Jalna, Maharashtra

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Jalna
जालना
City
Jalna is located in Maharashtra
Jalna
Jalna
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°E / 19.8410; 75.8864Coordinates: 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°E / 19.8410; 75.8864
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Jalna
Government
 • Body Jalna Municipal council
 • M.L.A. of Maharashtra Arjun Khotkar (M oS)
Area[1]
 • Total 81.64 km2 (31.52 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 508 m (1,667 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 285,577
 • Density 3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English, Marathi, Dakhini
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 431203 431213
Telephone code 02482
Vehicle registration MH 21

Jalna About this sound pronunciation  is a city in Jalna district of the Indian state of Maharashtra.[1] It was formerly a part of Hyderabad State as a tehsil of Aurangabad district, before Jalna district was formed on 1 May 1981.

Geography[edit]

Jalna is located at 19°50′28″N 75°53′11″E / 19.8410°N 75.8864°E / 19.8410; 75.8864. It has an average elevation of 508 m (1,667 ft), on the banks of the Kundalika River.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jalna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
34
(93)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32.4
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
14
(57)
19
(66)
23
(73)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
18.8
(65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.8
(0.071)
1.1
(0.043)
6.6
(0.26)
3.1
(0.122)
28.6
(1.126)
150.1
(5.909)
152.5
(6.004)
182.3
(7.177)
156.8
(6.173)
75.2
(2.961)
13
(0.51)
12.5
(0.492)
783.6
(30.848)
Source: Jalna Weather

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Jalna
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
63%
Muslims
  
25%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2011 census, Jalna had a population of 285,577. The total population constitute, 147,029 males and 138,485 females —a sex ratio of 942 females per 1000 males. 38,834 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 20,338 are boys and 18,496 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 81.80% with 201,829 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[1]

Economy[edit]

The first cotton-ginning & oil-pressing factory was established in the year 1863 by Mr. Pestonji Meherwanji.

In 1889 a cotton-spinning and weaving mill was erected in Aurangabad city, which employed 700 people. With the opening of the Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways in the year 1900, several ginning factories were started. In Jalna alone, there were 9 cotton-ginning factories and 5 cotton presses, besides two ginning factories at Aurangabad and Kannad, and one oil press at Aurangabad. The total number of people employed in the cotton presses and ginning factories in the year 1901 was 1,016.[3]

Transport[edit]

Jalna is primarily connected with the rest of India by railway and road.

Rail[edit]

Jalna is a station located on the Secunderabad-Manmad Line of the newly created Nanded Division of South Central Railway. Formerly, it had been a part of Hyderabad Division, before divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw HYB's bifurcation.

Road[edit]

Jalna is connected to major towns of the state by state highways. Road connectivity is excellent, roads connecting to Aurangabad, Pune, Ahmednagar, Nagpur, Beed, Mumbai having been upgraded to four-lane highways. A New Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai highway, passing through Jalna, is being developed

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Jalna" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. p. 22. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jalna, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Khan, Mirza Mehdy (1909). Hyderabad. Imperial Gazetteer of India. Calcutta: Government Printing Press.