Location in Early County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)|
|• Land||1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||144 ft (44 m)|
|• Density||130.8/sq mi (49.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||31761, 39861|
|GNIS feature ID||0316032|
Jakin is located at (31.090574, -84.983179).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 157 people, 71 households, and 42 families residing in the city. The population density was 126.3 people per square mile (48.9/km²). There were 86 housing units at an average density of 69.2 per square mile (26.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.70% White, 28.03% African American, 1.27% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 71 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $18,750, and the median income for a family was $40,500. Males had a median income of $33,438 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,863. About 28.6% of families and 34.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 45.0% of those sixty five or over.
Early County was created by an act of the General Assembly on December 15, 1818. Land lots of 250 acres (1.0 km2) surveyed in 1819 and 1820 were distributed by the state in lotteries. Jakin is in the 26th land district in the southernmost end of the county.
As early as 1817 settlers began moving into the area and began to build on the old Indian paths along the river. These old paths became the Old River Road in 1820 and a post road by the mid 1820s. The post riders were often harassed by Indians. As the forests along the river were cleared, large plantations and fine frame homes began to appear. The river was the main source of transportation, bearing downstream huge square-cut timbers to Apalachicola for ship building and turpentine for export and cotton upstream to the cotton mills in Columbus. In 1821 the Armstrong and Attaway Company built the first cotton gin at nearby Saffold Navy Yard.
The first families established here were the Allens, Rambos, Donalsons, Harrells, Shewmakes, Saffolds, Johnsons, Hayes, Gibsons, Crawfords, and Moodys. In 1828 a road was made from Blakely to Bainbridge on which settled the Hodges, Warrens, Minters, Easoms and Perrys. These families pioneered what became Jakin.
In May 1878 C.A. Minter, a physician, purchased three lots, roughly 750 acres (3.0 km2) of land, for $10 and a shotgun. The first mayor of Jakin, James Morris "Major" Bivings, named the town Jakin after one of the columns of Solomon's temple.
In addition to small farm agriculture, Jakin's early economic growth resulted from turpentine. The unspoiled longleaf pine forests were prime resources, first for turpentine then lumber. Bivings and his partner, James W. Duke of Chicago, founded the Duke and Bivings Lumber Company complete with housing, commissary and post office. Bivings served as the first postmaster. On Jan. 3, 1898 the Flowers Company purchased the lumber mill for $20,000. In addition to machines, buildings and materials, the purchase included 160 acres (0.6 km2) of land and a railway. According to published town history, an estimated 1,000 workers were employed by the mill. In 1903 Jakin's population was 2,000. World War I and deforestation led to the closure of the lumber mill in 1918.
Agriculture served as Jakin's main industry until 1963, with Great Northern Nekoosa's purchase of a family-owned lumber mill which later became Great Southern Paper, which also ran a plywood mill in nearby Cedar Springs. Great Southern Paper was acquired by Georgia Pacific in 1990. In 2005 GP was acquired by the privately held Koch Industries. Despite changing ownership, the mill has operated continuously.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Georgia.gov, Town of Jakin
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Georgia.gov, Early County
- Resolution on Jakin centennial, Georgia House of Representatives
- Georgia Pacific website history
- Tennessee State University library, Holston biography
- Centennial History Committee (1995) Jakin Remembers
- Gretchen Geisinger (1999) On Solomon's Porch South Georgia Folklife Project, Valdosta State University