Jalal-Abad Region

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Jalal-Abad Region
Жалал-Абад областы  (Kyrgyz)
Джалал-Абадская область  (Russian)
Tash Komur.jpg
Flag of Jalal-Abad Region
Coat of arms of Jalal-Abad Region
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Jalal-Abad Region highlighted
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Jalal-Abad Region highlighted
Coordinates: 41°15′N 72°15′E / 41.250°N 72.250°E / 41.250; 72.250Coordinates: 41°15′N 72°15′E / 41.250°N 72.250°E / 41.250; 72.250
Country Kyrgyzstan
 • GubernatorZhusupbek Sharipov
 • Total33,700 km2 (13,000 sq mi)
 • Total1,238,750
 • Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+6 (not observed)
ISO 3166 codeKG-J

Jalal-Abad Region (Kyrgyz: Жалал-Абад облусу, romanizedJalal-Abad oblusu; Russian: Джалал-Абадская область, romanizedDzhalal-Abadskaya oblast), also known as Jalalabat, is a region (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is the city of the same name, Jalal-Abad. It is surrounded by (clockwise from the north) Talas Region, Chuy Region, Naryn Region, Osh Region, and Uzbekistan. Jalal-Abad Region was established on 21 November 1939. On 27 January 1959 it became a part of Osh Region, but regained its old status as a region on 14 December 1990. Jalal-Abad Region consist of 8 districts, and includes 5 towns, 8 urba-type settlements, and 415 villages [2]


Jalalabad oblast covers 33,647 square kilometres (12,991 sq mi) (16.9% of total country's area) in central-western Kyrgyzstan.

The southern edge of the region is part of the Ferghana Valley. The rest of the region is mountainous. M41, the main north-south highway from Bishkek to Osh, takes a very crooked route down the center of the region. Another road follows the south border almost to the western tip and then turns northeast up the Chatkal valley to Kyzyl-Adyr in Talas Region. Another road (closed in winter and requiring a jeep from the Ferghana range to Kazarman) goes east to Kazarman and Naryn.

An integral part of the country's power system is Toktogul hydroelectric power station, which supplies electricity and water to both Kyrgyzstan and neighboring countries.

Ecology and environment[edit]

The area has several mountain lakes, walnut forests, and mineral waters. It has also the world's largest natural growing walnut forest, called Arslanbob, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Jalal-Abad city. Jalal-Abad Region is rich in ecological resources. Among strictly protected areas (IUCN Ia Category) located in the region are Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Nature Reserve, Besh-Aral State Nature Reserve, and Padyshata State Nature Reserve. Also there is Saymaluu-Tash State Nature Park located in Toguz-Toro District. Natural monuments (IUCN category III) include: Tegerek Waterfall located in the upper reaches of Kara-Unkur River, Sogon-Tash Cave, and composed of red sandstone Kara-Jygach Rocks in Aksy District. Among other protected areas are:


Basic socio-economic indicators[edit]

  • Employed population: 390,700 (2008)[3]
  • Registered Unemployed Population: 18,707 (2008)[4]
  • Export: 87.1 million US dollars (2008)[5]
  • Import: 111.5 million US dollars (2008)[5]
  • Direct Foreign Investments (2008): 16.8 million US dollars[6]


Wheat, fruit, vegetables, maize, nuts, tobacco, and silk-worm cocoons are grown in the region. The region also has a few textile plants and hydroelectric stations. Minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil can be found here, notably around the town of Kochkor-Ata, which is home to small scale oil industry. Most of the extraction of minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil of the Soviet era has ceased.

Livestock market in Kyzyl-Jar, Jalal-Abad Region

A pearl of the region is the Sary-Chelek Nature Reserve with Lake Sary-Chelek, surrounded by wild fruit orchards and snow-covered peaks.

A few Soviet-era resorts offer mineral water treatment programs for people with various chronic diseases. A number of companies have succeeded in trading bottled mineral water around the country and abroad.

Except for the small fringes of the Fergana Valley, Jalal-Abad Region is a land of mountains. There are unlimited trekking possibilities in the area, but the lack of infrastructure, except at Arslanbob, poses problems to visitors; a biodiversity conservation program supported by the government and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is working to protect these natural resources and promote soft tourism.

Districts of Jalal-Abad[edit]

Jalal-Abad is divided administratively into 8 districts (southern districts numbered from east to west):[7]

District Capital Location
Suzak District Suzak south1
Bazar-Korgon District Bazar-Korgon south2
Nooken District Massy south3
Aksy District Kerben south4
Ala-Buka District Ala-Buka south5
Chatkal District Kanysh-Kyya west
Toktogul District Toktogul north
Toguz-Toro District Kazarman east


As of 2009, Jalal-Abad Region comprised 7 towns, 7 urban-type settlements, 3 settlements, and 420 villages. Its population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009 amounted to 930,630 (enumerated de facto population) or 1,009,889 (de jure population).[8] Official population estimate for the beginning of 2020 was 1,238,750. [1]

Historical populations in Jalal-Abad Region
1999 869,539+16.1%
Note: enumerated de facto population; Source:[8]

Ethnic composition[edit]

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of Jalal-Abad Region (de jure population) was:[8]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of Jalal-Abad Region population
Kyrgyzs 725,321 71.8%
Uzbeks 350,748 24.8%
Russians 9,120 0.9%
Turks 5,842 0.6%
Tajiks 5,642 0.5%
Tatars 3,694 0.4%
Uygurs 3,271 0.3%
Kurds 1,902 0.2%
Azerbaijanis 5,642 0.1%
Ukrainians 789 0.1%
Chinese 3,694 0.4%
other groups 329 0.1%


  1. ^ a b Population of regions,districts, towns, urban-type settlements, rural communities and villages of Kyrgyz Republic (National Statistical Committee estimate as of the beginning of 2020) Численность населения областей, районов, городов, поселков городского типа,айылных аймаков и сел Кыргызской Республики (оценка НСК на начало 2020г)
  2. ^ Brief Description of Jalal-Abad Region (in Russian)
  3. ^ National Committee on Statistics (in Kyrgyz/Russian) Archived 14 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Committee on Statistics (in Kyrgyz/Russian) Archived 14 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b National Committee on Statistics (in Kyrgyz/Russian) Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ National Committee on Statistics (in Kyrgyz/Russian) Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Kyrgyzstan - Джалал-Абадская область Archived 2 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b c Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 3 (in tables). Regions of Kyrgyzstan: Jalal-Abad Region (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 3 (в таблицах). Регионы Кыргызстана: Джалал-Абадская область (PDF), Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011