Jalgaon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jalgaon
City
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation Building
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation Building
Nickname(s): 
Banana City
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon in Maharashtra,India
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (India)
Jalgaon is located in Earth
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (Earth)
Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • BodyJalgaon Municipal Corporation
 • MPUnmesh Bhaiyyasaheb Patil
 • MLASuresh Damu Bhole
 • MayorJayshree Mahajan(Shivsena)
 • Municipal CommissionerUday Tekale
 • CollectorAbhijeet Raut
Area
 • Total68 km2 (26 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length13.2 km (8.2 mi)
 • Width7.8 km (4.8 mi)
Elevation
225 m (738 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total460,668
 • Rank62nd
 • Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0257
Vehicle registrationMH-19
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarter of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is known as "Banana City" as the region contributes approximately two-thirds of Maharashtra's banana production.[1] Jalgaon city is about 225 meters above sea level. The Girna River flows through the western part of the city. Jalgaon was divided in 1911,[2] with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State.

Night view of the Jalgaon skyline

Transport[edit]

Roadways

National Highway no.6 (Surat-Dhule-Amravati-Nagpur) passes through the city. Important cities of the district are also connected by state highways.

Airways

Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[3] The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[4] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[5] The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[6] Jalgaon has two flights one for Mumbai and one for Ahemdabad operated by Trujet airlines.

Railways

The city is served by Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the region to New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.

Education[edit]

Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University

North Maharashtra University is located 8 km away from the city center. Prominent Under/post-graduate colleges in city are Mooljee Jetha College and Nutan Maratha College. Engineering and polytechnic colleges include University Department of Chemical Technology at NMU, Government College of Engineering, Government Polytechnic, and G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management.

Jalgaon has two medical colleges – Government Medical College and Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon.[7]

Economy[edit]

Jalgaon has a Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) area with manufacturing units.

Climate[edit]

Jalgaon
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
8.9
 
 
30
13
 
 
3.1
 
 
33
14
 
 
4.1
 
 
38
19
 
 
0
 
 
41
24
 
 
11
 
 
43
27
 
 
129
 
 
38
26
 
 
250
 
 
31
24
 
 
164
 
 
31
24
 
 
149
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
34
19
 
 
22
 
 
32
15
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Jalgaon Weather
Climate data for Jalgaon City (1981–2010, extremes 1969–2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
41.2
(106.2)
43.9
(111.0)
47.2
(117.0)
48.4
(119.1)
46.6
(115.9)
43.9
(111.0)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
39.5
(103.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.4
(97.5)
48.4
(119.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91.0)
37.6
(99.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
32.7
(90.9)
30.4
(86.7)
34.7
(94.5)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
18.6
(65.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.8
(58.6)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39.0)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.8
(65.8)
17.1
(62.8)
12.3
(54.1)
9.5
(49.1)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
1.6
(0.06)
4.5
(0.18)
2.6
(0.10)
10.8
(0.43)
145.5
(5.73)
207.0
(8.15)
195.0
(7.68)
116.2
(4.57)
45.5
(1.79)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
746.5
(29.39)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 6.9 12.3 10.9 6.6 2.7 0.6 0.3 42.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 40 33 25 21 25 47 67 74 62 43 38 41 43
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[8][9]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[10]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". The Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  3. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  4. ^ "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Government medical college & Hospital of Jalgaon". gmcjalgaon.com. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Station: Jalgaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 347–348. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M143. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 5 April 2020.

External links[edit]