|Industry||Computer and video game industry|
|Founded||October 3, 1974 (as Japan Leisure Co.)|
July 3, 2006 (as Jaleco Holding)
|Defunct||May 21, 2014|
|Headquarters||Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0031|
|Products||Bases Loaded series|
City Connection series
Ninja JaJaMaru-kun series
Jaleco Ltd. (株式会社ジャレコ Kabushiki Kaisha Jareko) was a corporate name used by two previously-linked video game developers that are currently defunct. The original Jaleco was founded in 1974, originally titled Japan Leisure Co., which was acquired in 2000 by Hong Kong company PCCW as their Japanese division, retitled to PCCW Japan before being renamed back to Jaleco in 2002. It would later become independent from PCCW in 2006 and became Jaleco Holding, splitting its video game operations into a new subsidiary company, Jaleco Ltd. In 2009, Jaleco Holding sold Jaleco Ltd. to Japanese video game developer Game Yarou, and renamed itself to Encom Holdings, dealing in real estate, security systems and other non-video game related products.
Jaleco is best known for their video games, including Bases Loaded, City Connection and Ninja JaJaMaru-kun. As a wholly owned subsidiary of Game Yarou, Jaleco Ltd operated independently and continued to trade under the Jaleco name until the bankruptcy of its parent company in 2014. Emcom Holdings quit the video game business in 2009, having branched out to other markets; it was delisted from the JASDAQ in 2013. In 2014, Jaleco's video game assets were acquired by Japanese game developer City Connection.
Jaleco was founded on October 3, 1974 as the Japan Leisure Co., Ltd. (株式会社ジャパンレジャー Kabushiki-gaisha Japan Rejā), a manufacturer of amusement equipment; its headquarters was in Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan. In 1982, the company started developing and manufacturing arcade video games. That year, the company shortened its brand name to Jaleco and formally changed its name to Jaleco Ltd. in 1983.
Jaleco was a video game company whose focus lay in arcade titles, as well as titles for the NES and other popular computer and video game consoles of the 1980s and 1990s, most notably the Bases Loaded series and Carrier. The U.S. arm of Jaleco was Jaleco USA based near Chicago in the town of Wheeling, Illinois.
By 2000, Jaleco, still active in the development of arcade and console video games, hadn't produced any hit title in years and was in a struggling state. Its American division Jaleco USA had already left the arcade industry in 1993. On November 1, 2000, Jaleco was acquired by Hong Kong company PCCW. Jaleco, renamed PCCW Japan, gave the PCCW Group a foothold in Japan. PCCW heavily restructured the company, shutting down Jaleco's arcade division and other non-profitable departments to focus on video games for consoles of the sixth generation era. PCCW Japan itself acquired on April 2001 the VR-1 Group which included VR-1 Entertainment, a U.S. developer of massively multiplayer online role playing games, to bring a more global focus to its current and future software endeavors. On October 2002, PCCW Japan merged Jaleco USA and VR-1 Entertainment to form Jaleco Entertainment, its new U.S. division that would be based in Buffalo, New York instead of Wheeling, Illinois. PCCW Japan reverted its name back to Jaleco in 2004.
The rechristened Jaleco continued to serve as the official Japanese subsidiary of the PCCW Group throughout 2004 and most of 2005; engaging itself in video gaming, music, web application and mobile phone content. However, on August 2005, PCCW sold Hyperlink Investments Group (PCCW's subsidiary that owned Jaleco) to Sandringham Fund SPC.
On May 31, 2006, Jaleco's board of directors (JASDAQ: 7954) opted for a change of name from Jaleco Ltd to Jaleco Holding Ltd and, in the process, spun off the video game division into a separate company that would take the name of Jaleco Ltd. Jaleco Holding became the name of the company that has existed since 1974, while Jaleco Ltd became the name of the new company that was established on July 3, 2006, as a wholly owned subsidiary of Jaleco Holding. The decision for the reorganization was based out on the fact that the original company had expanded in many activities beyond video gaming.
On October 2007, Hyperlink Investments Group sold its stock in Jaleco Holding to Game Yarou (an online game company) and to two different Korean companies: STIC Pioneer Fund and A2i Co Ltd. But in early 2008, Game Yarou divested itself from its interests in Jaleco Holding to pay off some of its own debts.
In 2008, Jaleco Holding dissolved two subsidiaries: FFBC Investment and J CONSULTING.
On January 15, 2009, Jaleco Holding sold Jaleco Ltd to Game Yarou, for ¥1 (US$0.01). However, Game Yarou assumed ¥700,000,000 ($7.736 million) of Jaleco Holding's ¥16,000,000,000 ($17.68 million) loan. Jaleco Holding spokespersons stated "an increasing competition in recent years in the video game market" as the reason for their retirement from the video game industry, and that risk factors for their profitability will be removed after their withdrawal. Because Jaleco Ltd was created in 2006 as a legal company rather than a division, the right to use the Jaleco name was not affected by the selling of the company to Game Yarou. Jaleco Ltd produced mobile phone video games as well as online games for the Internet. On March 2, 2009, Jaleco Ltd revealed on its website that Ougon no Kizuna—a video game for the Wii—would be released on May 29, 2009. In 2012 and 2013, towards the bankruptcy of parent company Game Yarou's, Jaleco licensed its old games (notably City Connection) to other companies. On May 21, 2014, Game Yarou was declared bankrupt by the Tokyo District Court. Since then, Jaleco has disappeared and its website is no longer active. That same year, Japanese developer City Connection acquired the rights to Jaleco's over game assets, and has licensed them to other companies for other projects.
On April 2009, the original company, Jaleco Holding, changed again its name to Emcom Holdings. The Emcom group had been Jaleco Holding's most important division since 2008. The subsidiary Japan Central Real Estate was renamed Emcom Realty. Emcom Holdings focused on real estate, securities, technology and finance business. For the first time in more than 35 years, the original company was not involved in the video game or amusement industry. A series of acquisitions and quick expansion during the following years resulted in Emcom Holdings losing its viability. It was delisted from the JASDAQ in May 13, 2013 and, much like the new Jaleco Ltd, its website is now offline.
North America's division Jaleco Entertainment appears to have gone out of business since at least 2008. In 2005, the content of Jaleco Entertainment's website was replaced by a frontpage reading as "Home of Jaleco Entertainment" with no hyperlinks or other webpages. The front page had the Jaleco Entertainment logo above the "Home of Jaleco Entertainment"; implying that Jaleco Entertainment was still in business at the time and was simply going through a hiatus period. Sometime in 2006, the website was briefly replaced by a message saying that the domain expired, but it was renewed a month later with again the "Home of Jaleco Entertainment" front page. As of December 2015, the jaleco.com domain seems to have been taken over by an entity other than its namesake.
- Bases Loaded (arcade version)
- Bases Loaded '96: Double Header
- Big Run (also known as Jaleco Rally)
- Bio Senshi Dan: Increaser to no Tatakai (a North American prototype, known as Bashi Bazook: Morphoid Masher, was translated but not released)
- Banishing Racer
- Battle Unit Zeoth
- Brawl Brothers (Rushing Beat Ran in Japan)
- Cisco Heat
- City Connection (arcade version)
- Desert War
- Earth Defense Force
- F1 Super Battle
- Formation Z (also known as Aeroboto)
- Fortified Zone
- Fuuun Shaolin Kyo
- Fuuun Shaolin Kyo: Ankoku no Maou
- Game Tengoku: The Game Paradise
- Ginga Ninkyoden
- Goblin Commander: Unleash the Horde
- GUNBare! Game Tengoku: The Game Paradise 2
- HammerLock Wrestling
- Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai
- JaJaMaru no Daibouken
- JaJaMaru Gekimaden: Maboroshi no Kinmajou
- Maniac Mansion (Disk System version)
- Maru's Mission
- Monty no DokiDoki Daissasou (Disk System version of Monty on the Run)
- Momoko 120%
- Naughty Boy
- Ninja JaJaMaru-kun
- Ninja JaJaMaru-kun: Onikiri Ninpoucho
- Ninja Kazan (arcade game)'
- Ninja Taro
- Operation Logic Bomb
- Over Rev
- Peek-A-Boo! (Arcade erotic game)
- Pinball Quest
- Plus Alpha
- Plus Beta
- Pro Sport Hockey
- Psychic 5
- Rival Turf (Rushing Beat in Japan)
- Rod Land
- Scud Hammer
- Super GT 24h
- Super Strong Warriors
- Saiyuki World
- Saiyuki World 2: Tenjokai no Majin/Whomp 'Em
- Sea Trader: Rise of Taipan
- Stepping Stage (arcade version)
- Tetris Plus 2
- The Ignition Factor (Fire Fighting in Japan)
- The Peace Keepers (Rushing Beat Shura in Japan)
- Totally Rad (Magic John in Japan)
- Trailer Park Tycoon
- Tuff E Nuff (Dead Dance in Japan)
- VR1 Crossroads
- Wild Pilot
- The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (FDS/NES version)
- Pengin Piko no Dai Bōken (ペンギンピコの大冒険)
- Antonio Inoki vs Jaleco (アントニオ猪木VSジャレコ)
- 64th Street: A Detective Story (Developed by C.P. Brain)
- The Astyanax (Originally The Lord of King) (Developed by Aicom)
- Avenging Spirit (developed by Toku and team)
- Bases Loaded (NES version developed by TOSE)
- Bases Loaded 2 (developed by TOSE)
- Bases Loaded 3 (developed by TOSE)
- Bases Loaded 4 (developed by TOSE)
- Big Striker (developed by Toku and team)
- Chimera Beast (developed by C.P. Brain)
- City Connection (developed by Hect)
- Fushigina Blobby: Blobania no Kiki (developed by Imagineering)
- Field Combat
- Goal! (developed by TOSE)
- Goal! Two (developed by TOSE)
- Illbleed (developed by Climax Graphics)
- Irritating Stick (developed by Saurus)
- Jurassic Park (Japanese Super NES Version published by Jaleco. Developed by Ocean)
- Juggernaut (developed by Will)
- King Arthur's World (developed by Argonaut Games)
- Kingyo Chūihō! Tobidase! Game Gakuen
- Jazz Jackrabbit Advance (developed by Game Titan)
- Legend of Makai (developed by NMK)
- Metal Mech (developed by Sculptured Software)
- Nightcaster II: Equinox (developed by Team Schadenfreude)
- P-47: The Phantom Fighter (P47 Thunderbolt in Home versions) (Developed by NMK)
- P-47 Aces (Arcade game) (Developed by NMK)
- Pinball Quest (developed by TOSE)
- Pizza Pop! (developed by Arc)
- Racket Attack (developed by TOSE)
- Robowarrior (developed by Hudson Soft)
- Room Zoom: Race for Impact (developed by Blade Interactive)
- R-Type III (North American release. Developed by Irem)
- Saint Dragon (Developed by NMK)
- Shatterhand (developed by Natsume)
- Sky Fox (developed by Nichibutsu as Exerizer)
- Speed Racer (developed by Graphic Research)
- Sterling Sharpe: End 2 End (developed by TOSE)
- Super Bases Loaded (developed by TOSE)
- Super Bases Loaded 2 (developed by TOSE)
- Super Bases Loaded 3 (developed by TOSE)
- Super Bubble Pop (developed by Runecraft)
- Super Goal! 2 (developed by TOSE)
- Takeda Nobuhiro no Super League Soccer (developed by TOSE)
- Takeda Nobuhiro no Ace Striker
- Tetris Plus (developed by Natsume)
- Uchūsen: Cosmo Carrier (developed by TOSE)
- Utopia (SNES version. Developed by Gremlin Interactive)
- Uo Poko (developed by Cave)
- Urusei Yatsura: Lum no Wedding Bell (developed by TOSE)
- Vampire Hunter D (developed by Victor Interactive Software)
- Word Zap (developed by Realtime Associates)
- World Championship Pool 2004 (developed by Blade Interactive)
Emcom Holdings subsidiaries
- EMCOM Co., Ltd.
- EMCOM FINANCIAL Co.,Ltd
- EMCOM CONSULTING Co., Ltd.
- EMCOM ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY Co., Ltd.
- EMCOM FIRST CLASS SERVICES Co.,Ltd
- EMCOM REALTY
- EMCOM HEALTHCARE Co., Ltd.
- EMCOM CAPITAL
- EMAT Information Technology
- Universal Forex
- Edge Communication service
- Edgedu Edgesoft
- Former headquarters of Jaleco.
- David Jenkins. "Jaleco Leaves Games Biz Due To 'Increasing Competition'". Gamasutra.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2009-03-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- jaleco.com at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 2002-09-15)