|Elevation||178 m (584 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||RJ-16, RJ -46|
|Nearest city||Sirohi, Barmer, Mehsana, Jodhpur|
Jalore is known as granite city.Jalore lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river and is about 140 km south of Jodhpur and 489 Km from the state capital Jaipur. Jalore hasn't grown that much in terms of infrastructure.But City Center Shopping Mall is the example that it is growing. City center has many corporate offices like Axis Bank, Punjab National Bank, UCO Bank, Birla Sun Life Insurance Ltd, Shreeram Transport Finance Company among others.
The major towns, villages and cities of the Jalor district are Juni Bali, Bhadrajun, Sayla, Megalva, Siana, Ahore, Sanchore, Bishangarh, Hadecha, Ramsin, Daspan, Jaswantpura, Ummedabad, Raniwara, Bagra, Bhinmal, Jalor and Bagoda.
In ancient times Jalore was known as Jabalipura - named after a saint. The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands. Jalore was the hometown of Jeevant Kunwar, mother of Maharana Pratap (1572–1597). She was the daughter of Akhey Raj Songara. Rathore rulers of Jodhpur used the Jalore fort to safe-keep their treasure. Dungara Ram Choudhary, of IIT-JEE 2002 AIR 1 fame, hails from this hamlet.
It was a flourishing town in the 8th century. Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras in the 10th century. Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, the Chahamana ruler of Nadol, was the founder of the Jalore line of Chauhans. He captured it from the Parmars in 1181 and took the clan name Songara, after the place. His son Samarasimha succeeded him in 1182. Udayasimha was the next ruler under whom Jalore had a golden period. He was a powerful and able ruler ruling over a large area. He recaptured Nadol and Mandor from the Turks. In 1228, the Delhi Sultan Iltutmish circled Jalore but Udayasimha offered stiff resistance. He was succeeded by Chachigadeva and Samantasimha. Samantasimha was succeeded by his son Kanhadadeva.
During the reign of Kanhadadeva, Jalor was attacked and captured in 1311 by the Delhi's Turkic Sultan Alauddin Khalji. Kanhadadeva and his son Viramadeva died defending Jalore. The Turkic rulers of Palanpur State of Gujarat briefly ruled Jalor in the 16th century and it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was restored to Marwar in 1704, and remained part of the kingdom until shortly after Indian Independence in 1947. Ambliara princely state in Gujarat they are the pedigree of Jalore Maharani Popadevi. Ambliara has a small princely state in Mahi Kantha Agency Present days near Bayad taluka of Aravalli District Gujarat.
There are 12 Mathh(Big Hindu Temple) and 13 Takiya (Masjid).
Visitor attractions of Jalore
- Jalore Fort
One of the most important structures within the town is the Topekhana or "the cannon foundry". The building is not in the best of conditions now, but its architecture indicates that this structure must have been awesome in the old days. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vikramaditya as a "Sanskrut Pathshala" for education for his public. But at the time of Muslim Emperor Alauddin Khalji converted into a Muslim monument. The structure is imposing, with a spacious forecourt and an intricate facade. The colonnade and the ceiling are tastefully carved.
- Jain Temples
- Jain temples built in the 8th century, dedicated to the first Tirthankara of Jainism, Rishabha, the 16th Tirthankara, Shantinath, the 23rd Tirthankara, Parsva and the 24th Tirthankara, Mahavira,
- Derasars of Rishabha, Munisuvrata, Acharya Rajendrasuri and Neminath
- Hindu Temple
- Sire Mandir at Jalore
- Sundha Mata
- Kailashdham at Bishangarh with huge statue of lord Shiva.
- Dhabbawali Mata Temple at Khasravi
- Malik Shah's mosque
As of 2011 India census, Jalor had a population of 54,081. Males constitute 52.61% of the population and females 47.38%. Jalor has an average literacy rate of 64.02%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 73.41%, and female literacy is 53.59%. In Jalor, 13.66% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- "Quartz India feature". Retrieved 2018-04-09.
- Neelima Vashishtha (1989). Sculptural traditions of Rajasthan: ca. 800-1000 A.D. Publication Scheme. p. 6.
- "जानें सांचौर के इस मंदिर से जुड़ी दिलचस्प बात". Thar Post. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
- "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.