Jakarta gubernatorial election, 2017

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Jakarta gubernatorial election, 2017
Flag of Jakarta (vectorised).svg
← 2012 15 February and 19 April 2017 2022 →
Turnout 77.0%[1]

  AniesBaswedan1.JPG Basuki Tjahaja Purnama.jpg
Nominee Anies Baswedan Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Party Gerindra PDI-P
Running mate Sandiaga Uno Djarot Saiful Hidayat
Popular vote 3,240,987 2,350,366
Percentage 57.96% 42.04%

District results of the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election.png
Results by subdistrict. Districts won by Anies Baswedan are in red (), while the ones won by Basuki Tjahaja Purnama are in blue (). Lighter shades (or) indicate a winning majority of less than 5%.

Governor before election

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
PDI-P

Elected Governor

Anies Baswedan
Gerindra

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Two rounds of a gubernatorial election were held in Jakarta as part of the 2017 simultaneous elections on 15 February and 19 April 2017 to elect the Governor of Jakarta to a five-year term. Incumbent governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, popularly referred to as "Ahok", and his deputy Djarot Saiful Hidayat were running for re-election to a second term. Basuki, who inherited his current position from his running mate Joko Widodo when he won the 2014 Indonesian presidential election, would have become the first elected Chinese-Christian governor of Jakarta had he won.

Under the constitution, if no candidate secured a majority of the votes, a runoff election would be held between the top two candidates. The results of quick counts in the first round indicated that Purnama led by a narrow 3–4% margin, and that a runoff would be held on 19 April.

Quick counts for the 19 April runoff indicated that Anies Baswedan was elected as governor; Ahok concedes defeat hours after the polls closed. The official results of the election is Anies Baswedan - Sandiaga Uno 57.96% to Basuki Tjahaja Purnama - Djarot Saiful Hidayat 42.04% published by the KPU in May;[2][3] however, unofficial tallies from the election commission showed that Baswedan won 58% to Ahok's 42%.[4][5]

Candidates[edit]

Under regulations, only political parties having 22 seats or more in the regional parliament (DPRD) can put forward a candidate. Political parties with fewer seats can put forward a candidate only if they have acquired support from other political parties. Independent candidates are able to run if they have gathered at least 532,213 signatures from local residents, which will be verified by the local election committee.

This election will be contested by three candidates together with their running mate.[6]

# Candidate Running mate Parties
1 Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono Sylviana Murni Democratic Party (Indonesia).svg Partai Demokrat (10 seats)
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (10 seats)
Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa (6 seats)
Partai Amanat Nasional (2 seats)

Total 28 seats (26.4%)

2 Basuki Tjahaja Purnama Djarot Saiful Hidayat Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (28 seats)
Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat Logo.svg Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat (10 seats)
Partai Golongan Karya (9 seats)
Partai Nasional Demokrat (5 seats)

Total 52 seats (49.1%)

3 Anies Rasyid Baswedan Sandiaga Uno Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya (15 seats)
Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (11 seats)

Total 26 seats (24.5%)

Campaign and issues[edit]

Racism[edit]

A candidate and a member of a minority ethnic group, Basuki has become the subject of occasional racist comments. During the 2017 gubernatorial campaign, he was regularly targeted by ultra-conservatives and supporters of rival candidates for being of Chinese descent. Furthermore, Basuki's "double minority" background makes him a target of the hardliner Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). The group called for the revision of the Jakarta constitution to remove some of the governor's responsibilities for government-affiliated Islamic organizations.

Allegations of Quran insult[edit]

On 27 September 2016, in a speech in front of citizens of Thousand Islands, Ahok noted that some citizens would not vote for him because they are being "deceived using Verse 51 of Al Maidah and variations of it,"[7] referring to a verse that some groups have cited as grounds to oppose him.[8] The provincial government of Jakarta uploaded the video recording to YouTube in a channel which often feature Ahok's activities.[9] Citizens and pundits criticized Ahok's statement, considering it an insult on the Quran.[7] The video became viral and Ahok was widely criticized in social media such as Facebook and Twitter. A Change.org petition criticising him gained tens of thousands of signatures.[9]

Pre-election surveys[edit]

First round[edit]

Poll source Date Sample size Mayor Infanteri Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono, M.Sc., MPA.png Basuki Tjahaja Purnama.jpg AniesBaswedan1.JPG Lead Error margin
Agus Basuki Anies
Median[10] 29 Jan – 2 Feb 2017 800 26.1% 29.8% 27.8% 2.0% ± 3.4%
Poltracking[11] 29 Jan – 2 Feb 2017 800 25.75% 30.13% 31.50% 1.37% ± 3.46%
Populi Center[12] 28 Jan – 2 Feb 2017 600 21.8% 40.0% 30.3% 9.7% ± 4.0%
Poltracking[13] 24–29 Jan 2017 800 25.8% 30.1% 31.5% 1.4% ± 3.5%
Charta Politika[14] 17–24 Jan 2017 767 25.9% 36.8% 27.0% 9.8% ± 3.5%
SMRC[15] 14–22 Jan 2017 800 22.5% 34.8% 26.4% 8.4% ± 3.9%
Populi Center[16] 14–19 Jan 2017 600 25.0% 36.7% 28.5% 8.2% ± 4.0%
Indikator[17] 12–20 Jan 2017 808 23.6% 38.2% 23.8% 14.4% ± 3.8%
Lembaga Survei Indonesia[18] 3–11 Dec 2016 800 26.5% 31.8% 23.9% 5.3% ± 3.5%
LSI Denny JA[19] 1–6 Dec 2016 440 33.6% 27.1% 23.6% 6.5% ± 4.8%
Charta Politika[20] 17–24 Nov 2016 733 29.5% 28.9% 26.7% 0.6% ± 3.5%
Indikator[21] 15–22 Nov 2016 798 30.4% 26.2% 24.5% 4.2% ± 3.6%
Poltracking[22] 7–17 Nov 2016 1200 19.2% 15.9% 14.3% 3.3% ± 2.8%
LSI Denny JA[23] 31 Oct – 5 Nov 2016 440 32.3% 10.6% 31.9% 0.4% ± 4.8%
Indocon[24] 18–30 Oct 2016 575 26.4% 30.1% 21.6% 3.7% ± 4.0%
Kedai KOPI[25] 19–24 Oct 2016 694 21.0% 27.5% 23.9% 3.6% ± 4.0%
SMRC[26] 1–9 Oct 2016 648 22.4% 45.4% 20.7% 23.0% ± 3.9%
Median[27] 26 Sep – 1 Oct 2016 500 21.0% 34.2% 25.4% 8.8% ± 4.4%
Populi Center[27] 25 Sep – 1 Oct 2016 600 15.8% 45.5% 23.5% 22.0% ± 4.0%
LSI Denny JA[27] 26–30 Sep 2016 440 19.3% 31.4% 21.1% 10.3% ± 4.8%

Second round[edit]

Poll source Date Sample size Basuki Tjahaja Purnama.jpg AniesBaswedan1.JPG Lead Error margin
Basuki Anies
Median[28] 21–27 Feb 2017 800 39.7% 46.3% 6.6% ± 3,4%
LSI Denny JA[29] 27 Feb – 3 Mar 2017 440 40.5% 49.7% 9.2% ± 4.8%
SMRC[30] 31 Mar – 5 Apr 2017 446 46.9% 47.9% 1.0% ± 4.7%
Median[31] 1–6 Apr 2017 1,200 43.5% 49.8% 6.3% ± 2.9%
LSI Denny JA[32] 7–9 Apr 2017 440 42.7% 51.4% 8.7% ± 4.8%
Charta Politika[33] 7–12 Apr 2017 782 47.3% 44.8% 2.5% ± 3.5%
Indikator[34] 12–14 Apr 2017 495 47.4% 48.2% 0.8% ± 4.5%
Median[35] 13–14 Apr 2017 550 47.1% 49.0% 1.9% ± 4.2%

Table[edit]

e • d Summary of the 15 February and 19 April 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election result
Candidates Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia-Perjuangan) PDI-P 2,364,577 42.99% 2,350,366 42.04%
Anies Baswedan Gerindra Gerindra 2,197,333 39.95% 3,240,987 57.96%
Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono Demokrat PD 937,955 17.05%
Total 5,499,865 100% 5,591,353 100%
Valid votes 5,499,865 98.84% 5,591,353 98.97%
Spoilt and null votes 64,448 1.16% 58,075 1.03%
Turnout 5,564,313 75.64% 5,649,428 77.02%
Abstentions 1,792,113 24.36% 1,686,045 22.98%
Registered voters 7,356,426 7,335,473
Source: Electoral Commission of Jakarta (first round), Electoral Commission of Jakarta (second round)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Berita Acara Rekapitulasi Pilkada DKI Jakarta Tingkat 2" (PDF) (in Indonesian). 29 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  2. ^ Joe Cochrane (19 April 2017). "Jakarta Governor Concedes Defeat in Religiously Tinged Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "Jakarta's 'Ahok' concedes heavy defeat in governor race". South China Morning Post. 
  4. ^ "Indonesia has been mercifully resistant to extremism—until now". The Economist. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  5. ^ http://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2017/04/20/21125081/hasil.final.real.count.kpu.anies-sandi.57.95.ahok-djarot.42.05.
  6. ^ Agus-Sylvi Nomor Urut 1, Ahok-Djarot Nomor 2, Anies-Sandiaga Nomor Urut 3.Kompas.com. Diakses pada 25 Oktober 2016
  7. ^ a b Sasongko, Agung (6 October 2016). "Video Ahok: Anda Dibohongi Alquran Surat Al-Maidah 51 Viral di Medsos". Republika. 
  8. ^ "Basuki Tjahaja Purnama: Jakarta's governor". BBC News. 4 November 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Soal Al Maidah 51, Ahok: Saya Tak Berniat Melecehkan Ayat Suci Alquran". detik.com. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  10. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Survei Median: Agus-Sylvi 26,1 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 29,8 Persen, Anies-Sandi 27,8 Persen". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  11. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Poltracking: Agus-Sylvi 25,75 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 30,13 Persen, Anies-Sandi 31,5 Persen". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  12. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Populi Center: Agus-Sylvi 21,8 %, Ahok-Djarot 40 %, Anies-Sandi 30,3 %". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  13. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Poltracking: Agus-Sylvi 25,75 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 30,13 Persen, Anies-Sandi 31,5 Persen". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  14. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Charta Politika: Agus-Sylvi 25,9%, Ahok-Djarot 36,8%, Anies-Sandi 27%". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-02. 
  15. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Survei SMRC: Agus-Sylvi 22,5 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 34,8 Persen, Anies-Sandi 26,4 Persen". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  16. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Populi Center: Agus-Sylvi 25,0 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 36,7 Persen, Anies-Sandi 28,5 Persen". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  17. ^ "Ahok holds commanding lead in latest poll, with Anies and Agus far behind in a close race for 2nd and 3rd". Jakarta. 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  18. ^ "Survei LSI: Ahok-Djarot Ungguli Agus-Sylvi". beritasatu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  19. ^ "Melorot di Survei LSI, Anies Baswedan Yakin Survei Internal | Tempo Pilkada". Tempo Pilkada. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  20. ^ "Survei Charta Politika: Elektabilitas Agus 29,5%, Ahok 28,9%, Anies 26,7%". detiknews. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  21. ^ "Jika Pilkada DKI Hari Ini, Siapa Juaranya Versi Survei Indikator?". liputan6.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  22. ^ "Survei Poltracking: Jika Pilgub Digelar Hari Ini, Agus Gubernur DKI". detiknews. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  23. ^ "Survei LSI Denny JA Terbaru: Elektabilitas Ahok-Djarot 10,6 Persen - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  24. ^ "Survei Indocon: Pilkada DKI Akan Berlangsung Dua Putaran". liputan6.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  25. ^ "Survei: Elektabilitas Ahok Anjlok, Anies & Agus Bagaimana? | Tempo Pilkada". Tempo Pilkada. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  26. ^ "Menakar Pilkada DKI dari Hasil Survei - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  27. ^ a b c "Melihat Hasil Survei Pilkada DKI 2017 dari Tiga Lembaga". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  28. ^ Media, detik News. "Survei Median: Anies-Sandi 46,3 Persen, Ahok-Djarot 39,7 Persen". Detik.com. Retrieved 2017-03-10. 
  29. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Survei LSI Denny JA: Anies-Sandi Kemungkinan Unggul pada Putaran Kedua - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-03-10. 
  30. ^ "Survei SMRC: Anies Cuma Unggul 1% dari Ahok"
  31. ^ "Survei Median: Warga Puas Kinerja Ahok, tapi Pilih Anies"
  32. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Survei LSI Denny JA : Dukungan untuk Ahok-Djarot 42,7 Persen, Anies-Sandi 51,4 persen - Kompas.com". Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  33. ^ "Survei Charta Politika: Ahok-Djarot 47,3%, Anies-Sandi 44,8%"
  34. ^ "Survei Indikator: Elektabilitas Anies-Sandi 48,2%, Ahok-Djarot 47,4%"
  35. ^ Liputan6.com. "Survei Median: Elektabilitas Ahok - Anies Beda Tipis, 1,9 Persen". Retrieved 19 April 2017.