Jalgaon Skyline Nightview
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|• खासदार(MP)||Unmesh Bhaiyyasaheb Patil|
|• आमदार(MLA)||Suresh Damu Bhole|
|• महापौर(Mayor)||Seema Suresh Bhole|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Uday Tekale|
|• Total||68 km2 (26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|• Density||6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Jalgaon (pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarter of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is nicknamed "Banana city" as the region contributes approximately two third of Maharashtra's banana production. it is also known for the gold production. Jalgaon is supposed to have the purest form of gold which is sold at a great price, which is how it came to be known as the Gold City (Suvarn-nagari).
Jalgaon was divided in 1911, with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Social life
- 4 Language
- 5 Culture
- 6 Theater
- 7 Cinema halls
- 8 Food habits
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Civil administration
- 11 Police administration
- 12 Transport
- 13 Industry
- 14 Education
- 15 Notable people
- 16 Gallery
- 17 Climate
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
Jalgaon city is about 225 meters above sea level. The Girna River flows through the western part of the city.
The Khandesh region, which covers Jalgaon and goes up to the Deccan region, was controlled by the Faruqi dynasty from the 1300s to 1600s. Before the rule of the Faruqi dynasty, it is believed that much of Jalgaon district was ruled. Khandesh was later governed by several leaders and dynasties including the Satavahanas, Virsen, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, and the Yawan dynasty, before Alaud-din-Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak and the Nizam of Hyderabad ruled the region. The Marathas then ruled much of the region, and Sardar Tulajirao Bhoite, a Maratha leader, established the town. The Holkars next took control of the region before being they got into a battle with the British. Khandesh was later divided into two - East Khandesh, which is the region of modern-day Jalgaon, and West Khandesh. After Independence, East Khandesh became a part of the state of Bombay and later in 1960; Jalgaon was reorganised to become a district.
In Jalgaon city, people of Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Jewish, Christian etc are living. There are also Kunbi Patil, Mali, Maratha,Wani ,Kathar Wani, Lingayat Samaj, Dhangar as well as tribal tribes of Bhil, Pawra, Tokre-Koli.
Marathi is the major spoken language along with Hindi. Many speak a dialect called Ahirani instead of Marathi.
Shri Ram Rathosav was started by Appa Maharaj in 1872. For 2 years, this chariot passed from Shriram Temple to Jalgaon, from Bhavani Mata Mandir and reached Lalsha Baba Dargah again near Shriram Temple.In 2013, the route of Rathutsav was expanded. This route is four kilometers long. At present, Jalgaon People's Bank, Lalsha Baba are also included on the chariot route through Ghanekar Chowk.The height of the chariot is 5 feet.
Jalgaon has the North Maharashtra's biggest auditorium named after Chatrapati Sambhaji Raje.It has a seating capacity of about 1200.Along with it there are many small auditoriums where dramas are performed.Parivartan is one of the group who perform drama and poetry.
Jalgaon is famous for its Bharit and Kalnyachi bhakri, as well as Shev Bhaji. Also known for Varan Batti and Vangyachi bhaji during the festival of the Hindu Leva Patidar community.
According to the 2011 Indian census, the city of Jalgaon had a population of 4,60,228, with an average literacy rate of 87.28%. With male literacy being 90.91, with female literacy being 83.37.
Jalgaon is a tier 3 city and the administrative authority is run by the Municipal Corporation. The administrative building of the Municipal Corporation is 17 storeys. The building is named after Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
An IPS officer appointed by the Home Ministry of the State is the chief of the Jalgaon Police Department. Therefore, the police system here comes under the authority of the Home Ministry of the State of Maharashtra.Currently, Punjabrao Ugale is the SP of Jalgaon.
National Highway no.6 (Surat-Dhule-Amravati-Nagpur) passes through the city. Important cities of the district are also connected by state highways.
Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department. The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007. The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009. The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010. Jalgaon has two flights one for Mumbai and one for Ahemdabad operated by Trujet airlines.
There are various types of industries located in Jalgaon city.
- 1. Jain Irrigation Systems.
- 2. Supreme Industries.
- 3. Raymond Ltd
- 4. Chassis Brakes International
- 5. Marico
Kavayatri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management.
Educational facilities include:
- Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon
- Nutan Maratha College, Jalgaon
- Dhanaji Nana Chaudhari Vidya Prabodhan's Shirish Madhukarrao Chaudhari College
- Dr. Annasaheb G.D Bendale Mahila Mahavidyalaya College
- Adv. Sitaram Babanbhau Anandramji Baheti Arts and Commerce College, Jalgaon
- G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management
- Shram Sadhana Trust College of Engineering
- Shri Gulabrao Devkar Engineering college, Jalgaon
- Shree Sant Muktabai Institute of Technology (SMIT), Jalgaon
- Government college Of Engineering Jalgaon
- Institute of Management & Research (IMR) College, Jalgaon]
- KCES's S.S. Maniyar Law College, Jalgaon
- Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon.
- Government medical college, Jalgaon
- Bahinabai Chaudhari (1880–1951), a farmer whose poetry, published posthumously, helped popularize the Ahirani dialect
- Balkavi Thombre (1890–1918), a Marathi poet.
- Namdeo Dhondo Mahanor (1942–present), a Marathi poet and recipient of the Padma Shri award
- Pratibha Patil (1934–present), a former president of India (2007–12) and governor of Rajasthan (2004–07)
- Ujjwal Nikam, a public prosecutor who has worked on high-profile murder and terrorism cases.
- Bhavarlal Jain (1937–2016), an entrepreneur who founded Jain Irrigation Systems
- Eknath Khadse (1952–present), a politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party
- Girish Mahajan (1960–present), a politician and cabinet minister in Maharashtra
- Gulab Raghunath Patil (1966–present) Senior Leader of Shiv Sena and Minister in Maharashtra
- Vivek Patil, a politician of the Peasants and Workers Party of India
- Rohit Patil
Khandesh Mall, Jalgaon.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
|Climate data for Jalgaon City.|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.4
|Average low °C (°F)||12.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.9
|Source: Jalgaon Weather|
- "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771. .
- "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
- "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "KBC North Maharashtra University".