|Elevation||178 m (584 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||RJ-16, RJ -46|
|Nearest city||Sirohi, Barmer, Mehsana, Jodhpur|
Jalore is also known as Granite City.It has a river known as Jawai Nadi. Jalore lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river and is about 140 km (87 mi) south of Jodhpur and 489 km (304 mi) from the state capital Jaipur. Jalore hasn't grown that much in terms of infrastructure. City center has many corporate offices like Axis Bank, Punjab National Bank, UCO Bank, Birla Sun Life Insurance Ltd, Shreeram Transport Finance Company among others.
In ancient times Jalore was known as Jabalipura - named after great hindu saint.
The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands.
Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras in the 10th century. Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, the Chahamana ruler of Nadol, was the founder of the Jalore line of Chauhans. He captured it from the Parmars in 1181 and took the clan name Songara, after the place. His son Samarasimha succeeded him in 1182. Udayasimha was the next ruler under whom Jalore had a golden period. He was a powerful and able ruler ruling over a large area. He recaptured Nadol and Mandor from the Turks. In 1228, the Delhi Sultan Iltutmish circled Jalore but Udayasimha offered stiff resistance. He was succeeded by Chachigadeva and Samantasimha. Samantasimha was succeeded by his son Kanhadadeva.
Jalore was the hometown of Jeevant Kunwar, mother of Maharana Pratap (1572–1597). She was the daughter of Akhey Raj Songara. Rathore rulers of Jodhpur used the Jalore fort to safe-keep their treasure. Dungara Ram Choudhary, of IIT-JEE 2002 AIR 1 fame, hails from this hamlet.
The Turkic rulers of Palanpur State of Gujarat briefly ruled Jalor in the 16th century and it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was restored to Marwar in 1704, and remained part of the kingdom until shortly after Indian Independence in 1947.
There are 12 Math (Big Hindu monasteries) and 13 Takiya (Masjid).
Jalore is known as the "Cradle of the Marwari horse" - an indigenous horse breed famed for its beauty, endurance and loyalty to the horsemen who fought interminable wars on horseback.
Visitor attractions of Jalore
- Jalore Fort
One of the most important structures within the town is the Topekhana or "the cannon foundry". The building is not in the best of conditions now, but its architecture indicates that this structure must have been awesome in the old days. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vikramaditya as a "Sanskrut Pathshala" for education for his public. But at the time of Muslim Emperor Alauddin Khalji converted into a Muslim monument. The structure is imposing, with a spacious forecourt and an intricate facade. The colonnade and the ceiling are tastefully carved.
- Jain Temples
- Jain temples built in the 8th century, dedicated to the first Tirthankara of Jainism, Rishabha, the 16th Tirthankara, Shantinath, the 23rd Tirthankara, Parsva and the 24th Tirthankara, Mahavira,
- Derasars of Rishabha, Munisuvrata, Acharya Rajendrasuri and Neminath
- Hindu Temple
- Sire Mandir at Jalore
- Sundha Mata
- Kailashdham at Bishangarh with huge statue of lord Shiva.
- Dhabbawali Mata Temple at Khasravi
- Jain Tirth Bhandavpur, an ancient Jain centre which is now a major pilgrimage place
- Malik Shah's mosque