Rosenhain made his debut at the age of 11. During their 1837 season, he was a soloist with the London Philharmonic Orchestra (on April 17), which in 1854 (also in April) programmed one of his symphonies.
- Four operas
- Der Besuch in Irrenhause (1834)
- Liswenna (1835)
- Le Démon de la Nuit (1851); Liswenna rewritten
- Volage et Jaloux (1863)
- Symphony No. 1 in G minor, op. 42
- Symphony No. 2 in F minor, op. 43 (performed, possibly premiered, 1846 by Mendelssohn in Leipzig)
- Symphony No. 3 "Im Frühling", op. 61
- Chamber works
- Piano Quartet in E♭, op. 1
- Sonata in E for piano with violoncello or violin, op. 38
- Piano Sonata in F minor, op. 44?; à M. Fétis
- Sonate Symphonique in F minor (Piano Sonata No.2?), Op.70 (pub. Breitkopf, 1887)
- Piano Sonata (No.3?) in D, Op.74 (published by Breitkopf, 1886)
- 3 String Quartets, op. 55, 57, 65 (pub. 1864)
- Sonata in D minor for cello and piano, op. 98
- Sonata in D minor for viola and piano (manuscript, may be same as above? noted in RISM and dates from 1893)
- Four Piano Trios
- At least 2 dozen
- Meyers Konversationslexikon, Band 13, Seite 190, Leipzig, 1889
- Musical Times at Google Books, April 21, 1894 issue. Obituary, p. 378.
- Musical Times at Google Books, volume 40, 1899. August 1, 1899 issue. Published by Novello. pages 530-1. Discusses letters between Rosenhain and Mendelssohn from August 1839.
- List of works performed by the Philharmonic Society.
- See Pratt, Mendel (1907)
- See Brown (1886).
- "Library of Congress Permalink for Second Symphony, Sommermeyer Edition". Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Library of Congress Permalink for Piano Concerto, Breitkopf & Härtel Edition". Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "1890-2 Crystal Palace Sunday Concerts, Including First English Performance of Rosenhain Piano Concerto". Retrieved 2009-01-28.
- "Piano Quartets Page" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- at IMSLP.
- Scanned in at Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Site, in References. Op.41 is mentioned in HMB as another work entirely from 1845, and op.44 in F minor seems to be Rosenhain's first sonata - so this may be a typo or misreading on someone's part (it seemed to be op.41, but now am assuming this should be op.44).
- Publication of all 3 quartets by Richault mentioned, together with dedicatees (Rossini, Vieuxtemps, Jean Becker), in the Bibliographie de la France, 2e série, 53e année, nº 48, 26 Novembre 1864, p.562, registration 2854.
- HMB gives a cello sonata here and RISM (opac.rism.info) gives a manuscript D minor viola sonata from 1893, but these may be the same work
- Hubbard, p. 235.
- See the Ezust Lied and Art Song Texts Page, in References.
- Singer, Isidore; Sohn, Joseph. "Article on Rosenhain from The Jewish Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- Brown, James Duff (1886). Biographical Dictionary of Musicians: With a Bibliography of English Writings on Music at Google Books. A. Gardner. page 522.
- Hubbard, W. L. (William Lines) (1910/2005 reprint) The American History and Encyclopedia of Music: Musical Biographies Part Two at Google Books. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4179-0713-4.
- May, Florence (1905). The Life of Johannes Brahms at Google Books. E. Arnold. Pages 28–9.
- Pratt, Waldo Selden; Mendel, Arthur (1907). The History of Music: A Handbook and Guide for Students at Google Books. G. Schirmer. Page 538.
- "Lied and Art Song Texts Page: Rosenhain". The Lied, Art Song, and Choral Texts Archive. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Scan of Rosenhain F minor (1st) Piano Sonata at Bavarian Digital Library". Heugel (Paris). 1857. Retrieved 2014-03-02.