|Administrative Division||Aurangabad Division|
|• Total||7,612 km2 (2,939 sq mi)|
|• Density||209/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|• Official||Marathi, Hindi, and English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MH|
|Tehsils||1. Jalna 2. Ambad, 3. Bhokardan, 4. Badnapur, 5. Ghansavangi, 6. Partur, 7. Mantha, 8. Jafrabad|
|LokSabha||1. Jalna (shared with Aurangabad district) 2. Parbhani (shared with Parbhani district)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Divisions
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Hindu temples and shrines
- 5.1 Shri Ganesha of Rajur (Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan)
- 5.2 The Matsyodari Devi Mandir of Ambad
- 5.3 Jamb Samartha, Ghansawangi
- 5.4 Jalicha Dev (Shri Chakradhar Swami), Jaidevwadi
- 5.5 Shri Jagdamba Devi, Mantha
- 5.6 Shri Jagdamba Devi Mandir, Waghrul Jahangir
- 5.7 Jambuvantgad Jamkhed, Ambad
- 5.8 Rohilagad Fort, Rohilagad
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The district is situated in central Maharashtra, in the north of the Marathwada region—one of eight districts—as part Aurangabad division, and is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district, on the east by Parbhani district and Buldhana district, on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district.
The district occupies an area of 7,718 square kilometres (2,980 sq mi). The range of geographical latitudes and longitudes of the district is from 19.01' N to 21.03'N and from 75.04'E to 76.04'E, with gently to moderately sloping topography. The Northern part of the district is occupied by the Ajanta and Satmala hill ranges.
Rivers and lakes
The Godavari River flows along the southern boundary of the district, from west to east. The Purna River, one of the major tributaries of the Godavari, also flows through the district. The Dudhana, the principal tributary of the Purna, and the Kelana and the Girija, also tributaries of the Purna, as well as the Gulati and the Kundlika—which has been dammed to create the Ghanewadi Reservoir, which provides water to Jalna city—are other rivers draining the district.
Jalna was formerly a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad and after the Indian independence in 1947, became part of Aurangabad district. On 1 May 1981, the new district was formed by carving out Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad and Ambad talukas (Sub-division) of Aurangabad district and Partur taluka of Parbhani district.
The district was formed during the term of chief minister Abdul Rehman Antulay. The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Jalna and Partur. These are further divided into eight talukas: Jalna, Ambad, Bhokardan, Badnapur, Ghansavangi, Partur, Mantha and Jafrabad. There is a total of 970 villages in the district.
The district has five constituencies of Maharashtra State Vidhan Sabha ( Legislative Assembly):
- Partur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Ghansawangi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Jalna (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Badnapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Bhokardan (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
According to the 2011 census,
- Jalna district has a population of 1,958,483, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 237th in India (out of a total of 640).
- The district has a population density of 255 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.84%.
- Jalna has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.61%.
Hindu temples and shrines
Shri Ganesha of Rajur (Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan)
This Ganesha temple, containing the Rajur swayambhu (self-manifested) idol, is situated 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Jalna city. On every Chathurthi lots of pilgrims come to pray to the deity. A well-attended fair is held at the temple on Angarika Chaturthi.
The Rajur is considered as one of the complete pithas (centers) of Lord Ganesha, of the three-and-a-half according to the Ganesha Purana. Other complete pithas are at Morgaon and Chinchwad, both near Pune. The remaining half-pitha is at Padmalaya.
The Matsyodari Devi Mandir of Ambad
The Matsyodari Devi Temple of Ambad is situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Jalna city. Matsyodari, so called because the temple is on a hill which resembles the shape of a fish (matsya), is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the region. A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in October, during Sharad Navratri.
Jamb Samartha, Ghansawangi
Jamb Samarth village is the place where Sant Ramdas Swami was born. This village is in Ghansavangi tehsil, of Jalna district. Samarth Ramdas was born on Chaitra Shukla Navami, Shake 1530 (as per Hindu Calendar), at 12 p.m., the same time of birth as Ram Janma (Lord Rama). He was the younger son of Suryajipant Thosar Kulkarni and Ranubai. His birth name was Narayan Suryaji Thosar. The elder brother of Sant Ramdas Swami was Gangadhar. He is known as 'Shreshtha' or 'Rami Ramdas'. He was born on Margashirsha Vadhya Trayodashi, Shake 1527.
Ramdas Swami wrote the holy granth (book) Dasbodh, Manache Shloka and many more shlokas. He took as his slogan Jai Jai Raghuveer Samarth, from the Hanuman Stuti. He built a number of Hanuman temples in villages throughout Maharashtra, for the purpose of encouraging in youth a devotion to Rama. He guided Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in establishing his rule.
A popular annual fair is held at the Ram temple on Ram Navami. This Ram temple is situated in Sant Ramdas Swami's home.
The Samartha temple was built in memory of Sant Ramdas Swami. This temple is managed by a trust which was registered in 1943 by Nanasaheb Dev. The trust comprises 55 members and 11 trustees. It owns 240 hectares (590 acres) of land. A building to lodge pilgrims is maintained by the trust. This building was built with a donation received from Queen Mother Holkar of Indore, in memory of Shri Devi Ahilyabai Holkar.
Jalicha Dev (Shri Chakradhar Swami), Jaidevwadi
Jalicha Dev is an important holy place for the Mahanubhav Panth people. It is believed that Shri Chakradhar Swami resided here for some time. It is in Jaidevwadi village, in Bhokardan tehsil, on the north side of Jalna district.
Shri Jagdamba Devi, Mantha
The Shri Jagdamba Temple of Mantha is situated on a hill 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of Mantha City. It is 300 years old. Many people come for Darshan, especially on Tuesday. A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in Navratri and on Chaitra Purnima.
Shri Jagdamba Devi Mandir, Waghrul Jahangir
15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Jalna, along the Devel Goan Raja Road, there is Waghrul Jahangir village, which contains a Jagdamba Devi temple. It is famous in the region.
Jambuvantgad Jamkhed, Ambad
44 km from jalna and 15 km from Ambad and 4 km from Rohilagad.
Rohilagad Fort, Rohilagad
Rohilagad is a village that has many historic forts, temples, large stones (Chilamkh ada), and the like.
- Tourism in Marathwada
- Institute of Mental Health (Erragadda) - Institute was shifted from Jalna To Hyderabad in 1953 after Hyderabad State (1948–56) was formed.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Mexico – 2,059,179
- Manjrekar, Prakesh. Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan & Vitthal Mandir, Rajur...JALNA (Video). YouTube. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Famous places of Lord Ganesha". Ganeshay Namaha. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Ganesh Temples In Maharashtra". SurajInfo. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- Deo N S (2012). Darul Majanine, Jalna to Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda Hyderabad: The Forgotten History, Research Aaj Tak Vol.1 No.4 (Sept-Dec 2012).