi, Armada dan Rekrutmen MRT Jakarta". December 1, 2017.
  21. ^ "Groundbreaking MRT Fase II Molor (Lagi)". January 30, 2019.
  22. ^ "MRT Jakarta decides on Ancol as site of depot in Phase II construction". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  23. ^ a b "MTR Academy Signs Memorandum of Understanding with MRT Jakarta to Support Development of Indonesia's First Mass Transit System" (PDF). MTR. 28 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Menjajal Ratangga, MRT Jakarta yang Diuji Coba Hari Ini". March 12, 2019.
  25. ^ "Stasiun dan Fasilitas" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  26. ^ "Tarif Belum Diketok, Warga Masih Bisa Nikmati MRT Cuma-cuma Sampai Akhir Maret". Merdeka.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  27. ^ "MRT construction likely to disrupt public utility networks". October 7, 2011.
  28. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief (30 April 2019). "Sebulan Operasi, MRT Angkut 82.615 Penumpang Per Hari". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Lokasi Depo Belum Pasti, Pembangunan MRT Fase II Dibagi 2 Tahap". January 18, 2019.
  30. ^ Farras, Bernhart (24 March 2019). "Pembangunan MRT Jakarta Fase 2 Telan Rp 22,5 T". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  31. ^ "MRT Fase III Cikarang - Balaraja akan Mulai Dibangun Kuartal II 2020". March 24, 2019.
  32. ^ "MRT akan Membentang dari Kalideres Hingga Ujung Menteng". March 24, 2019.
  33. ^ Tambun, Lenny Tristia (26 March 2019). "Jakarta Sets MRT Ticket Price". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  34. ^ "MRT Jakarta opens at half-price fares for April". April 1, 2019.
  35. ^ "MRT Jakarta gears up for passenger safety". February 26, 2019.
  36. ^ "Kontrak Rolling Stock Proyek MRT Jakarta Ditandatangani" (PDF) (Press release) (in Indonesian). PT MRT Jakarta. 3 March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2015.
  37. ^ Hutapea, Erwin (28 August 2018). "16 Rangkaian Kereta MRT Diuji Coba hingga Awal 2019". Kompas.com. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  38. ^ Riana, Friski (11 December 2017). "Melihat Kereta MRT Jakarta Diproduksi: Tak Lagi Mirip Jangkrik". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  39. ^ "Kereta MRT Jakarta: Untuk Kenyamanan Mobilitas Penumpang". MRT Jakarta (in Indonesian). 16 January 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  40. ^ "CBTC: Untuk Keamanan, Kenyamanan, dan Keandalan MRT Jakarta". MRT Jakarta (in Indonesian). 3 December 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  41. ^ "MRT Jakarta to be fully operational in 2024". Investor Daily. PwC. 2 July 2018.
  42. ^ Farozy, Iko Haidar (10 December 2018). "Nama Kereta MRT Jakarta Diresmikan Gubernur DKI". Railway Enthusiast Digest. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  43. ^ "MRT Sediakan Satu Kabin Kereta Khusus Penumpang Wanita di Jam-jam Sibuk". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). 13 March 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.

External links[edit]