Jalandhar

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Jalandhar
Jullundur
City
Nickname(s): JUC, JRC
Jalandhar is located in India
Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Jalandhar is located in Punjab
Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Coordinates: 31°19′34″N 75°34′34″E / 31.326°N 75.576°E / 31.326; 75.576Coordinates: 31°19′34″N 75°34′34″E / 31.326°N 75.576°E / 31.326; 75.576
Country India
State Punjab
District Jalandhar
Government
 • Commissioner vajinder garg[1]
 • Mayor Sh. Jagdish Raja[2]
Elevation 228 m (748 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 862,196
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 144 001
Telephone code +91-181-XXX XXXX
Vehicle registration PB 08
Literacy 82.4%
Website jalandhar.nic.in

Jalandhar, formerly known as Jullundur in British India, is a city in the Doaba region of the northwestern Indian state of Punjab. Jalandhar is the oldest inhabited major city in the Indian state of Punjab. In recent times the city has undergone rapid urbanisation and has developed into a highly industrialised centre of commerce.

Jalandhar has been shortlisted for the second phase of the "Smart City" initiative of the Indian Government.

Jalandhar is alongside the Grand Trunk Road and is a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar is 144 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana.

History[edit]

Kos Minar along Grand Trunk Road in Dakhini near Jalandhar, from Sher Shah Suri period

The history of Jalandhar District comprises three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.

The city[3] is named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who is mentioned in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of Lava, son of Rama. According to another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term `Jalandhar' means area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during recent years have pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period.

The modern history of Jalandhar District states that Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British rulers to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement. Jalandhar District was declared 'Proclaimed Area' under the Seditious Meetings Act. After the independence of the country, however, the district was affected by communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.

Climate[edit]

The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and long, hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures have highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −7 °C (19 °F). The climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm.

Climate data for Jalandhar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
26.0
(78.8)
34.5
(94.1)
39.4
(102.9)
40.6
(105.1)
34.1
(93.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
27.2
(81)
22.3
(72.1)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
8.6
(47.5)
13.2
(55.8)
19.0
(66.2)
23.8
(74.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.8
(78.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.1
(53.8)
7.2
(45)
17.2
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.7
(0.421)
16.7
(0.657)
32.8
(1.291)
15.2
(0.598)
20.4
(0.803)
69.7
(2.744)
155.2
(6.11)
183.6
(7.228)
60.0
(2.362)
1.5
(0.059)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
586.8
(23.103)
Source: [4]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Jalandhar city[5]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
74.90%
Sikhism
21.39%
Islam
1.47%
Christianity
1.02%
Others
1.22%

As per provisional data of 2011 census Jalandhar had a population of 873,725, of which 463,975 were male and 409,750 female. The literacy rate was 85.46 per cent.[6]

Economy[edit]

Jalandhar has been selected in the second phase of the smart city project and 200 crores have been allocated to the municipal corporation for initializing the project.

Jalandhar exports goods like furniture, glass to neighboring cities and is a global hub for the manufacture of sporting equipment. Jalandhar is famous for its sports industry and equipment manufactured in Jalandhar has been used in many international sporting games including Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, among others. It is also a hub for manufacturing of hand tools. Many new malls and shopping complexes are being established at a very rapid pace and as such is also a hub of the NRI's who among many of them belong to Jalandhar region.

Transport[edit]

By air[edit]

The nearest airport is adampur airport northwest of Jalandhar which currently handles only sheduled operation on one maiden flight of private carrier Spicejet to Delhi.The nearest full-fledge International Airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar.It is one of the busiest airports in North India,and is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Doha. The airport handles as many as 48 flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago.

Jalandhar Railway Station.jpeg

By rail[edit]

Shaheed-E-Aazam Sardar Bhagat Singh, Interstate Bus Stand, Jalandhar

Direct train service is available for other major cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi. Some prestigious trains that halt in Jalandhar City railway station are Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express. Now many trains of Jammu route are extend up to Mata Vaishno Devi-Katra.

Jalandhar City Railway Station is well-connected to other parts of the country, Jalandhar City is a major stop between the Amritsar-Delhi rail link which is serviced by Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express, and others

Direct Service to major cities such as Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi are available. There are prestigious services such as the Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express.

By road[edit]

There is a large network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., Jammu & Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

Commerce[edit]

Religious places[edit]

Famous Religious places of worship

  • Gurduwara Thra Sahib (Hazara Village)
  • Baba Khaki Shah (Khurla Kingra)
  • Shri Balmiki Mandir
  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Mayaan da Gurudwara (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Gurudwara Kakipind Rama mandi
  • Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
  • Darbar Sajjad Peer Warish Shah Ji (Hardyal Nagar)
  • Darbar Peer Sakhi Sultan
  • Chishti Qadri Darbar Hazrat Ghous Pak Ji Peeran De Peer
  • Darbar Baba Peer Phalai Wala Ji
  • Shri Dasjee Guru Mandir
  • Darbaar Panj Peer Ji (Near Ravidas Chowk)
  • Darbar Sachi Sarkar Lakha Da (Bootan Mandi, Jalandhar-Nakodar Road)
  • Darbar Baba Sunehri Sai Ji (Abadi Jallowal)
  • Guru Ravidass Dham (Bootan Mandi)
  • Masjid Umme Salmaa (Bootan Mandi)
  • Gurdwara Chhevin Pathshahi
  • Gurudwara Singh Sabha-Model Town
  • Gurudwara Talhan Sahib
  • St Mary's Cathedral Church (Jalandhar Cantt)
  • Gurudwara Nauwi Patshahi
  • Church of North India (CNI) Mission Compound
  • Gurudwara Makhdoompura
  • Gurdwara Panj Tirth Sahib (Jandu Singha)
  • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir (phillar tehsil)
  • Gurudwara Asapuran (Tagore nagar)
  • Sree Ayyappa Mandir, Guru Gobind Singh Avenue
  • Akshardham Mandir Surya Enclave
  • Arya samaj mandir, Basti Danishmanda
  • Om Divya Prem Mandir, Danishmanda
  • Shri Devi Talab Mandir
  • Shri Siddh Baba Sodal
  • Shri Mukteshwar Mandir, Basti Guzan
  • Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Partapbagh
  • Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Basti Guzan
  • Hanuman Mandir, ali mohalla
  • hanuman garhi mandir jaggu chowk
  • Geeta mandir Model town
  • Geeta mandir, Central Town
  • Geeta Mandir Adarsh Nagar
  • Kali Mata Mandir Mahaver marg
  • Durga Mandir Near Ambedkar Chowk, Avtar Nagar
  • Raghuth Mandir
  • Mata Vaishno Devi Mandir
  • Shri Mahalakshmi Mandir
  • Mata Chintapurni Mandir
  • Mata Rani Temple
  • Panch Mukhi Shiv Mandir
  • Panchvati Temple
  • Ram Mandir, Pucca bagh
  • Sanatan Daram Mandir
  • Sati Mata Mandir
  • Sati Virinda Devi
  • Satya rayan Mandir
  • Shri Ayyapa Mandir
  • Shri Baba Balak nath Ji Mandir
  • Radhye sham Mandir &dharamshala
  • Durga Shakti Mandir (Deol Nagar)
  • Shri Mahalakshmi Mandir
  • Shiv Mandir
  • Shiv Bari Mandir
  • Shri Pramhans Adhiwait Mandir
  • Shri Ram Sarovar Mandir
  • Viyak Mandir
  • Yogeshwer Dham Mandir
  • Tulsi Mandir
  • Ebenezer Assembly of God Church (English/Hindi Services)

Leisure[edit]

Interior of Viva Collage Mall, Jalandhar
View Of WonderLand's Water Park in the Evening
  • Pushpa Gujral Science City
  • Fun City
  • Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan
  • Company Bagh
  • Niku Park, Model Town
  • Wonder Land[7]
  • Adarsh Nagar Park
  • PVR, MBD Neopolis, BMC Chowk
  • Big Bazaar, Vasal Tower
  • PVR, Curo Highstreet
  • Jyoti Market
  • jung e azadi Museum at kartarpur

Media[edit]

Punjab Kesari header with the photos of its founders, Lala Jagat Narain and Romesh Chander.

Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar is an Indian television station in Jalandhar, owned and operated by state-owned Doordarshan, the television network of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India).[8] It was established in 1979 and produces and broadcasts the 24-hour Punjabi language TV channel, DD Punjabi, which was launched in 1998 and covers most of the state of Punjab, India.

The city is the region's headquarters for newspapers, national television and radio stations. These include Daily Ajit, Jagbani, Punjab Kesari, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune, Hind Samachar, etc.[9][10][11][12] http://bbcnews7.com

State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Jalandhar that transmits programs of mass interest. FM local radio stations include:

Healthcare[edit]

There are excellent medical facilities in Jalandhar which include treatment centers and specialist hospitals. The Municipal Corporation of Jalandhar claims that the city has over 423 hospitals, a claim that would make it the city with the highest number of hospitals in South Asia.

Sports[edit]

Dog Show held at Guru Gobind Singh Stadium

Cricket[edit]

Cricket is very popular in grounds and streets of the city. There is an international-standard stadium at Burlton Park. The Indian cricket team played a Test Match against the Pakistan cricket team on this ground on 24 September 1983.

Kabaddi[edit]

Major Kabaddi matches are usually held at Guru Gobind Singh Stadium.

Guru Gobind Singh Stadium[edit]

Guru Gobind Singh Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar. It is usually used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. The Punjab government has started new projects at the stadium.

Surjit Hockey Stadium[edit]

Surjeet Hockey Stadium is a field hockey stadium in Jalandhar, Punjab, India. It is named after Jalandhar-born Olympian Surjit Singh. This stadium is a home of the franchise Sher-e-Punjab of the World Series Hockey.

Sports college[edit]

There is a Government Sports College in the city and it is a focus for many of the National Sports Councils. In this college, many sports are played like cricket, hockey, swimming, volleyball, basketball, etc.

Education[edit]

Higher education institutions include

Universities[edit]

GNA University Campus

Jalandhar Cantonment[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Name Occupation
Yash Chopra Producer/Director[16]
Bhaavna Arora author[17]
Dr. Ranbir Singh Kanwar Sugarcane Researcher, Director of Research (Agriculture) PAU, Director of Research Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University[18]
Vanya Mishra Winner of Miss India Femina 2012
Lawrence Durrell Expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer[19]
Sunil Dutt Actor[20]
Kundan Lal Saigal Actor/Singer[21]
Amrish Puri Actor[22]
Jazzy B Singer
Sukhwinder Panchhi Singer
Apache Indian Singer
Sarbjit Cheema Singer
Kanth Kaler Singer
Nooran Sisters Singers
Master Saleem Singer
Hans Raj Hans Singer
Jagjit Singh Singer
Bahadur Singh Indian former shot putter who won gold medal
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq Chief of Army Staff, 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan
Diwan Bhai Abdul Hamid Revenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State
Hafeez Jullundhri Writer and poet
Baba Kashmira Singh Head of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani
Paul Nischal NRI President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party
Col. Balbir Singh Kullar Hockey Player
Varinder Singh Ghuman Bodybuilder, Wrestler and Punjabi Film Actor
Ajit Pal Singh Hockey Player
Surjit Singh Hockey Player
Pargat Singh Hockey Player
Inder Kumar Gujral Former Prime Minister of India
Harbhajan Singh Cricketer
Wasim Sajjad Two-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex-Chairman of Senate
Sheikh Anwarul Haq Former Chief Justice
Mian Mohammed Sharif Surveyor General
Lala Amarnath Cricketer
Lala Jagat Narain Freedom fighter and founder of Punjab Kesri
Basheer Hussain Najafi One of the six Grand Ayatollahs
Sardar Swaran Singh Politician
Udham Singh (field hockey) Hockey Player
Darshan Singh (field hockey) Hockey Player
Salma Mumtaz Actress
Ashwini Kumar Chopra Journalist, Politician (MP-Karnal)
Kartar Singh Duggal Writer
Kulwant Singh Virk Writer
Ishar Singh (poet) Poet
Sadhu Singh Hamdard Freedom fighter and Writer
Prem Parkash Writer
Ajit Saini Writer and Army General
Hasrat Writer
Gurbachan Singh Talib Writer
Gurdial Singh Writer and novelist
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Swami Shraddhanand Indian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary
Wazir Ali Cricketer
R. Paul Dhillon Indo-Canadian journalist
Arun Shourie Politician, author, and journalist
Amanjot Singh Social Worker
Agha Sadiq Writer and poet
Fateh Ali Khan Singer. Father of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Dharam Singh Uppal Athlete
Balbir Singh, Sr. Hockey Player
Mandeep Singh Cricketer
Vimi Actress
Ranvir Shorey Actor
Sugandha Mishra Singer, Anchor, Comedian
Surbhi Jyoti Actress
Nalini Priyadarshni Poet, Writer
Vijay Sampla State Minister in Union Govt
Bhagat Chunni Lal Minister in Punjab Govt
Ram Kapoor Indian Actor
Sardar Buta Singh Ex-Home Minister of India
Diljaan Participant in the Pakistani and Indian Music Reality Show Sur Kshetra, Composer and Singer

See also[edit]

Local Market

  • Rainak Bazaar
  • Atari Bazaar
  • Dana Mandi
  • Gur Mandi
  • Meena bazaar
  • Model Town Market
  • Sports Market, Football Chowk
  • Electric & Electronic Market, Phagwara gate
  • Stationery Market, Mai Hiran Gate
  • Shastri Market (Automobile components)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Corporation Jalandhar". 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Welcome to Official Website of Jalandhar District, Punjab". 
  4. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/monthly/INXX0060?from=dayDetails_bottomnav_business%7C title = Average Weather for Jalandhar — Temperature and Precipitation | accessdate = 4 November 2012|publisher = The Weather Channel
  5. ^ "Jalandhar City Population Census 2011". Census2011. 
  6. ^ Census India 2011 - Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above
  7. ^ "Wonderland". Wonderlandthemepark. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  8. ^ us.html "DOORDARSHAN KENDRA, BHAGWAN MAHAVIR MARG, JALANDHAR CITY" Check |url= value (help). 
  9. ^ "हिन्दी समाचार | ताज़ा खबरें | विश्व समाचार - Punjab Kesari". Punjabkesari.in. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  10. ^ "Jalandhar — Punjab — Page 1". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  11. ^ "Jalandhar News, Jalandhar Hindi News, Jalandhar News Headlines, Daily News Paper, Local News". Bhaskar.com. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  12. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  13. ^ "SSMTI". www.ssmti.in. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  14. ^ "Top MBA, MCA Colleges in North India, Punjab, Jalandhar - Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus". 
  15. ^ National Institute of Technology, G T Road, Jalandhar
  16. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/jalandhar/king-khan-salutes-yash-chopra-s-alma-mater/article1-956296.aspx.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ "First novel on LGBTs launched, book authored by Bhaavna Arora". DECCAN CHRONICLE. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  18. ^ Ranbir Singh Kanwar
  19. ^ "The Modern Novel". 
  20. ^ "village khurd in jalandhar". 
  21. ^ "imdb". 
  22. ^ "veethi". 

External links[edit]