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|Administrative Division||Aurangabad Division|
|• Total||7,612 km2 (2,939 sq mi)|
|• Density||209/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|• Official||Marathi, Hindi, and English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MH|
|Tehsils||1. Jalna 2. Ambad, 3. Bhokardan, 4. Badnapur, 5. Ghansavangi, 6. Partur, 7. Mantha, 8. Jafrabad|
|Lok Sabha||1. Jalna (shared with Aurangabad district) 2. Parbhani (shared with Parbhani district)|
The district is situated in central Maharashtra, in the north of the Marathwada region—one of eight districts—as part Aurangabad division, and is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district, on the east by Parbhani district and Buldhana district, on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district.
The district occupies an area of 7,718 square kilometres (2,980 sq mi). The range of geographical latitudes and longitudes of the district is from 19.01' N to 21.03'N and from 75.04'E to 76.04'E, with gently to moderately sloping topography. The Northern part of the district is occupied by the Ajanta and Satmala hill ranges.
Rivers and lakes
The Godavari River flows along the southern boundary of the district, from west to east. The Purna River, one of the major tributaries of the Godavari, also flows through the district. The Dudhana, the principal tributary of the Purna, and the Kelana and the Girija, also tributaries of the Purna, as well as the Gulati and the Kundlika—which has been dammed to create the Ghanewadi Reservoir, which provides water to Jalna city—are other rivers draining the district.
Jalna was formerly a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad. After Indian independence in 1947, it became part of Aurangabad district. On 1 May 1981, the present district was formed from Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad and Ambad talukas of Aurangabad district and Partur taluka of Parbhani district.
The district was formed during the term of chief minister Abdul Rehman Antulay. The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Jalna and Partur. These are further divided into eight talukas: Jalna, Ambad, Bhokardan, Badnapur, Ghansavangi, Partur, Mantha and Jafrabad. There is a total of 970 villages in the district.
The district has five constituencies of Maharashtra State Vidhan Sabha ( Legislative Assembly):
- Partur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Ghansawangi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Jalna (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Badnapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Bhokardan (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
According to the 2011 census,
- Jalna district has a population of 1,959,046, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 237th in India (out of a total of 640).
- The district has a population density of 255 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.84%.
- Jalna has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.61%.
- Badrinarayan Ramulal Barwale (1931 – 24 July 2017) is widely regarded as the father of the Indian seeds industry, who revolutionised farming practices by producing cheaper and higher-yield seeds in the Marathwada region of India.
- Raosaheb Danve (born 18 March 1955) represents Bhartiya Janata Party in 17th Lok Sabha and is a Minister of State Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Modi 2.0 Government formed on 30 May 2019
- Arjun Khotkar is a Shiv Sena politician from Jalna district, Marathwada. He is current Member of Legislative Assembly from Jalna (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Maharashtra, India as a member of Shiv Sena.
- Santosh Danve is an Indian politicitian from Maharashtra. He is the youngest member of the 13th Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and belongs to the Bhartiya Janata Party.
- Tourism in Marathwada
- Institute of Mental Health (Erragadda) - Institute was shifted from Jalna To Hyderabad in 1953 after Hyderabad State (1948–56) was formed.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Introduction". Jalna district. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
New Mexico – 2,059,179
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Deo N S (2012). Darul Majanine, Jalna to Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda Hyderabad: The Forgotten History, Research Aaj Tak Vol.1 No.4 (Sept-Dec 2012).