Jalore

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Jalore

jalor
city
Jalore is located in Rajasthan
Jalore
Jalore
Location in Rajasthan, India
Jalore is located in India
Jalore
Jalore
Jalore (India)
Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictJalor
Elevation
178 m (584 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total54,081
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
343001
Telephone code912973
Vehicle registrationRJ-16, RJ -46
Nearest citySirohi, Barmer, Mehsana, Jodhpur
Websitejalore.rajasthan.gov.in

Jalor, also known as Granite City, is a city in the western Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of Jalore District.

It has a river known as Jawai Nadi. Jalore lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river and the river Jawai Nadi passes through it. The city is about 140 km (87 mi) south of Jodhpur and 489 km (304 mi) from the state capital Jaipur. Jalore hasn't grown that much in terms of infrastructure. The city center has many corporate offices like Axis Bank, Punjab National Bank, UCO Bank, Birla Sun Life Insurance Ltd, Shreeram Transport Finance Company among others. Dungara Ram Choudhary, of IIT-JEE 2002 AIR 1 fame, hails from this hamlet.[1]

History[edit]

In ancient times Jalore was known as Jabalipura - named after the Hindu saint Jabali.[2] The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands. It was a flourishing town in the 8th century, and, according to some historical sources, in the 8th-9th centuries, one branch of the GurjarPratihara empire ruled at Jablipur (Jalore).[3] Raja Man Pratihar was ruling Bhinmal in jalore when Parmara Emperor Vakpati Munja(972-990 CE) invaded the region — after this conquest he divided these conquered territories among his Parmara princes - his son Aranyaraj Parmar was granted Abu region, his son and his nephew Chandan Parmar,Dharnivarah Parmar was given Jalore region . This ended almost 250years Pratihar rule over Bhinmal.[4] Raja Man Pratihar's son Dewalsimha Pratihar was a contemporary of Abu's Raja Mahipal Parmar (1000-1014 CE). Raja Devalsimha made many attempts to free his country or to re-establish Pratihar hold onto Bhinmal but in vain .Finally he settled for the territories in Southwest of Bhinmal, comprising four hills - Dodasa, Nadwana,Kala-Pahad and Sundha. He made Lohiyana (present Jaswantpura) his capital. Hence this subclan became Dewal Pratihars.[5] Gradually their jagir included 52 villages in and around modern Jalore district. The Dewals participated in Jalore's Chauhan Kanhaddeo's resistance against Allauddin Khilji . Thakur Dhawalsimha Dewal of Lohiyana supplied manpower to Maharana Pratap and married his daughter to the Maharana, in return Maharana gave him the title of “Rana” which has stayed with them till this day[6]

In the 10th century, Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras. In 1181, Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, the Chahamana ruler of Nadol, captured Jalore from the Paramaras and founded the Jalore line of Chauhans. His son Samarasimha succeeded him in 1182. Samarasimha was succeeded by Udayasimha, who expanded the kingdom by recapturing Nadol and Mandor from the Turks. During Udayasimha's reign, Jalore was a tributary of the Delhi Sultanate.[7] Udayasimha was succeeded by Chachigadeva and Samantasimha. Samantasimha was succeeded by his son Kanhadadeva.

During the reign of Kanhadadeva, Jalor was attacked and captured in 1311 by the Delhi's Turkic Sultan Alauddin Khalji. Kanhadadeva and his son Viramadeva died defending Jalore.

Jalore was the hometown of Jaiwanta Bai, mother of Maharana Pratap (1572–1597). She was the daughter of Akhey Raj Songara. Rathore rulers of Ratlam used the Jalore fort to safe-keep their treasure.

In the Middle Time nearly 1690 Royal Family Of Jalore Yadu Chandravanshi Bhati Rajput Of Jaisalmer came Jalore and make make their kingdom. They are also known as Nathji, Thakaro by the local people of Ummedabad. Jalore is a second capital of them the first capital was Jodhpur still chhatri of bhati sardar from royal family of Jalore ancestors exists. They ruled whole Jalore, Jodhpur in their time after Mughals they had only Ummedabad.

The Turkic rulers of Palanpur State of Gujarat briefly ruled Jalor in the 16th century and it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was restored to Marwar in 1704, and remained part of the kingdom until shortly after Indian Independence in 1947.

Ambliara princely state in Gujarat are the pedigree of Jalore Maharani Popadevi. Ambliara has a small princely state in Mahi Kantha Agency Present days near Bayad taluka of Aravalli District Gujarat.

There are 12 Math (Big Hindu monasteries) and 13 Takiya (Masjid).

Jalore is known as the "Cradle of the Marwari horse" - an indigenous horse breed famed for its beauty, endurance and loyalty to the horsemen who fought interminable wars on horseback.

Visitor attractions of Jalore[edit]

Forts And Palace

  • Jalore Fort
  • Rawala Ummedbad nowaday known as Aasan made by royal family of Jalore.
  • Topekhana

One of the most important structures within the town is the Topekhana or "the cannon foundry". The building is not in the best of conditions now, but its architecture indicates that this structure must have been awesome in the old days. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vikramaditya as a "Sanskrut Pathshala" for education for his public. But at the time of Muslim Emperor Alauddin Khalji converted into a Muslim monument. The structure is imposing, with a spacious forecourt and an intricate facade. The colonnade and the ceiling are tastefully carved.

Jain Temples
Shri Munisuvrata-Nemi-Parshva Jinalaya, Santhu, Jalore
Hindu Temple
Mosque
  • Malik Shah's mosque

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balachandran, Shelly Walia, Manu. "These ten guys aced the IIT entrance exam. Here's what they're doing after graduation". Quartz India. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  2. ^ "धर्म-आस्था: जालोर शहर में ऋषि पंचमी पर महर्षि जाबालि का किया पूजन". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 26 August 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  3. ^ Neelima Vashishtha (1989). Sculptural traditions of Rajasthan: ca. 800-1000 A.D. Publication Scheme. p. 6.
  4. ^ Rao Ganpatsimha Chitalwana, Bhinmal ka Sanskritik Vaibhav, p. 46- 49
  5. ^ Rao Ganpatsimha Chitalwana, Bhinmal ka Sanskritik Vaibhav, p. 49
  6. ^ Rao Ganpatsimha Chitalwana, Bhinmal ka Sanskritik Vaibhav, p. 50- 53
  7. ^ Srivastava, Ashok Kumar (1979). The Chahamanas of Jalore. Sahitya Sansar Prakashan. pp. 14–24.
  8. ^ "जानें सांचौर के इस मंदिर से जुड़ी दिलचस्प बात". Thar Post. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  9. ^ http://bhandavpur.com/